Thirty-Fifth Army (Japan)

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Japanese Thirty-Fifth Army
Surrender of IJA 35th Army.jpg
Surrender of Lt. General Kataoka Tadasu, highest ranking officer of Imperial Japanese 35th Army on Cebu, August 19, 1945
ActiveJuly 26, 1944 - April 14, 1945 
CountryEmpire of Japan
BranchImperial Japanese Army
TypeInfantry
RoleCorps
Nickname(s)Sho (, Lasting)

The Japanese 35th Army (第35軍, Dai-sanjyūgo gun) was an army of the Imperial Japanese Army during the final days of World War II.

History[edit]

The Japanese 35th Army was raised on July 26, 1944 in the Japanese-occupied Philippines in anticipation of Allied attempts to invade and retake Mindanao and the Visayan islands in central and southern Philippines. It was under the overall command of the Japanese Fourteenth Area Army. Initially intended as a garrison force to withstand a long-term war of attrition, as the war situation on the Pacific front grew increasingly desperate for Japan, the Imperial General Headquarters ordered the bulk of the IJA 35th Army to Leyte as reinforcement to Japanese forces in the Battle of Leyte to fight against the combined American and Philippine Commonwealth troops. As the battle was lost, surviving units were given independent command authority, and were ordered to go to ground and wage a guerilla campaign on their respective islands for as long as possible. The IJA 35th Army was officially disbanded on April 19, 1945. Some individual Japanese stragglers did not give up until the 1970s.

List of commanders[edit]

Commanding Officer[edit]

Name From To
1 General Sōsaku Suzuki 28 July 1944 19 April 1945

Chief of Staff[edit]

Name From To
1 Major General Yoshiharu Tomochika 28 July 1944 14 November 1944
2 Lieutenant General Takaji Wachi 14 November 1944 20 February 1945
3 Major General Yoshiharu Tomochika 20 February 1945 19 April 1945

Structure[edit]

Japanese 35th Army

References[edit]

  • Drea, Edward J. (1998). "Leyte: Unanswered Questions". In the Service of the Emperor: Essays on the Imperial Japanese Army. Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-8032-1708-0.
  • Frank, Richard B (1999). Downfall: The End of the Imperial Japanese Empire. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-679-41424-X.
  • Jowett, Bernard (1999). The Japanese Army 1931-45 (Volume 2, 1942-45). Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84176-354-3.
  • Madej, Victor (1981). Japanese Armed Forces Order of Battle, 1937-1945. Game Publishing Company. ASIN: B000L4CYWW.
  • Marston, Daniel (2005). The Pacific War Companion: From Pearl Harbor to Hiroshima. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84176-882-0.

External links[edit]