Thirty-third government of Israel
33rd Cabinet of Israel
|Date formed||18 March 2013|
|Date dissolved||14 May 2015|
|People and organisations|
|Head of government||Benjamin Netanyahu|
|Head of state||Reuven Rivlin|
|Member parties||Likud Yisrael Beiteinu
The Jewish Home
|Status in legislature||Coalition|
|Election(s)||Knesset elections, 2013|
|Legislature term(s)||19th Knesset|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The thirty-third government of Israel (Hebrew: מֶמְשֶׁלֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל הַשְׁלוֹשִׁים וְשָׁלוֹשׁ, Mem'shelet Yisra'el HaShloshim VeShalosh ; also known as the Third Netanyahu Government) was formed after the 22 January 2013 Knesset elections, took office on 18 March 2013, and served until 14 May 2015. The Prime Minister was Benjamin Netanyahu of Likud; the government was a coalition of Likud, Yisrael Beiteinu, Yesh Atid, The Jewish Home, and Hatnuah.
Likud and Yisrael Beiteinu, which had run a common list in the election, were the largest party in the Knesset, with 31 seats, and formed the government. Hatnuah agreed to become part of the government in February. The final coalition agreement between Likud-Beteinu and the other parties was as signed on 15 March. The coalition parties held 68 of the 120 seats in the Knesset. The parties agreed to a deal that would raise the voting threshold in future elections from 2 to 4 percent; had this restriction been effect in the 2013 elections, Kadima and the three Arab parties would have failed to qualify for seats in the Knesset. Some have suggested the change was implemented as an attempt to limit Arab representation, but that it could ultimately force the Arab parties to merge and this would bring greater unity in the long run.
On 2 December 2014, Netanyahu dismissed Minister of Justice Tzipi Livni (Hatnuah) and Minister of Finance Yair Lapid (Yesh Atid). Four other Yesh Atid ministers then resigned. This dissolved the government ahead of schedule, resulting in elections on 17 March 2015.
There were 29 ministerial posts to fill, but Yesh Atid leader Yair Lapid called for a smaller cabinet. In response, the coalition agreed the cabinet was to have 20 members, with several members holding multiple ministries, plus eight deputy ministers. However, the cabinet that was sworn in had 22 ministers and eight deputy ministers. This did not include Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman, who had resigned in December 2012 after being charged with fraud. PM Netanyahu served as Foreign Minister until Novemver 2013, when Lieberman was acquitted and returned to office.
|Portfolio||Minister||Party||Term started||Term ended||Notes|
|Deputy Minister in the Prime Minister's Office||Ofir Akunis||Likud||18 March 2013||14 May 2015|
|Deputy Minister of Defense||Danny Danon||Likud||18 March 2013||15 July 2014||Dismissed by Netanyahu|
|Deputy Minister of Education||Avi Wortzman||The Jewish Home||18 March 2013||31 March 2015|
|Deputy Minister of Finance||Mickey Levy||Yesh Atid||18 March 2013||4 December 2014||Resigned after dismissal of Yair Lapid|
|Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs||Ze'ev Elkin||Likud||18 March 2013||12 May 2014||Resigned after becoming Chairman of the Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee|
|Tzachi Hanegbi||Likud||2 June 2014||6 May 2015|
|Deputy Minister of the Interior||Faina Kirschenbaum||Yisrael Beiteinu||18 March 2013||31 March 2015|
|Deputy Minister of Religious Services||Eli Ben-Dahan||The Jewish Home||18 March 2013||14 May 2015|
|Deputy Minister of Science and Technology||Tzipi Hotovely||Likud||29 December 2014||14 May 2015|
|Deputy Minister of Transport, National Infrastructure and Road Safety||Tzipi Hotovely||Likud||18 March 2013||14 May 2015|
|This section requires expansion. (June 2014)|
In 2014, Housing Minister Ariel (Jewish Home) called for the construction of more houses in the West Bank area in response to the Fatah-Hamas national unity government deal. Finance Minister Lapid (Yesh Atid) threatened to bring down the government if any West Bank settlements were unilaterally annexed to Israel. Justice Minister Livni (Hatnuah) also threatened to leave the government. Religious Affairs Minister Bennett (Jewish Home) said that the proposal to annex settled parts of the West Bank was "the only sane plan." He added: "It’s no secret that for dozens of years there has been a chasmic [sic] disagreement on how to leave the settlements. It hasn’t proven itself." Government spokesman Mark Regev declined to comment on the proposal and its opposition.
- "ממשלת נתניהו השלישית: מפלגת השלטון הופכת". NRG. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- [dead link]
- "Jewish Home, Yesh Atid ink coalition deal with Likud-Beytenu". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- "Raising threshold for Israeli cabinet proposes challenge to Arab parties". Haaretz.com. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- "PM, Lapid agree: 20 ministers, 8 deputies in next government". ynet. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- "Governments of Israel". Knesset.gov.il. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- "Israel's Lieberman to return to government". Aljazeera.com. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- "Yair Lapid, Ariel: Hamas-Fatah government shows Palestinians don't want peace - Diplomacy & Politics - Jerusalem Post". The Jerusalem Post - JPost.com. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- "PressTV-'Bibi, stop annexing settlements in WB'". Presstv.com. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- "Yair Lapid: If even one settlement is annexed, we’ll topple the government - Diplomacy & Politics - Jerusalem Post". The Jerusalem Post - JPost.com. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- Jonathan Ferziger. "Israel Minister Says Annexing West Bank ‘Only Sane Plan’". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- Government 33 Knesset website