Theydon Bois

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Theydon Bois
TheydonBois.JPG
Forest Drive
Theydon Bois is located in Essex
Theydon Bois
Theydon Bois
Location within Essex
Population4,062 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid referenceTQ455990
Civil parish
  • Theydon Bois[2]
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townEPPING
Postcode districtCM16
Dialling code01992
PoliceEssex
FireEssex
AmbulanceEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Essex
51°40′17″N 0°06′12″E / 51.6713°N 0.1034°E / 51.6713; 0.1034Coordinates: 51°40′17″N 0°06′12″E / 51.6713°N 0.1034°E / 51.6713; 0.1034

Theydon Bois (/ˌθdən ˈbɔɪz/ or /-ˈbɔɪs/) is a village and civil parish in the Epping Forest district of Essex, England. It is 1.4 miles (2.2 km) south of Epping, 0.85 miles (1.3 km) northeast of Loughton and 6 miles (9.6 km) south of Harlow. The population is 3,993,[3] increasing to 4,062 at the 2011 Census.[1]

Theydon Bois is inside the M25 motorway near to its junction with the M11 motorway. It is served by Theydon Bois tube station on the Central line and has one primary school, Theydon Bois County Primary School. It lies on the edge of Epping Forest. It also has the Theydon Bois Interchange.

A notable characteristic of the village is its almost complete absence of street lighting. Villagers have consistently voted against the installation of such lighting for decades, fearing that it would damage the traditional village ambience and require a rise in council tax. Only the approach to the tube station features a small number of lampposts.[4]

History[edit]

Theydon first occurs as Thecdene in 1062; it probably comes from Old English thæc + denu 'valley where thatching materials are got'.[5] The second part of the name refers to the family of Bois (de Bosco), which held the manor in the 12th and 13th centuries.[6] For the village name, the pronunciation is either "boyce" or "boys". When the Great Eastern Railway built its branch to Ongar, it asked the clerk of the Epping Parish Council, John Windas, how it should be spelled. As he had some knowledge of French and in view of the village's proximity to the forest, he suggested the best spelling would be 'Bois'.[citation needed]

Theydon Hall, which is on the site of the ancient manor house, is south of the green on the Abridge road. Theydon Hall was the manor house until early in the 17th century. The old parish church was nearby, demolished in 1843.

The Avenue of Trees[edit]

Loughton Lane

What is widely regarded as Theydon Bois' most iconic landmark is the 'Avenue of Trees'[7] which lines Loughton Lane, one of its main roads. The oak trees were planted in the 1830s to, reputedly, celebrate the accession of Queen Victoria to the throne.[8] Chairwoman of the City of London's Epping Forest Committee, said, “The Theydon avenue [has been] identified as the highest priority among the many other avenues of trees that the City of London currently looks after."[9]

A recent survey commissioned by the City of London, the responsible authority for the Green, found that four of the trees were required to be felled and others should be monitored.[8]

Although felling was accepted as necessary, there was local concern about the visual impact that this would have on the village. A new line of trees, therefore, was planted in late 2010, set back from the current row. The semi-mature replacements will eventually dominate the site. The TBPC chairman, Robert Glozier, said, "The Avenue of Trees is an intrinsic part of the village. It has to be preserved not just for the short term but also the long term and the best way to do this is to have a parallel Avenue of Trees to take over".[8]

Some of the new trees have been sponsored as memorials, and details of these will be printed on an information board near the avenue.[9]

Events[edit]

Several yearly events are observed in Theydon Bois. Of most note is the annual tradition of the Donkey Derby, which is usually held in July. The 26th consecutive event was held on 14 July 2013.[10] The Derby involves children participating in donkey racing, which can be bet on in small-stakes. Individual races or the donkeys themselves can be sponsored in advance by villagers who are then offered the right to name the race or donkey respectively. Also included in the day are rides, games, stalls, donkey rides and food and drink tents. Profits made from the Donkey Derby are raised for the Theydon Bois Scouts, although have recently begun to benefit the local Girl Guides as well. The Donkey Derby was postponed from July until September for the first time in 2012 due to bad weather,[11] although the rescheduled event also suffered from heavy rain and wind.[12]

Another annual tradition is the Open Gardens Day, which is held in the summer. The event, which is now[when?] in its 30th year, allows local residents to show private gardens to both local and external visitors.[citation needed]

Theydon Bois and Epping Forest[edit]

Theydon Bois Green

Epping Forest, an ancient woodland and former Royal Forest, borders Theydon Bois. The Theydon Bois & District Rural Preservation Society was founded to preserve the rural character of the countryside in and around the village.[13]

Awards[edit]

Theydon Bois Village Hall
  • Winner, Rural Community Council of Essex 'Essex Best Kept village Competition (Class 2)', 2004[14]
  • Winner, Rural Community Council of Essex 'Essex Best Kept village Competition (Class 2)', 2007[14]
  • Runner up, Rural Community Council of Essex 'Essex Best Kept village Competition (Class 2)', 2010[14]
  • Third Place, Essex Community Magazine Awards for 'Best Community Magazine in Essex' (Theydon Bois village News), 2015
  • Winner, Essex Community Magazine Awards for 'Best Community Magazine in Essex' (Theydon Bois village News), 2013 [14]
  • Third Place, Essex Community Magazine Awards for 'Best Community Magazine in Essex' (Theydon Bois village News), 2012
  • Winner, Essex Community Magazine Awards for 'Best Community Magazine in Essex' (Theydon Bois village News), 2011 [14]
  • Winner, Essex Community Magazine Awards for 'Best Community Magazine in Essex' (Theydon Bois village News), 2010 [14]
  • Third Place, Essex Community Magazine Awards for 'Best Community Magazine in Essex' (Theydon Bois village News), 2009 [14]
  • Winner, Essex Community Magazine Awards for 'Best Community Magazine in Essex' (Theydon Bois village News), 2007
  • Winner, Ch.Ewing Horticultural Society Award for Commitment to Greenery 2015-2021, Theydon Bois Biggest Stud award 2018-2020.
  • Winner, Essex Association of Local Councils Newsletter Award' – Essex County Council – (Theydon Bois village News), 2005
  • Winner, Essex Association of Local Councils Newsletter Award' – Essex County Council – (Theydon Bois village News), 2007

Pubs[edit]

The village used to have four pubs but now only has two pubs, the Bull and the Queen Victoria. The third, Theydons (previously The Railway Arms), closed in October 2011 and has been converted into flats as has the Sixteen String Jack which closed around 2016.[15]

Transport[edit]

Theydon Bois tube station is on the London Underground's Central line. There is currently one bus service connecting the village to Loughton, Abridge, Epping and Harlow.[16]

Governance[edit]

Theydon Bois is governed locally by a Parish Council made up of 10 Councillors serving on a 4 year term with 1 of them selected as the Chairman of the Council for a 12 Month Term. In Parliament it is represented by the constituency of Epping Forest.

Famous residents[edit]

Location grid[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Neighbourhood Statistics, Civil Parish 2011". Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 19 October 2016. Retrieved 7 September 2016.
  2. ^ "Theydon Bois Parish Council Website". Theydon Bois Parish Council. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
  3. ^ "Parish Profile: Theydon Bois". Epping Forest District Council. Archived from the original on 13 November 2004.
  4. ^ The village that refuses to have street lights Archived 24 July 2021 at the Wayback Machine − theydon.org.uk
  5. ^ David Mills, A Dictionary of British Place-Names (OUP Oxford, 2011), p. 455.
  6. ^ "Theydon Bois: Introduction". British History Online. Archived from the original on 19 January 2021. Retrieved 13 December 2020.
  7. ^ Robert Levene. "The Avenue of Trees" (PDF). Newsletter and Notice of AGM 2013. Theydon Bois and District Rural Preservation Society: 7. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 April 2018. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  8. ^ a b c "Theydon Bois Village News" (PDF). Theydon Bois Village. March 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
  9. ^ a b "Theydon Bois: Avenue of trees replanted". East London and West Essex Guardian. 12 November 2010. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
  10. ^ "Families flood village for donkey derby and dog show". East London and West Essex Guardian. 14 July 2013. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
  11. ^ "THEYDON BOIS: Donkey Derby cancelled due to waterlogged field". East London and West Essex Guardian. 10 July 2012. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
  12. ^ "THEYDON BOIS: Villagers show their support at damp delayed Donkey Derby". East London and West Essex Guardian. 24 September 2012. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
  13. ^ "Theydon Bois and District Rural Preservation Society". Theydon Bois Village. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g "Theydon Bois Village Web Site - Home Page". www.theydon.org.uk. Archived from the original on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
  15. ^ "Luxury New Apartments | Theydon Bois | Essex". Banner Homes. Archived from the original on 12 January 2014. Retrieved 12 January 2014.
  16. ^ "Transport Changes" (PDF). Epping Town Council. 30 August 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 April 2012.
  17. ^ Hasell, Nick (25 June 2007). "Business big shot: David Sullivan". The Times. Archived from the original on 12 June 2011.

External links[edit]