Thiers, Puy-de-Dôme

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Thiers
Saint-Genès church
Saint-Genès church
Thiers is located in France
Thiers
Thiers
Coordinates: 45°51′26″N 3°32′54″E / 45.8572°N 3.5483°E / 45.8572; 3.5483Coordinates: 45°51′26″N 3°32′54″E / 45.8572°N 3.5483°E / 45.8572; 3.5483
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Department Puy-de-Dôme
Arrondissement Thiers
Canton Thiers
Intercommunality Thiers communauté
Government
 • Mayor (2012–2018) Claude Nowotny
Area1 44.49 km2 (17.18 sq mi)
Population (2013)2 11,302
 • Density 250/km2 (660/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 63430 / 63300
Elevation 283–793 m (928–2,602 ft)
(avg. 450 m or 1,480 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Thiers (pronounced: [tjɛːʁ]; Auvergnat: Tièrn) is a commune in the Puy-de-Dôme department in Auvergne in central France. Thiers is a French municipality situated in the department of Puy-de-Dôme in region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes.

It is one of the four sub-prefectures of the department with Ambert, Issoire and Riom. The district of Thiers consists of forty-three municipalities distributed between six cantons. The inhabitants are known as Thiernois or Bitords.

Thiers is the world capital of knife manufacturing, with about one hundred companies in this domain and a museum of the cutlery industry; seventy percent of knives produced in France for the pocket, the kitchen or the table are made by companies in Thiers. The know-how of the thiernois cutlers draws its origins from a continuous tradition over more than seven centuries.

The city is divided into two different parts: the low city (where we find hypermarkets) and the upper city (the medieval city). "Stretched" on more of 7km of length on a rocky spur overhanging the nearby mountains and the nearby villages, Thiers was for a long time a very tourist city thanks to its city center, very picturesque, and its cutlery industry. The city nowadays is the sixth tourist destination in Auvergne.

The Hôtel du Pirou (15th century).

Evolution of the population[edit]

In 2013, the municipality counted 11,308 inhabitants. The growth of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses made in the municipality since 1793. From the 21st century, the censuses (inventories) of the municipalities of more than 10,000 inhabitants take place every year following a sample survey, unlike the other municipalities which have an actual census (inventory) every five years.


1793:11 970 1800=10 605 1806=10 743 1821=11 497 1831=09 836 1836=09 982 1841=09 981 1846=13 284 1851=13 964 1856=15 192 1861=15 902 1866=16 069 1872=16 635 1876=16 343 1881=15 333 1886=16 754 1891=16 814 1896=17 135 1901=18 325 1906=19 418 1911=19 837 1921=18 839 1926=17 859 1931=16 383 1936=16 181 1946=15 409 1954=16 243 1962=16 369 1968=16 623 1975=16 567 1982=16 018 1990=14 832 1999=13 338 2006=12 194 2008=12 045 2011=11 232 2013=11 308

A first peak of the population was reached(affected) in 1911 with 19 837 inhabitants before a reduction until go out of the Second World War and an ascent(rise) towards a new peak in 1968. From 1980s, the municipal population accuses a strong reduction...

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/fr/timeline/474c500fdc52c0dc5e7a4799007e3802.png

Economy[edit]

Thiers is famous for its knives, blades and cutlery industry. The town has a museum in the old quarter, portraying the history of knife-making. Further along the valley, the industrial heritage museum, l'Usine du May, opened in 2009. Modern factories include Forges Gorce who make blades for agricultural machinery from hedge trimmers to combine harvesters, part of McConnel Alamo group.[1]

Media links[edit]

The town was featured in François Truffaut's 1976 film Small Change. It is the birthplace of journalist Claire Chazal and actor Zinedine Soualem.

See also[edit]

International relations[edit]

The city of Thiers is twinned with the cities of

Bridgnorth, United Kingdom since 1978, county of Shropshire, West Midlands (12,000 inhabitants) and Schrobenhausen, Germany since 1986, district of High Bavaria (16,000 inhabitants).

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Thiers is twinned with:[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shropshire businessman expanding French operations, Shropshire Star, 2010-11-02
  2. ^ a b c d "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Retrieved 2013-12-26. 

[1] "Златоуст и Тьер - города-побратимы"

External links[edit]

Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Thiers". Encyclopædia Britannica 26 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 849–850.