In mathematics, a posetal category, or thin category, is a category whose homsets each contain at most one morphism. As such a posetal category amounts to a preordered class (or a preordered set, if its objects form a set). As suggested by the name, the further requirement that the category be skeletal is often assumed for the definition of "posetal"; in the case of a category that is posetal, being skeletal is equivalent to the requirement that the only isomorphisms are the identity morphisms, equivalently that the preordered set satisfies antisymmetry and hence is a poset.
All diagrams commute in a posetal category. When the commutative diagrams of a category are interpreted as a typed equational theory whose objects are the types, a posetal category corresponds to an inconsistent theory understood as one satisfying the axiom x = y at all types.
Some lattice theoretic structures are definable as posetal categories of a certain kind, usually with the stronger assumption of being skeletal. For example a poset may be defined as a posetal category, a distributive lattice as a posetal distributive category, a Heyting algebra as a posetal finitely cocomplete cartesian closed category, and a Boolean algebra as a posetal finitely cocomplete *-autonomous category. Conversely, categories, distributive categories, finitely cocomplete cartesian closed categories, and finitely cocomplete *-autonomous categories can be considered the respective categorifications of posets, distributive lattices, Heyting algebras, and Boolean algebras.