Thielert Centurion

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Centurion
Thielert Centurion 4.0 f.jpg
Thielert Centurion 4.0
Type Aircraft Diesel engine
Manufacturer Thielert
Major applications Diamond DA42

The Thielert Centurion is a series of Diesel cycle aircraft engines for general aviation originally built by Thielert, which was bought by Aviation Industry Corporation of China's Tecnify Motors subsidiary and is currently marketed by Continental Motors.[1] They are based on heavily modified Mercedes-Benz automotive engines.

Design[edit]

All Centurion engines are water-cooled, turbocharged, and employ a single-lever digital engine management system (FADEC). This simplifies engine management for the pilot, as well as improving reliability as it prevents the engine being operated improperly. The series utilizes either jet fuel or diesel fuel. The high compression ratio of the engine combined with the digitally controlled fuel injection system mirrors similar advances in automotive technology.[citation needed]

Centurion series engines are always fitted with constant speed propellers which allow the engine to be operated at optimum speed at all times. However, the normal operating speed is too high for any suitable propeller and so the propeller is driven through a reduction gearbox. The constant speed propeller and reduction gear result in a propeller tip speed that is 10-15% lower than comparable conventional avgas engines, reducing propeller noise.[citation needed]

The Diesel engine's high compression results in better fuel efficiency and the higher operating rpm of the Centurion allows higher power to be developed from a smaller displacement, in comparison to conventional aircraft piston engines.[citation needed]

A Centurion engine complete with CSU, reduction gearbox, turbocharger and FADEC engine management system is considerably heavier than the more conventional Continental and Lycoming engines with which it competes, but this weight disadvantage is compensated by the Centurion's lower fuel consumption. Even though they lack the magnetos and spark plugs of conventional petrol (gas) piston engines, Centurion engines are considerably more complex.[citation needed][2]

Variants[edit]

Centurion 1.7 installation in a Diamond DA42

Centurion 1.7 - Continental CD-135[edit]

The first product introduced by Thielert, a 1689 cm³ (103 in³) engine producing 135 hp (101 kW) is based on the Mercedes-Benz OM668 engine from Mercedes-Benz A-Class A 170 CDI (W168) with 80 mm bore and 84 mm stroke. Until the end of 2006, when production ceased in favor of the Centurion 2.0, more than 1,500 Centurion 1.7 had been built. The in-service record of the 1.7 has been poor,[citation needed] with a combination of design, service and support issues causing widespread customer dissatisfaction,[3] and resulting in Diamond designing its own engines under the Austro label, as an alternative to Thielert.
Centurion 2.0

The engines were later marketed as the CD-135 by Continental Engines. The engines produced in St. Egidien, Germany were granted final assembly in Fairhope, Alabama for the U.S. retrofit market in 2015.[4]

Centurion 2.0[edit]

Introduced in late 2006. The main difference is a new Mercedes-Benz OM640 engine cylinder block from the Mercedes-Benz A 200 CDI (W169) with a displacement of 1991 cm3 (Ø83 x 92 mm). Other improvements include a more compact FADEC, a lighter cast gearbox housing, interfaces for glass cockpits and a new service tool that allows the FADEC to be programmed in the field. Dimensions of the Centurion 2.0 and 1.7 are nearly identical and the install kits are compatible, so a 1.7 at the end of its life can be replaced with a 2.0. The Centurion 2.0 is rated for a power output of 135 hp (101 kW), the same as the 1.7, but is EASA and FAA certified for 155 hp (116 kW). It has accumulated more than 1,000,000 flight hours without mechanical failures as of April 2008.

Centurion 2.0 S[edit]

This 4-cylinder turbodiesel common rail direct injection with redundant FADEC control offers 155 hp (116 kW) providing a significant power increase compared to the 135 hp (101 kW) Centurion 2.0 for no additional weight.[5][6] An engine kit may cost $89,000.[2]

Centurion 3.2[edit]

Intended to fill the gap between the Centurion 2.0 and the 4.0 and designed to produce 230 hp (172 kW). Development is largely complete, but the project is on hold.[citation needed]
A Centurion 4.0 on display

Centurion 4.0[edit]

Designed as a larger engine to replace the 300 hp (224 kW) gasoline engines, this new V8 design produces 350 hp (261 kW) and was developed from the Mercedes-Benz OM629 automobile engine. Initially equipped with two turbochargers, later changed to a larger single turbocharger. Certified only for Jet A & A1. After the insolvency of Thielert in April 2008 all work on the Centurion 4.0 was frozen.[citation needed]

Continental CD-155[edit]

A development version of the Centurion 2.0, produced by Continental Motors, Inc. after their acquisition of Thielert, with an output of 155 hp (116 kW).[7]

Continental CD-300[edit]

The Continental variant of the six cylinder 3 liter Thielert Diesel, with an output of 310 hp (231 kW) at 2300 rpm.[8]

Applications[edit]

Centurion 1.7[edit]

Centurion 2.0[edit]

Centurion 3.2[edit]

Centurion 4.0[edit]

Continental CD-155[edit]

See also[edit]

Comparable engines
Related lists

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Little diesel big fuel savings". AOPA Pilot: 70. February 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Aero-TV: Doing It Diesel Style -- Glasair's New Diesel Offering" 29 August 2014. Accessed: 3 September 2014.
  3. ^ Bertorelli, Paul (2008-05-29). "Thielert's Flawed Economics (And Why the Company Knows It)". AVwebinsider. Retrieved April 26, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Continental Motors Group To Assemble Diesel Kits In U.S.". Retrieved 17 April 2015. 
  5. ^ "Featured Engine: Centurion 2.0S". GA Buyer Europe Magazine. December 2009. Retrieved 2013-08-27. 
  6. ^ "Centurion 2.0s – Jet Fuel Piston Engine with 155 hp". Centurion Engines. Retrieved 2013-08-28. 
  7. ^ Niles, Russ (28 July 2014). "Textron Introduces Diesel 172". AVweb. Retrieved 29 July 2014. 
  8. ^ "Continental Unveils V-6 Diesel - Rebranding Efforts". Sport Aviation: 16. September 2014. 
  9. ^ a b Federal Aviation Administration (November 2009). "Supplemental Type Certificate SA01303WI". Retrieved 19 May 2010. 
  10. ^ "STC for Piper PA". Centurion Engines. Retrieved 2013-08-27. 

External links[edit]