Thirteenth Army (Japan)
|Japanese Thirteenth Army|
|Active||September 23, 1939 - August 15, 1945|
|Country||Empire of Japan|
|Branch||Imperial Japanese Army|
|Nickname(s)||Noboru (登? Ascending)|
The Japanese 13th Army was formed on September 23, 1939 under the control of the China Expeditionary Army. It was based in Shanghai and surrounding provinces primarily a garrison force to maintain public order and to engage in counter-insurgency operations in conjunction with the collaborationist forces of the Reformed Government of the Republic of China, and later with its successor, the Nanjing Nationalist Government. It was later tasked with deterring possible landings of the Allies of World War II in the lower Yangtze River area of east central China. It surrendered to the Chinese Kuomingtang forces on August 15, 1945 at the surrender of Japan and was disbanded in Shanghai.
List of commanders
|1||General Toshijiro Nishio||12 September 1939||26 October 1939|
|2||Lt. General Susumu Fujita||26 October 1939||2 December 1940|
|3||Lt. General Shigeru Sawada||2 December 1940||October 8, 1942|
|4||Lt. General Sadamu Shimomura||8 October 1942||March 22, 1944|
|5||Lt. General Sajishige Nagatsu||22 March 1944||February 1, 1945|
|6||Lt. General Takuro Matsui||1 February 1945||15 August 1945|
Chief of Staff
|1||Lt. General Shozo Sakurai||4 September 1939||20 January 1941|
|2||Lt. General Masami Maeda||20 January 1941||19 September 1941|
|3||Major General Yasuo Karagawa||19 September 1941||1 December 1942|
|4||Major General Isami Kinoshita||1 December 1942||17 January 1944|
|5||Lt. General Shinnosuke Sasa||17 January 1944||22 November 1945|
|6||Major General Toshi Yamamoto||22 November 1944||1 February 1945|
|7||Major General Akio Doi||1 February 1944||1 September 1945|
- Dorn, Frank (1974). The Sino-Japanese War, 1937-41: From Marco Polo Bridge to Pearl Harbor. MacMillan. ISBN 0-02-532200-1.
- Madej, Victor (1981). Japanese Armed Forces Order of Battle, 1937-1945. Game Publishing Company. ASIN: B000L4CYWW.
- Wendel, Marcus. "Axis History Factbook". Japanese Thirteenth Army.