Third Churchill ministry
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|Third Churchill ministry|
|Date formed||26 October 1951|
|Date dissolved||6 April 1955|
|People and organisations|
|Head of state|
|Head of government||Sir Winston Churchill|
|Deputy head of government||Sir Anthony Eden|
|Member party||Conservative Party|
|Status in legislature||Majority|
|Opposition party||Labour Party|
|Opposition leader||Clement Attlee|
|Election(s)||1951 general election|
|Legislature term(s)||40th Parliament (UK)|
|Predecessor||Second Attlee ministry|
|Successor||First Eden ministry|
Winston Churchill formed the third Churchill ministry in the United Kingdom after the 1951 general election. He was reappointed as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom by King George VI and later oversaw the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II.
The Conservative Party came to power in the United Kingdom after victory in the 1951 general election. This was the first purely Conservative government since Stanley Baldwin's 1924–1929 ministry. Winston Churchill became Prime Minister for a second time. Churchill's government had several prominent figures and up-and-coming stars. Rab Butler was appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer while Sir Anthony Eden returned as Foreign Secretary. The noted Scottish lawyer Sir David Maxwell Fyfe, who had gained fame as a prosecutor at the Nuremberg Trials, became Home Secretary. He remained in this post until 1954, when he was ennobled as Viscount Kilmuir and appointed Lord Chancellor. Future Prime Minister Harold Macmillan achieved his first major post when he was made Minister of Defence in 1954.
Gwilym Lloyd George, younger son of former Liberal leader David Lloyd George, replaced Sir David Maxwell Fyfe as Home Secretary in 1954. Florence Horsbrugh became the first woman to hold a cabinet post in a Conservative government when she was appointed Minister of Education in 1951. Several figures who were later to achieve high offices held their first governmental posts. These included future Prime Minister Edward Heath, future Chancellors Reginald Maudling, Peter Thorneycroft and Iain Macleod and future Foreign Secretary Lord Carrington. Other notable figures in the government were John Profumo, Bill Deedes, David Ormsby-Gore and the Marquess of Salisbury.
Despite suffering a stroke in 1953, Churchill remained in office until April 1955, when (aged 80) he resigned. He was succeeded by his ambitious protégé and deputy Sir Anthony Eden, who finally reached the post he had coveted for so long, although his government was to last for less than two years.
- Sir Winston Churchill – Prime Minister
- The Viscount Kilmuir – Lord Chancellor
- The Marquess of Salisbury – Lord President of the Council and Leader of the House of Lords
- Harry Crookshank – Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Commons
- Rab Butler – Chancellor of the Exchequer
- Sir Anthony Eden – Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
- Gwilym Lloyd George – Secretary of State for the Home Department and Secretary of State for Welsh Affairs
- Derick Heathcoat-Amory – Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food
- Alan Lennox-Boyd – Secretary of State for the Colonies
- The Viscount Swinton – Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations
- Harold Macmillan – Minister of Defence
- Sir David Eccles – Minister of Education
- Duncan Sandys – Minister of Housing and Local Government
- Sir Walter Monckton – Minister of Labour and National Service
- The Earl of Woolton – Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and Minister of Materials
- Osbert Peake – Minister of Pensions
- James Stuart – Secretary of State for Scotland
- Peter Thorneycroft – President of the Board of Trade
- Norman Brook – Cabinet Secretary
List of Ministers
Members of the Cabinet are in bold face.
- D. Butler and G. Butler (ed.). Twentieth Century British Political Facts 1900–2000.
|Government of the United Kingdom