Thetford (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
County Norfolk
Number of members Two
Replaced by West Norfolk

Thetford was a constituency of the British House of Commons. It elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) by the bloc vote system of election until it was disenfranchised in 1868. Below are those MPs who held the seat from just prior to the Restoration onwards.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1529–1660[edit]

Year First member Second member
1529 Giles Heron William Dauntesey [1]
1536 ?
1539 ?
1542 ?
1545 ?
1547 John Brende Richard Heydon [1]
1553 (Mar) Sir John Clere Henry Northey [1]
1553 (Oct) William Hunston Robert Drury [1]
1554 (Apr) Robert Drury Nicholas Rookwood [1]
1554 (Nov) Robert Drury Nicholas Rookwood [1]
1555 Nicholas Rookwood Robert Barker [1]
1558 Edward Clere Walter Haddon [1]
1559 Edmund Gascoigne Thomas Poley I [2]
1562/3 Sir Richard Fulmerston Edward Clere [2]
1571 Philip Appleyard Thomas Hogan [2]
1572 William Humberston, died
and repl. Jan 1576 by Sir Valentine Browne
Thomas Colby [2]
1584 Edward Eden Robert Whitney [2]
1586 Sir Roger Woodhouse Thomas Poley II [2]
1588/9 William Waad Philip Gawdy [2]
1593 Charles Chewte Bassingbourne Gawdy [2]
1597 John Crofts Philip Gawdy [2]
1601 Henry Warner Thomas Knyvet, 1st Baron Knyvet [2]
1604 Bassingbourne Gawdy died
and repl. 1606 by
Sir William Twysden, 1st Baronet
Sir William Paddy
1614 Framlingham Gawdy Sir William Twysden, 1st Baronet
1621 Framlingham Gawdy Sir Thomas Holland
1624 Framlingham Gawdy Drue Drury
1625 Sir Robert Cotton, 1st Baronet, of Connington Framlingham Gawdy
1626 Sir John Hobart, 2nd Baronet Framlingham Gawdy
1628 Edmund Moundeford Sir Henry Spiller sat for Middlesex
Sir Henry Vane
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned
Apr 1640 Sir Thomas Wodehouse, 2nd Baronet Framlingham Gawdy
Nov 1640 Sir Thomas Wodehouse, 2nd Baronet Framlingham Gawdy secluded 1648
1648 Sir Thomas Wodehouse, 2nd Baronet
1653–1658 Thetford not represented in Barebones and Protectorate Parliaments
1659 William Stene Robert Steward

MPs 1660–1868[edit]

Year First member[3] First party Second member[3] Second party
April 1660 Sir Philip Wodehouse Robert Paston
March 1661 Sir Allen Apsley William Gawdy
October 1669 Sir Joseph Williamson
February 1679 William Harbord
March 1685 Henry Heveningham William de Grey
January 1689 Sir Henry Hobart Whig William Harbord
February 1689 Sir Francis Guybon
June 1689 John Trenchard Whig
February 1690 William Harbord
May 1690 Baptist May
November 1695 Sir Joseph Williamson Sir John Wodehouse
January 1696 James Sloane
July 1698 Sir Joseph Williamson
January 1699 Lord Paston
January 1701 Sir Joseph Williamson Edmund Soame
March 1701 Sir Thomas Hanmer
November 1701 Sir John Wodehouse
July 1702 Robert Benson Edmund Soame
May 1705 Sir Thomas Hanmer Sir John Wodehouse
May 1708 Robert Baylis Thomas de Grey
October 1710 Sir Thomas Hanmer Dudley North
December 1710 Sir Edmund Bacon
August 1713 Sir William Barker
January 1715 John Ward
1722 Sir Edmund Bacon Robert Jacomb
1733 by-election Charles FitzRoy-Scudamore
1739 by-election Lord Augustus FitzRoy
Dec. 1741 by-election Lord Henry Beauclerk
1754 Herbert Westfaling
1761 Henry Seymour Conway Rockingham Whig Hon. Aubrey Beauclerk
1768 John Drummond
Sept. 1774 by-election Viscount Petersham
1774 Hon. Charles FitzRoy Charles FitzRoy-Scudamore
1780 Richard Hopkins
1782 by-election Earl of Euston Whig
1784 Sir Charles Kent, Bt George Jennings
1790 Robert John Buxton Joseph Randyll Burch
May 1796 John Harrison
1802 Thomas Creevey
1806 Lord William FitzRoy James Mingay
February 1807 Thomas Creevey
1812 Lord John FitzRoy
1818 Lord Charles FitzRoy Nicholas Ridley-Colborne
1826 Bingham Baring
1830 Lord James FitzRoy Whig Francis Baring Whig
1831 Alexander Baring Tory
1832 Francis Baring Tory
1834 by-election Henry FitzRoy, Earl of Euston Liberal
1841 Hon. Bingham Baring Conservative
May 1842 Sir James Flower, Bt Conservative
1847 William FitzRoy, Earl of Euston Liberal
1848 by-election Francis Baring Conservative
1857 by-election Alexander Baring Conservative
1863 by-election Lord Frederick FitzRoy Liberal
1865 Robert Harvey Conservative
1867 by-election Edward Gordon Conservative
1868 Constituency abolished

FitzRoy family[edit]

Due to the town's close proximity to Euston Hall (the main residence of the FitzRoy family), the seat for Thetford has been held by various members of the family:

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

FitzRoy succeeded to the peerage, becoming 6th Duke of Grafton and causing a by-election.

By-election, 21 April 1863: Thetford[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Lord Frederick FitzRoy 93 53.4 N/A
Conservative Robert Harvey 81 46.6 N/A
Majority 12 6.9 N/A
Turnout 174 75.0 N/A
Registered electors 232
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General Election 1865: Thetford[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Harvey 193 48.4 N/A
Liberal Alexander Baring 137 34.3 N/A
Liberal Thomas Dakin[5] 69 17.3 N/A
Majority 56 14.0 N/A
Turnout 200 (est) 89.1 (est) N/A
Registered electors 224
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Baring resigned, causing a by-election.

By-election, 2 December 1867: Thetford[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Gordon Unopposed
Conservative gain from Liberal


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-10-11. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-10-11. 
  3. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 1)
  4. ^ a b c Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3. 
  5. ^ "Eastern Counties Elections". Bury and Norwich Post. 18 July 1865. p. 6. Retrieved 25 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 


  • D. Brunton & D. H. Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [1]