Third GECF summit

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2015 GECF summit
3rd GECF summit
GECF Logo.jpg
Host countryIran
Date22–23 November 2015
Venue(s)Ejlas Saran Hall
CitiesChamran Expressway, Tehran
ParticipantsGECF
ChairMohammad-Hossein Adeli
Follows2nd GECF summit
Precedes4th GECF summit
WebsiteThird GECF Gas Summit

The 3rd GECF summit was a biennial Gas Exporting Countries Forum summit, an international relations conference attended by the heads of state or heads of government of most member states of the GECF. The summit was held in Tehran, Iran, the first time the city has hosted the summit. Iran assumed the chair of the GECF from Russia on 1 January 2014.

Background[edit]

The summit was announced during the first meeting of the High-Level Ad Hoc Group for the 3rd Gas Summit on 20 May 2015. The group also discussed the draft summit declaration and other issues.[1]

In the days prior to the summit, Secretary-General Mohammad-Hossein Adeli was re-appointed for a second term in his role and Iranian Oil Minister Bijan Namdar Zangeneh was chosen as the deputy chairman. Qatari Minister of Energy and Industry Mohammed Saleh Al Sada was chosen as the chairman of the forum. Azerbaijan was also given observer status in the GECF.[2]

Participating leaders[edit]

Full members:[2][3]

Observer members:

Special Guest:

Final communique[edit]

The final communique underscored the need for stronger cooperation, including the transfer of expertise and pricing mechanisms. It also called for cooperation in the security of natural gas supplies to the global markets. It further objected to the application of extraterritorial laws, regulations and economic sanctions within the sector against the GECF member states.[5]

Bilateral meetings[edit]

Leaders at the summit

Russian President Vladimir Putin met Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khameini. The two discussed "issues in bilateral relations, including atomic energy, oil and gas, and military-technical cooperation," according to his Putin's foreign policy aide, Yuri Ushakov. Putin also met Iranian President Hassan Rouhani.[8] All nine member states will bilaterally meet with Rouhani as well.[3] Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov also met his host counterpart Mohammad Javad Zarif.[7]

Iran-Russia relations were strengthened by the signing of seven[which?] memorandum of understandings. Rouhani said that "there are also an abundance of projects in various economic fields which can bear fruit in joint partnership" and added that there are many projects in the fields of energy, oil, gas and electricity. He further noted agreements were made to expand cooperation against what were "threat[s] for the region and the world."[9] In a meeting with Putin, Khameini warned against the U.S. plot against West Asia via control of Syria. "This plot is a threat to all nations and countries, particularly Russia and Iran." He also hailed Russia's role in regional issues, such as the Syrian conflict and that such measures enhanced its regional and international standing, in particular that of Putin. "The Americans have always been trying to place their rivals in a position of passivity but you have foiled such a policy."[10]

Iranians Parliament Speaker Ali Larijani met with Algerian Prime Minister Abdelmalek Sellal. After the meeting Larijani criticised Western countries for double standard policies on human rights, which he said were used to create insecurity and instability and that countries he did not name had helped non-state groups that cause insecurity in the Middle East. He further pointed to Algeria and North African states' capacities to boost economic and political cooperation with Iran and hoped that the formation of the Iran-Algeria Joint Economic Commission would improve mutual cooperation. Sellal added that called for cooperation in fighting groups such as ISIL. In particular, he said Iran can play an effective role in restoring security to the region.[4]

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif met his Nigerian counterpart, Geoffrey Onyeama, and warned of the dangers posed by groups such as Boko Haram, Daesh and al-Shabaab. "Ever-growing threats of extremism in the world are rooted in false beliefs of Takfiri groups and lack of genuine attention to financial and ideological sources nurturing these groups." He further called on Muslim and African countries to reinforce their solidarity and cooperation to battle such groups.[11]

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani speaking with Russian President Vladimir Putin before the summit

Rouhani met Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro called for boosting Iran-Venezuela relations and oil producer countries need to enhance their cooperation to improve the oil market. "Iran and Venezuela share close viewpoints on political issues and regional developments;" he cited their opposition to the violation of the rights of Palestinians and the fight against non-state militant activity as well as the in Iraq and Syria and the restoration of security. He also called for GECF member states to produce clean energy and protect the environment. Maduro echoed for a further boost in relations upon the lifting of Iranian sanctions following the JCPOA.[12]

Khamenei met Iraqi President Fuad Masum and called for unity against rhetoric calling for its partition. "The people of Iraq, including Shias, Sunnis, Kurds and Arabs, have been co-existing without a problem for centuries; but, unfortunately, certain regional countries as well as foreigners seek to exaggerate disagreements." He noted that such comments to the contrary allowed for meddling by outsiders. "Why should such a country as Iraq – a large, prosperous country with a thousand-year history – be disintegrated and divided into smaller parts, and thereby always be exposed to disagreement and confrontation?" He also said the youth had undergone an awakening and are now aware of their capabilities, in particular the Popular Mobilisation Forces in Iraq were a manifestation of such an awakening. In turn, Masum heeded the advice, especially at a time of the ISIL insurgency.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Third GECF Gas Summit | GECF". gecf.org. Retrieved 2015-11-24.
  2. ^ a b "Adeli again picked as GECF secy. gen". PressTV. Retrieved 2015-11-22.
  3. ^ a b "PressTV-Heads of state arriving in Iran for gas summit". presstv.com. Retrieved 2015-11-24.
  4. ^ a b "PressTV-Iran slams West dual policies on human rights". presstv.com. Retrieved 2015-11-24.
  5. ^ a b "PressTV-GECF urges cooperation over market issues". presstv.com. Retrieved 2015-11-24.
  6. ^ شمار سران شرکت کننده در اجلاس اوپک گازی به 10 نفر رسید
  7. ^ a b c RT. 23 November 2015. 16:30 IST.
  8. ^ "'Putin to meet Iran Leader on Monday'". PressTV. Retrieved 2015-11-22.
  9. ^ "PressTV-Iran, Russia sign seven MoUs in Tehran". presstv.com. Retrieved 2015-11-24.
  10. ^ "PressTV-Beware of US plot for West Asia: Leader". presstv.com. Retrieved 2015-11-24.
  11. ^ "PressTV-'Extremists seek to tarnish image of Islam'". presstv.com. Retrieved 2015-11-24.
  12. ^ "Oil producers must improve market: Iran". PressTV. Retrieved 2015-11-24.
  13. ^ http://www.presstv.com/Detail/2015/11/24/438930/Leader-Ayatollah-Khamenei-Iraqi-President-Masum