Thierry de Montbrial

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Thierry de Montbrial
Photo TdM.jpg
Born Thierry René Henri Magloire de Montbrial
(1943-03-03) March 3, 1943 (age 74)
Paris, France
Residence France
Alma mater Ecole Polytechnique, Corps des Mines, Berkeley University
Occupation Founder and Executive Chairman of the Institut français des relations internationales, Founder and Chairman of the World Policy Conference
Spouse(s) Marie-Christine de Montbrial (married 1967)
Children Thibault de Montbrial, Alexandra Pilleux-de Montbrial
Website www.thierrydemontbrial.com/en/

Thierry de Montbrial (born 3 March 1943) is the Executive Chairman of the French Institute of International Relations (Ifri), which he founded in 1979.[1] He is also the founder and Chairman of the World Policy Conference (WPC), which he created in 2008.[2] He has been a member of the French Academy of Moral and Political Sciences since 1992,[3] and he was President of the Institut de France. He is an honorary member of numerous foreign academies.

Biography[edit]

Montbrial is the son of François, inspector-general of the Bank of France and Monique Lecuyer-Corthis. He married Marie-Christine de Montbrial (née Balling) in 1967, who is a movie producer (StarDance Pictures) and daughter of Charles Balling (born in 1912; Ecole Polytechnique in 1935). He is the father of Thibault de Montbrial, lawyer and of Alexandra Pilleux-de Montbrial.

Education[edit]

Montbrial graduated from the École Polytechnique (1963) and from the École des Mines (1969) as a general engineer.[4] He received his doctorate in Economics from the University of California, Berkeley in the United States. He wrote his doctoral thesis at Berkeley on the time dimension in the economic theory of general equilibrium, directed by the professor Gérard Debreu (Nobel Prize of Economy, 1983).[4]

Career[edit]

As a Corps des Mines engineer, Montbrial chaired the department of Economics of the Ecole Polytechnique between 1974 and 1992.[4] He was a professor at the Ecole Polytechnique (1973-2008) and also chaired the department of Applied Economics and International Relations at the Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (CNAM) between 1995 and 2008.[4] Since then, he has been a Professor Emeritus at the Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers.[5]

In 1973, Michel Jobert, then Minister for Foreign Affairs of France, put him in charge of setting up the Center of Analysis and Prevision (CAP) for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He then became the first Head Director of the Policy Planning Staff until 1979,[4] prior to Jean-Louis Gergorin.[6][7][8][9][10]

In 1979, Montbrial created the French Institute of Foreign Relations (Ifri),[11] which publishes – among others – the annual report RAMSES (yearly global report on the economic system and strategies)[12] and the periodical Politique étrangère (foreign policy).[13]

In 2008, Montbrial founded the World Policy Conference (WPC), an annual meeting which addresses global governance issues and which gathers political, economic and social leaders. The latest edition took place in Montreux (Switzerland) from November 20-22nd 2015.[14]

Montbrial was also Chairman of the French-Austrian Centre for European Economic Convergence (CFA) between 1985 and 2015. Between 1993 and 2001, he was the inaugural Chairman of the Foundation for Strategic Research.[4] He is a regular contributor to the media, and was notably a columnist for the daily Le Monde (2002- 2010), after being a columnist for Le Figaro (1989- 2001).[4]

Montbrial is on the Board of several institutions and international companies. He is – among others – member of the International Advisory Board of Lafarge[15] and Chairman of the International Advisory Board of the Group OCP (Morocco), and member of the Board of Directors of the Renault Foundation. He was a member of the Advisory Council of the WTO Secretary General, Geneva (2003- 2005), member of the Commission Defense and National Security White Paper (2007-2008) and member of the Steering Committee for the Bilderberg Meetings (1976-2011).[16]

Montbrial is a member of the Advisory Committee of the Peterson Institute for International Economics (Washington),[4] the Carnegie Moscow Center, the Advisory Council of the Stanford Institute for International Studies and the Editorial Board of Russia in Global Affairs (Moscow).[4] He is also a member of the Fondation Ecologie d'Avenir since 2011.[17]

Academies[edit]

Montbrial was elected at the French Academy of Moral and Political Sciences on June 29, 1992.[3] He was Chairman of this academy in 2001[3] and of the Institut de France at the same time. He is a founding member of the Académie des Technologies (2000).[18] He is also a member of the Academia Europaea (elected in March 1993),[19] the Royal Academy of Belgium (elected in January 1996),[20] the Swedish Royal Academy of Engineering Sciences (elected in 1999),[21] the Romanian Academy (elected in December 1999),[22][23] the Academy of Science of Russia (elected in May 2003),[24] the Academy of Science of Moldavia (elected in January 2006),[25] the Academy of Science of Bulgaria (elected in July 2006)[4][26] and in 2010 was accepted as corresponding academician in the Royal Academy of Economics and Financial Sciences of Spain.[27]

Montbrial is Doctor Honoris Causa of the Romanian Academy for economic studies (1996),[28] the Academy of Science of Azerbaidjan (2002),[4] the University of Brasov, Romania (2003), the University of Galatasaray, Turkey (2004), the State University of Chisinau, Moldavia (2005), the State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO) of Moscow (2007), the University of Bucarest, Romania (2011), Iasi, Romania (2014)[4] and of Sofia University, Bulgaria[29] (2017).

Distinctions and State honors[edit]

Bibliography[4][edit]

  • Notre intérêt national, (dir. avec T. Gomart), Odile Jacob, 2017
  • La pensée et l’action, Académie roumaine, 2016
  • Une goutte d'eau et l'océan - Journal d'une quête de sens, Albin Michel, 2015
  • My Romanian Journal, Editura RAO, 2012 (Bilingual edition: in Romanian and French)
  • Journal de Russie – 1977 - 2011, 2012
  • Vingt ans qui bouleversèrent le monde, édition Dunod, 2008
  • Violence : de la psychologie à la politique, (dir. avec S. Jansen), Fondation Singer Polignac, Bruylant, Bruxelles, 2007
  • Il est nécessaire d'espérer pour entreprendre, édition des Syrtes, 2006
  • Géographie politique, collection "Que Sais-je ?", PUF, 2006
  • L’Identité de la France et l’Europe, (dir. avec S. Jansen), Fondation Singer Polignac, Bruylant, Bruxelles, 2005
  • La guerre et la diversité du monde, L'Aube - Le Monde, 2004
  • Pratiques de la négociation (dir., avec S. Jansen), Bruylant/LGDG, 2004
  • Quinze ans qui bouleversèrent le monde, Dunod, October 2003
  • Réformes-révolutions - Le cas de la France (dir.), PUF, 2003
  • L'action et le système du monde, PUF, February 2002, 2nd edition, collection "Quadrige", October 2003, couronné par le prix Georges Pompidou
  • La France du nouveau siècle (dir.), PUF, February 2002
  • Dictionnaire de Stratégie (co-directeur avec Jean Klein), PUF, November 2000
  • Pour combattre les pensées uniques, Flammarion, 2000
  • Introduction à l’économie, Dunod, 1999, 2nd ed. 2002
  • Mémoire du temps présent, Flammarion, 1996, couronné par le Prix des Ambassadeurs
  • Que Faire ? Les grandes manoeuvres du monde, La Manufacture, 1990
  • La science économique ou la stratégie des rapports de l'homme vis-à-vis des ressources rares : méthodes et modèles, PUF, 1988
  • La revanche de l'Histoire, Julliard, 1985
  • L'Energie : le compte à rebours, J.CL. Lattès, 1978
  • Le Désordre économique mondial, Calmann-Lévy, 1974
  • Essais d'économie parétienne, Ed. CNRS, 1974
  • Economie théorique, PUF, 1971

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Les missions de l'Ifri". www.ifri.org. Retrieved 2016-09-27. 
  2. ^ "World Policy Conference  » The World Policy Conference". www.worldpolicyconference.com. Retrieved 2016-09-27. 
  3. ^ a b c "ASMP - Thierry de Montbrial". www.asmp.fr. Retrieved 2016-09-27. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Biography | Thierry de Montbrial". www.thierrydemontbrial.com. Retrieved 2016-09-27. 
  5. ^ "Le système international aujourd'hui" (in French). Retrieved 2016-09-27. 
  6. ^ CV sur le site www.thierrydemontbrial.com et le site de l'IFRI
  7. ^ ifri
  8. ^ "conseil". cepii.fr. 
  9. ^ EMarrakech
  10. ^ Lematin.ma
  11. ^ "Thierry de Montbrial, Founder and Executive chairman". www.ifri.org. Retrieved 2016-09-27. 
  12. ^ "Publications | IFRI - Institut français des relations internationales". www.ifri.org. Retrieved 2016-09-27. 
  13. ^ "Politique étrangère". www.ifri.org. Retrieved 2016-09-27. 
  14. ^ "Discours d’ouverture de la 8e édition de la World Policy Conference par Thierry de Montbrial". www.ifri.org. Retrieved 2016-09-27. 
  15. ^ "International Advisory Board". 2015-02-06. Retrieved 2016-09-27. 
  16. ^ "Voici la liste du club Bilderberg des " maîtres du monde "". Rue89. Retrieved 2016-09-27. 
  17. ^ "La fondation de Claude Allègre recrute le gratin scientifique et médiatique" (in French). Retrieved 2016-09-27. 
  18. ^ "Thierry DE MONTBRIAL - Académie des technologies". www.academie-technologies.fr. Retrieved 2016-09-27. 
  19. ^ Hoffmann, Ilire Hasani, Robert. "Academy of Europe: Montbrial Thierry". www.ae-info.org. Retrieved 2016-09-27. 
  20. ^ "Thierry de Montbrial". www.academieroyale.be (in French). Retrieved 2016-09-28. 
  21. ^ "Annual Report of the Swedish Royal Academy of Engineering Sciences" (PDF). 
  22. ^ "The Romanian Academy – 150 Years in the Service of the Romanian Nation | Nine O`Clock". www.nineoclock.ro. Retrieved 2016-09-27. 
  23. ^ "Academia Romana (membri din strainatate)". www.acad.ro (in Romanian). Retrieved 2016-09-28. 
  24. ^ "Де Монбриаль Т.. - Общая информация". www.ras.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2016-09-28. 
  25. ^ "Details of ASM members". www.asm.md. Retrieved 2016-09-28. 
  26. ^ "Foreign Members". Retrieved 2016-09-28. 
  27. ^ His profile as academician can be found here <https://racef.es/es/academicos/correspondiente-extranjero/excmo-sr-dr-d-thierry-de-montbrial>
  28. ^ "The 3rd International Conference 'Economic Scientific Research - Theoretical, Empirical and Practical Approaches'". www.conferinte-ince.ro. Retrieved 2016-09-27. 
  29. ^ "La France à Sofia on Twitter". Twitter (in French). Retrieved 2017-05-11. 
  30. ^ a b PLOQUIN, Par JEAN-CHRISTOPHE (2015-03-27). "Thierry de Montbrial, éloge de la goutte d’eau". La Croix (in French). ISSN 0242-6056. Retrieved 2016-09-27. 
  31. ^ http://www.culturecommunication.gouv.fr/Ministere/Services-rattaches-a-la-ministre/Section-des-distinctions-honorifiques/Arretes-de-Nominations-dans-l-ordre-des-Arts-et-des-Lettres/Nomination-dans-l-ordre-des-Arts-et-des-Lettres-janvier-2016

External links[edit]