Third Amendment of the Constitution of Ireland
The Third Amendment of the Constitution of Ireland permitted the state to join the European Communities (which would later become the European Union and provided that European law (then Community law) would take precedence over the constitution. It was effected by the Third Amendment of the Constitution Bill 1972 which was approved by referendum on 10 May 1972 and signed into law on 8 June of the same year and passed as the Third Amendment of the Constitution Act 1972
Changes to the text
- Insertion of new Article 29.4.3:
- The State may become a member of the European Coal and Steel Community (established by Treaty signed at Paris on the 18th day of April, 1951), the European Economic Community (established by Treaty signed at Rome on the 25th day of March, 1957) and the European Atomic Energy Community (established by Treaty signed at Rome on the 25th day of March, 1957). No provision of this Constitution invalidates laws enacted, acts done or measures adopted by the State necessitated by the obligations of membership of the Communities or prevents laws enacted, acts done or measures adopted by the Communities, or institutions thereof, from having the force of law in the State.
Membership of the European Communities granted powers to European institutions which the 1937 constitution had vested exclusively in the Oireachtas (parliament) and the Government. It was also possible that many provisions of the constitution might be found to be incompatible with European law. For these reasons the Third Amendment introduced a provision expressly permitting the state to join the Communities and stating in broad terms that European law has supremacy over the constitution. Although the amendment shown above is that made to the English-language version of the constitution, constitutionally it is the Irish text that has precedence.
The Third Amendment was the first to be successfully approved by Irish voters in a referendum. It was introduced by the Fianna Fáil government of Jack Lynch but also supported by Fine Gael, the main opposition party, and by employers' and farmers' interest groups. However it was opposed by the Labour Party, Sinn Féin and Official Sinn Féin and the trade unions. The voting went 1,041,890 (83.1%) in favour and 211,891 (16.9%) against.
As Ireland had no nuclear power programme, nor any important coal and steel industries, membership of the Communities primarily concerned the European Economic Community.
In later years the various European organisations (with the exception of EAEC) were integrated by subsequent treaty ratifications into the European Union (EU).
|Invalid or blank votes||10,497||0.83|
|Registered voters and turnout||1,783,604||70.88|
Results by Constituency
|Constituency||Electorate||Turnout||Yes votes||No votes||Spoilt|
|Cork City North-West||36,115||70.1%||21,228||3,995||157|
|Cork City South-East||36,476||75.4%||22,887||4,492||140|
- Politics of the Republic of Ireland
- History of the Republic of Ireland
- Law of the Republic of Ireland
- European Communities Act 1972
- Crotty v. An Taoiseach
- Eamon de Valera by Ronan fanning, page two hundred and fifty nine
- "Referendum Results" (PDF). Department of the Environment, Community and Local Government. Retrieved 12 March 2012.