Thirteenth Avenue (Manhattan)

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13th Avenue as seen from the north, with World Financial Center in background

Thirteenth Avenue is a street in the New York City borough of Manhattan, USA, built on landfill in 1837 along the Hudson River, though only a block of it still remains.[1]

On an 1891 Bromley map, it is shown heading north from 11th Street to around 29th Street, where it became 12th Avenue.

In the early 20th century, New York was looking to build longer piers along the Hudson to accommodate bigger ships such as the RMS Lusitania and the RMS Titanic. However, the United States government, which controls the bulkhead line, refused to allow longer piers to be built.

The shipping companies were reluctant to build longer piers further uptown because existing infrastructure such as the tracks of the New York Central Railroad and the 23rd Street ferry station were already in place to support Manhattan's ships.

New York City then took the unusual step of removing the block of landfill south of 22nd Street so the Chelsea Piers could be constructed to handle the liners.

1860 map

A small section north of Gansevoort Street, the West Washington Market, was left as an exception and this became a peninsula (Gansevoort Peninsula). The only remaining block of 13th Avenue, behind the Bloomfield Street Sanitation Depot[2] across the West Side Highway from Gansevoort Street, is currently used as a parking lot for garbage trucks and New York City Department of Sanitation employees' vehicles; this remnant of the avenue bears no signage identifying it as 13th Avenue. Proposals have been made for a sandy beach, or for a garbage transfer pier.[3]


  1. ^ History of Thirteenth Avenue.
  2. ^ The official address is 2 Bloomfield Street, Bloomfield Street being the single block of dockside access to the Depot.
  3. ^ Amateau, Albert (January 5, 2005). "Gansevoort Recycling Plan Comes Around Again". The Villager. Retrieved February 5, 2011. 

Coordinates: 40°44′24″N 74°00′41″W / 40.74°N 74.01140°W / 40.74; -74.01140