Thionck Essyl

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Thionck Essyl
Tionk Essil
Town
Thionck Essyl is located in Senegal
Thionck Essyl
Thionck Essyl
Coordinates: 12°47′8″N 16°31′18″W / 12.78556°N 16.52167°W / 12.78556; -16.52167Coordinates: 12°47′8″N 16°31′18″W / 12.78556°N 16.52167°W / 12.78556; -16.52167
Country Senegal
Region Ziguinchor
Department Bignona
Government
Elevation 16 m (52 ft)
Population (2007)
 • Total 8,507

Thionck Essyl (also called Tionk Essil) is a town in Ziguinchor, Senegal, located 65 km north-west of the region capital.

Etymology[edit]

The name of the town means "cook remaining crouched."[1]

History[edit]

The origins of the town are connected to the kingdom of Mof-Ewi, when it was populated by defectors from Guinea-Bissau.[1] Long considered the largest village in Senegal,[2] the village was urbanized in 1990.

Administration[edit]

Thionck Essyl is part of the arrondissement of Tendouck in Bignona, Ziguinchor.

Geography[edit]

The nearest towns are Hilol, Mantat, Etouta, Mlomp, Tendouck, and Djimande.

Population[edit]

The population is primarily Jola. Some sources[1][3] suggest that more than 10000 people live in Thionck Essyl, however the census of 2002 stated that the town's population was only 8006 living in 1021 households.[4] According to official estimates, the population was supposed to reach 8507 by the end of 2007.[5] According to PEPAM (Water and Sanitation Program for the Millennium), however, there are currently 6954 people and 968 households in Thionck Essyl.[6]

Economy[edit]

The borders of the town do not lend themselves to easy growth. The town hospital is not very functional because it lacks qualified staff. There is a high school in the town.

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Annie Cheneau-Loquay (1979). Thionck-Essyl en Basse Casamance. Évolution récente de la gestion des ressources renouvelables (in French). Université de Bordeaux III. p. 336. 
  • Michel Sagna (2003). Alphabétisation, lutte contre la pauvreté et développement effets du programme Caravane de l'alphabétisation au Sénégal sur les populations et le milieu rural sénégalais : cas des localités de Thionck Essyl et Pare Cissé (in French). Ottawa: National Library of Canada/Bibliothèque nationale du Canada. ISBN 0-612-72603-7. 
  • Mathilde Krul (1989). Projekten en leiders in Thionck-Essyl, Senegal (in Dutch). Vrije Universiteit. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Les descendants du royaume de Mof-Ewi". Petit futé Sénégal: 221. 2007–2008. 
  2. ^ Monique Bertrand; Alain Dubresson (1997). Petites et moyennes villes d'Afrique noire. Karthala. p. 120. ISBN 2-86537-743-1. 
  3. ^ "Les Amis de Thionck-Essyl". 
  4. ^ Ministère de l'Économie et des Finances (January 2004). Projections de population du Sénégal issues du recensement de 2002 (PDF). Direction de la Prévision et de la Statistique. p. 22. 
  5. ^ Ministère de l'Économie et des Finances (January 2006). Estimation de la population du Sénégal de 2005 à 2015. Direction de la Prévision et de la Statistique. p. 19. 
  6. ^ "PEPAM". 

External links[edit]

Cooperation has been established with medical doctors from Barcelona.