Third/Sister Lovers

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Third
Big Star-3rd.jpg
Studio album by Big Star
Released 1978
Recorded Fall 1974
Studio Ardent Studios, Memphis, Tennessee
Genre Power pop
Length 43:15 (1978 PVC release)
55:13 (1992 Rykodisc CD with bonus tracks)
Label PVC
Producer Jim Dickinson
Big Star chronology
Radio City
(1974)Radio City1974
Third/Sister Lovers
(1978)
Live
(1992)Live1992
Alternative cover
Cover of the 1992 Rykodisc reissue
Cover of the 1992 Rykodisc reissue

Third (reissued in 1985 as Third/Sister Lovers[1]) is the third album by American rock band Big Star. Sessions started at Ardent Studios in September 1974. Though Ardent created promotional, white-label test pressings for the record in 1975, a combination of financial issues, the uncommercial sound of the record, and lack of interest from singer Alex Chilton and drummer Jody Stephens in continuing the project prevented the album from ever being properly finished or released at the time of its recording. It was eventually released in 1978 by PVC Records.

After two commercially unsuccessful albums, Third documents the band's deterioration as well as the declining mental state of singer Alex Chilton. It has since gone on to become one of the most critically acclaimed albums in history and is considered a cult album. Rolling Stone placed the album at number 449 on its "500 Greatest Albums of All Time" list.[2]

Composition and recording[edit]

After the commercial failure of Big Star's first two albums, #1 Record (1972) and Radio City (1974), Alex Chilton and Jody Stephens returned to Ardent Studios in late 1974—accompanied by what biographer Bruce Eaton describes as "a large and revolving cast of Memphis musicians"—to record, under producer Jim Dickinson, "a batch of starkly personal, often experimental, and by turns beautiful and haunting songs that were anything but straight-up power pop."[3] Ardent's John Fry, producer of the first two albums and also involved with the third, recalled that the sessions were burdened by severe personal issues; Eaton tells how Fry "finally called a halt to the escalating madness" and the album was mastered by Larry Nix on February 13, 1975.[4]

Different opinions exist regarding the categorization of Third as a Big Star album. According to Chilton, "Jody and I were hanging together as a unit still but we didn't see it as a Big Star record. We never saw it as a Big Star record. That was a marketing decision when the record was sold in whatever year that was sold. And they didn't ask me anything about it and they never have asked me anything about it." Stephens said, "I've seen it in different ways. To a great extent it is an Alex solo record ... It's Alex's focus, it's his emotional state of being but I brought in the string section for the one song I wrote and Alex hit it off with Carl Marsh ... and started using Carl and the string section for other things. What would that album have been like if it didn't have the strings?" According to Eaton, the mastering card identifies Chilton as the recording artist.[4] Jovanovic, meanwhile, notes, "Whether the band was still called Big Star is debatable. The session sheets have the band name 'Sister Lovers' (Chilton and Stephens were dating Lesa and Holliday Aldridge at the time) clearly written on them. This may well have been a joke, although Chilton and Stephens did use the Sister Lovers name for a radio broadcast in early 1975."[5] Lesa Aldridge, a cousin of photographer and Radio City album cover creator William Eggleston, contributed vocals and was, in the words of Dickinson, "a big, big part of the record". Dickinson said that Chilton, whose relationship with Aldridge was stormy, "reached a point ... where he started to go back and erase her—there was a lot more of Lesa on the album than there is now".[6] During the sessions, Chilton recalled, "Jim and I did all sorts of weird things ... in off hours here and there".[4] Steve Cropper contributed guitar work to a cover of The Velvet Underground's "Femme Fatale".

Release[edit]

In 1978 the tapes were acquired by the PVC label and given their first official release. Third was first released by Aura Records in London in 1978. The PVC release in the US came later that year. Numerous reissues by other labels on vinyl and CD would follow, often varying the title, running order, and cover art, as no 'definitive' version had ever been agreed upon by the band. In addition to the original songs, covers of The Kinks' "'Till the End of the Day" and Jerry Lee Lewis' "Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On" were variously included or omitted. The 1992 CD release on Rykodisc, assembled with Jim Dickinson's involvement, was regarded as the first attempt at a presentation of the original album concept devised by Dickinson and the band in 1974. In October 2016, Omnivore Recordings released Complete Third, a box set that includes every demo, rough mix, outtake, alternate take, and final master from the Third sessions ever known to exist.

Reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic 5/5 stars[7]
Robert Christgau A−[8]
Rolling Stone 5/5 stars[9]
Tiny Mix Tapes favorable[10]
Treble favorable[11]

Like Big Star's first two albums, Third/Sister Lovers did not have commercial success at the time of its release but has more recently attracted wider interest. In AllMusic's retrospective review of the album, the website gave it five stars out of five, calling it a "shambling wreck of an album" while at the same time "among the most harrowing experiences in pop music; impassioned, erratic, and stark" and "the slow, sinking sound of a band falling apart".[7]

Accolades[edit]

It was listed on David Keenan's "The Best Albums Ever...Honest" by the Scottish newspaper The Sunday Herald.[12] In 2012, the album was ranked number 449 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time.[13]

It was ranked #1 at the Top 30 "Heartbreak" albums of all time by NME.[14]

Third was also listed at number 31 on NME's "Darkest Albums Ever: 50 of the Best".[15]

"Kanga Roo" and "Holocaust" were both covered by This Mortal Coil on the band's debut LP, It'll End in Tears. The 1992 Rykodisc CD release of Third/Sister Lovers includes a "thank you" to This Mortal Coil in the liner notes in acknowledgment of this. "Holocaust" was also covered by Placebo on the band's single for Slave to the Wage in 2000 and can also be found on their compilation Covers. "Take Care" was covered by Yo La Tengo on Summer Sun. "Kangaroo" was released by Jeff Buckley on his posthumous live album Mystery White Boy; another version can be found on the legacy edition of his album Grace.

Australian doom band Rote Mare covered "Holocaust" for their 2013 album 'The Invocation'.

Track listing[edit]

The album sessions have been issued in three vinyl and 4 CD formats featuring different song selections and/or running orders, plus as a comprehensive 3 CD set including demos and rough mixes.[16]

Ardent Test Pressing, 1975[edit]

Side A

  1. "Stroke It Noel"
  2. "Downs"
  3. "Femme Fatale" (Lou Reed)
  4. "Thank You Friends"
  5. "Holocaust"
  6. "Jesus Christ"
  7. "Blue Moon"

Side B

  1. "Kizza Me"
  2. "Sometimes" [working title of "For You"]
  3. "O, Dana"
  4. "Nighttime"
  5. "Whole Lotta Shakin' Going On" (Dave Williams)
  6. "Kanga Roo"
  7. "Take Care"

The Third Album[edit]

'Aura Records UK LP, 1978 (first release)

Side A

  1. "Kizza Me"
  2. "You Can’t Have Me"
  3. "Jesus Christ"
  4. "Downs"
  5. "Whole Lotta Shakin' Going On" (Dave Williams)
  6. "Thank You Friends"

Side B

  1. "O, Dana"
  2. "Femme Fatale" (Lou Reed)
  3. "Stroke It Noel"
  4. "Holocaust"
  5. "Nighttime"
  6. "Kanga Roo"

(This version removes "Sometimes" ("For You"), "Blue Moon," and "Take Care" from the test pressing and adds "You Can't Have Me.")

3rd[edit]

PVC US LP, 1978'

Side A

  1. "Stroke It Noel"
  2. "For You"
  3. "Kizza Me"
  4. "You Can't Have Me"
  5. "Nighttime"
  6. "Blue Moon"
  7. "Take Care"

Side B

  1. "Jesus Christ"
  2. "Femme Fatale" (Lou Reed)
  3. "O, Dana"
  4. "Big Black Car"
  5. "Holocaust"
  6. "Kanga Roo"
  7. "Thank You Friends"

(This version removes "Downs" and "Whole Lotta Shakin' Going On" from the test pressing and substitutes "You Can't Have Me" and "Big Black Car." This song selection was subsequently used for the non-bonus tracks (1 through 14) of the Rykodisc CD.)

Big Star's 3rd: Sister Lovers, Sister Lovers: The Third Album and The Third Album/Sister Lovers[edit]

PVC CD (US), Castle/Dojo Communications CD/LP (UK), and Line Records CD (Germany), all 1987

(The three CDs feature the same 17 tracks, but in almost entirely different running orders. This order is for the US edition; the numbers following are the track numbers on the UK and German editions.)

  1. "Jesus Christ" (6, 3)
  2. "Femme Fatale" (3, 8)
  3. "O Dana" (13, 7)
  4. "Kizza Me" (11, 1)
  5. "You Can't Have Me" (9, 2)
  6. "Nighttime" (14, 11)
  7. "Dream Lover" (8, 16)
  8. "Blue Moon" (7, 15)
  9. "Take Care" (17, 14)
  10. "Stroke It Noel" (1, 9)
  11. "For You" (12, 13)
  12. "Downs" (2, 4)
  13. "Whole Lotta Shakin' Going On" (15,5)
  14. "Big Black Car" (10, 17)
  15. "Holocaust" (5, 10)
  16. "Kanga Roo" (16, 12)
  17. "Thank You Friends" (4, 6)

(These versions add "Dream Lover" to the 16 previously released songs. The US and UK running orders have no segues in common. The German edition shares "Kizza Me" / "You Can't Have Me" and "Downs" / "Whole Lotta Shakin' Going On" with the U.S. edition and "Blue Moon" / "Dream Lover" with the U.K.)

Third/Sister Lovers[edit]

Rykodisc Edition, 1992 This version created by Jim Dickinson is alleged to reflect the band's original intentions for the album.

All songs written by Alex Chilton, except where noted.

  1. "Kizza Me" – 2:44
  2. "Thank You Friends" – 3:05
  3. "Big Black Car" – 3:35
  4. "Jesus Christ" – 2:37
  5. "Femme Fatale" – 3:28 (Lou Reed)
  6. "O, Dana" – 2:34
  7. "Holocaust" – 3:47
  8. "Kangaroo" – 3:46
  9. "Stroke It Noel" – 2:04
  10. "For You" – 2:41 (Jody Stephens)
  11. "You Can't Have Me" – 3:11
  12. "Nightime" – 2:53
  13. "Blue Moon" – 2:06
  14. "Take Care" – 2:46
  15. "Nature Boy" [bonus track] – 2:30 (eden ahbez)
  16. "Till the End of the Day" [bonus track] – 2:13 (Ray Davies)
  17. "Dream Lover" [bonus track] – 3:31
  18. "Downs" [bonus track] – 1:43 (Chilton, Lesa Alderidge)
  19. "Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin On" [bonus track] – 3:20 (Dave Williams)

Complete Third[edit]

Omnivore Recordings, 2016

Vol. 1: Demos To Sessions To Roughs

  1. "Like St. Joan (Kanga Roo) (Demo)" *
  2. "Lovely Day (Demo)"
  3. "Downs (Demo)"
  4. "Femme Fatale (Demo)"
  5. "Thank You Friends (Demo)"
  6. "Holocaust (Demo)"
  7. "Jesus Christ (Demo)"
  8. "Blue Moon (Demo)"
  9. "Nightime (Demo)" *
  10. "Take Care (Demo)"
  11. "Big Black Car (Demo #2/Acoustic Take 1)"
  12. "Don’t Worry Baby"
  13. "I’m In Love With A Girl" *
  14. "Big Black Car (Demo #3/Acoustic Take 2)"
  15. "I’m So Tired" * – Alex & Lesa
  16. "That’s All It Took" * – Alex & Lesa
  17. "Pre-Downs" *
  18. "Baby Strange" *
  19. "Big Black Car (Demo #1/Band)"
  20. "Kizza Me (Dickinson Rough Mix/Alex Guide Vocal)" *
  21. "Till the End Of the Day (Dickinson Rough Mix/Alex Guide Vocal, Kept As Final Vocal)" *
  22. "Thank You Friends (Dickinson Rough Mix/Alex Guide Vocal)" *
  23. "O, Dana (Dickinson Rough Mix)" *
  24. "Dream Lover (Dickinson Rough Mix)" *

Vol. 2: Roughs To Demos

  1. "Big Black Car (Dickinson Rough Mix/Alex Guide Vocal)" *
  2. "Whole Lotta Shakin’ Goin’ On (Dickinson Rough Mix)" *
  3. "Take Care (Dickinson Rough Mix)" *
  4. "Holocaust (Dickinson Rough Mix)" *
  5. "Nightime (Dickinson Rough Mix)" *
  6. "Thank You Friends (Dickinson Rough Mix)" *
  7. "Nature Boy (Dickinson Rough Mix)" *
  8. "After Hours" * – Lesa
  9. "Stroke It Noel (Backwards Intro)"
  10. "Lovely Day (Fry Rough Mix)" *
  11. "Nightime (Fry Rough Mix)" *
  12. "Blue Moon (Fry Rough Mix)" *
  13. "Till The End Of The Day (Alternate Mix #1)"
  14. "Big Black Car (Fry Rough Mix)"
  15. "Holocaust (Fry Alternate/Rough Mix)"
  16. "Downs (Fry Rough Mix)" *
  17. "Kanga Roo (Fry Rough Mix)"
  18. "Femme Fatale (Fry Rough Mix)" *
  19. "For You (Alternate Version/Alex Vocal)" *
  20. "Thank You Friends (Fry Rough Mix)" *
  21. "Take Care (Alternate Version/Alex Vocal)" *
  22. "Kizza Me (Fry Rough Mix)" *
  23. "Till The End Of the Day (Fry Rough Mix #2)" – Lesa
  24. "Nature Boy (Fry Rough Mix)"
  25. "Mañana"

Vol. 3: Final Masters

  1. "Stroke It Noel"
  2. "Downs"
  3. "Femme Fatale"
  4. "Thank You Friends"
  5. "Holocaust"
  6. "Jesus Christ"
  7. "Blue Moon"
  8. "Kizza Me"
  9. "For You"
  10. "O, Dana"
  11. "Nightime"
  12. "Whole Lotta Shakin’ Goin’ On"
  13. "Kanga Roo"
  14. "Take Care"
  15. "Big Black Car"
  16. "Dream Lover"
  17. "You Can’t Have Me"
  18. "Till the End Of the Day"
  19. "Lovely Day"
  20. "Nature Boy"
  21. "Thank You Friends (A Cappella) – hidden/unlisted track

*previously unreleased tracks

Personnel[edit]

Big Star
Additional musicians

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Third/Sister Lovers". AllMusic. 
  2. ^ "500 Greatest Albums of All Time". Rolling Stone. Retrieved August 31, 2012. 
  3. ^ Eaton, 107.
  4. ^ a b c Eaton, 108.
  5. ^ Jovanovic, 148.
  6. ^ Jovanovic, 150, 158.
  7. ^ a b Jason Ankeny. "Third/Sister Lovers". AllMusic. Retrieved February 4, 2012. 
  8. ^ Robert Christgau. "Big Star". robertchristgau.com. Retrieved February 4, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Third: Sister Lovers". Rolling Stone. Retrieved April 26, 2016. 
  10. ^ Ryan Sherwood (August 14, 2008). "1978: Big Star – Third/Sister Lovers". Tiny Mix Tapes. Retrieved February 4, 2012. 
  11. ^ Jeff Terich (July 9, 2005). "Big Star". treblezine.com. Retrieved February 4, 2012. 
  12. ^ Keenan, David. "Sunday Herald's "The Best Albums Ever...Honest!"". The Sunday Herald. Retrieved October 13, 2009. 
  13. ^ "456 Third/Sister Lovers – Big Star". rollingstone.com. Retrieved February 4, 2012. 
  14. ^ "Readers & Writers Choice For The Most Heartbreak Albums Of All Time". NME. September 16, 2000. Retrieved April 13, 2011. 
  15. ^ http://www.nme.com/list/darkest-albums-ever-50-of-the-best/203156/page/2
  16. ^ http://www.discogs.com/Big-Star-3rd/master/13848. Retrieved August 14, 2013.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

References[edit]

  • Eaton, Bruce. Big Star's "Radio City" (33 1/3). Continuum International Publishing Group Ltd, 2009. ISBN 978-0-8264-2898-1.
  • Jovanovic, Rob. Big Star: The Story of Rock's Forgotten Band. London: Fourth Estate, 2004. ISBN 0-00-714908-5.