Thimi Mitko

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Thimi Mitko
Thimi Mitko, Albanian writer and Folklorist.jpg
Born Efthim Mitko
Korçë, Ottoman Empire
Died March 22, 1890
Beni Suef, Egypt
Occupation Merchant, folklorist, writer
Known for "Bleta shqypëtare" collection

Thimi (Efthim) Mitko (1820 – March 22, 1890) was an activist of the Albanian National Awakening and folklorist.[1]

Mitko was born in Korçë, Albania (then Ottoman Empire), where he attended the local Greek school. His uncle, Peti Mitko, had been one of the leaders of the Albanian Revolt of 1847 in Korçë and Tepelenë against the Turkish Tanzimat legislation.[2] Both left Albania in 1850, moving first to Athens, Greece, then to Plovdiv, Bulgaria and finally to Vienna, Austria, where Thimi Mitko worked as a tailor. In 1866, he emigrated to Egypt, devoting himself to the Albanian nationalist movement and setting up a successful trading business in Beni Suef where he died on 1890.[2]

Mitko collected Albanian folklore material from 1866. He corresponded with Jeronim De Rada, Dhimitër Kamarda, Dora d'Istria, Jan Urban Jarník, Kostandin Kristoforidhi, and Gustav Meyer, providing Camarda with folksongs, riddles and tales for the latter's collection. Mitko's own collection of Albanian folklore, consisting of folk songs, tales and popular sayings from southern Albania was published in the Greek-Albanian journal Alvaniki melissa (Belietta Sskiypetare)[3] (The Albanian Bee) Alexandria, Egypt on 1878. According to Mitko, the collection was meant to provide Egypt's flourishing Albanian community with information about Albanian customs. The work was reedited by Gjergj Pekmezi in Vienna in 1924 under the title Bleta shqypëtare e Thimi Mitkos.[4] Mitko was also the author of numerous articles in European periodicals in support of the Albanian cause. He also wrote articles in the Greek magazine Pandora.[5] Mitko in one of his works claims that the majority of the Albanian people supported the idea that they should remain part of the Ottoman Empire.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Jacques E. Edwin, The Albanians: An Ethnic History from Prehistoric Times to the Present, p. 298.
  2. ^ a b Mathias Bernath; Felix von Schroeder; Gerda Bartl (1979). Biographisches Lexikon zur Geschichte Südosteuropas. Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag. pp. 224–. ISBN 978-3-486-48991-0. Retrieved 7 May 2011. 
  3. ^ Alvaniki melissa (Belietta Sskiypetare) syngramma alvano - ellinkon periechon : meros istorias "Dora d'Istrias - i Alvaniki fyli", Alvano - Ellinikas Paroimias kai Ainigmata, Alvanika kyria onomata, Asmata kai Paramythia Alvanika, kai Alvano - Ellinikon lexiologion ....
  4. ^ Thimi Mitko, Georg Pekmezi: Bleta shqypëtare (1924).
  5. ^ Elias G. Skoulidas (2013), The Albanian Greek-Orthodox Intellectuals, Hronos Online, As a subscriber of Pandora he answered to some points of Panagiotis Aravantinos, claiming that the majority of the population in Korça (Korytsa) were Albanians and not Aromanians. 
  6. ^ Kondis Basil. Greece and Albania, 1908-1914. Institute for Balkan Studies; University of New York, 1976, p. 28