Third Fleet (United Kingdom)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Third Fleet
Active1 May 1912–1914
Country United Kingdom
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
TypeFleet

The Third Fleet was a reserve formation of the Royal Navy that briefly existed before the First World War.

History[edit]

Formed on 1 May 1912 from the 4th Division of the Home Fleet, its elderly ships were ordinarily only manned by a small maintenance crew during peacetime, but were intended to be manned by naval reservists when mobilised.[1] It was conducting a test mobilisation in July 1914 as tensions increased between Great Britain and Imperial Germany[2] and was only partially demobilised before full mobilisation was ordered on 2 August. At this time it consisted of the 7th and 8th Battle Squadrons of pre-dreadnought battleships and five squadrons of cruisers.[3]

Vice-Admiral Commanding[edit]

Rank Flag Name Term
Vice-Admiral Commanding Third Fleet [4]
1 Vice-Admiral Flag of Vice-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Sir Frederick T. Hamilton December 1911-December 1913
2 Vice-Admiral Flag of Vice-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Sir Cecil Burney December 1913-August 1914.

Components[edit]

Included [5]
Unit Notes
1 7th Battle Squadron (8 pre-dreadnoughts) [6]
2 8th Battle Squadron (6 pre-dreadnoughts) [7]
3 7th Cruiser Squadron (5 armoured cruisers) [8]
3 8th Cruiser Squadron (5 armoured/protected cruisers) [9]
4 9th Cruiser Squadron 8 armoured/protected cruisers) [10]
5 10th Cruiser Squadron (7 protected cruisers)-from Training Squadron at Queenstown [11]
6 11th Cruiser Squadron 5 protected cruisers) [12]
7 12th Cruiser Squadron 4 protected cruisers) [13]
8 Devonport Local Defence Flotilla [14]
9 Nore Local Defence Flotilla [15]
10 Portsmouth Local Defence Flotilla [16]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Wragg, p. 24
  2. ^ Marder, p. 432
  3. ^ Corbett, pp. 13, 29
  4. ^ Government, H.M. (October 1913). "Flag Officers - Vice Admirals". The Navy List. H.M. Stationery Office. p. 87.
  5. ^ Watson, Dr Graham. "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployment, Inter-War Years 1914-1918". naval-history.net. Gordon Smith, 27 October, 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
  6. ^ Watson. 2015
  7. ^ Watson. 2015
  8. ^ Watson. 2015
  9. ^ Watson. 2015
  10. ^ Watson. 2015
  11. ^ Watson. 2015
  12. ^ Watson. 2015
  13. ^ Watson. 2015
  14. ^ Watson. 2015
  15. ^ Watson. 2015
  16. ^ Watson. 2015

Bibliography[edit]

  • Corbett, Julian. Naval Operations to the Battle of the Falklands. History of the Great War: Based on Official Documents. I (2nd, reprint of the 1938 ed.). London and Nashville, Tennessee: Imperial War Museum and Battery Press. ISBN 0-89839-256-X.
  • Marder, Arthur J. (2013) [1961]. From Dreadnought to Scapa Flow: The Royal Navy in the Fisher Era. I: The Road to War 1904–1914. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 9781-59114-259-1.
  • Wragg, David (2006). Royal Navy Handbook 1914–1918. Stroud, UK: Sutton Publishing. ISBN 0-7509-4203-7.

External links[edit]