Thiru Aadanoor Temple

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Thiru Aadanoor Temple
Adhanoor (4).jpg
Religion
AffiliationHinduism
DistrictThanjavur
DeityAndalakkum Aiyan Perumal(Vishnu) Ranganayaki(Lakshmi)
Features
  • Tower: Pranava
  • Temple tank: Surya
Location
LocationAadanoor, Kumbakonam
StateTamil Nadu
CountryIndia
Thiru Aadanoor Temple is located in Tamil Nadu
Thiru Aadanoor Temple
Location in Tamil Nadu
Geographic coordinates10°58′35″N 79°18′48″E / 10.97639°N 79.31333°E / 10.97639; 79.31333Coordinates: 10°58′35″N 79°18′48″E / 10.97639°N 79.31333°E / 10.97639; 79.31333
Architecture
TypeDravidian architecture

Andalakkum Aiyan Perumal Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Vishnu located in Aadanoor, Thanjavur district in Tamil Nadu, India. Constructed in Dravidian style of architecture, the temple is glorified in the Divya Prabandha, the early medieval Tamil canon of the Azhwar saints from the 6th–9th centuries AD. It is counted as one among the 108 Divya Desams dedicated to Vishnu.[1][2] Vishnu is worshiped as Andalakkum Aiyan and his consort is worshiped as Bhargavi.

The temple has a small shrine with Vimanam and 3-tier rajagopuram. The temple was built by Aditya Chola. The temple is located in Olaipadi, a small village, 7 km away from Kumbakonam and 2 km from Swamimalai. The temple tank is located north of the temple. The deities are similar to the Sri Ranganathaswamy temple of Srirangam with the chief deity Vishnu in a reclining, half-sleeping posture.

Andalakkum Aiyarn is believed to have appeared for an affluent devotee trying to save Rangantha. The temple has six daily rituals at various times from 7:30 a.m. to 8 p.m., and four yearly festivals on its calendar. The major festival of the temple, the Brahmotsavam is celebrated during the Tamil month of Vaikasi (May - June).

Legend[edit]

Gopuram of the temple

According to legend, there was an affluent devotee who also wished to partake in religious endeavour of serving Ranganatha. Some of those who worked under him exploited his bhakti to their advantage and swindled all his money, making him penniless. Pleased with his devotion, Vishnu appeared in his dream and promised to help him out of the situation. He instructed the devotee to bring along a marakkal and his workers, who cheated him, to the bank of the Kollidam, where he promised to pay the workers their dues. The Lord, in the guise of an old man, gave each of them a measure of sand from the bank of Kollidam according to the work done by them. Much to their surprise, it turned into precious stones for those who toiled and it stayed the same for those who shirked work. The workers who did not get anything were enraged and started chasing the old man. At this juncture, the Lord appeared in his original form and made the workers realize their mistakes.[3] It is also believed that the presiding deity appeared for Kamadhenu, the holy cow and also for Thirumangai Azhwar, the saint poet of 8th century.[4]

As per another legend, the celestial deities Indra and Agni worshiped Vishnu at this place. Indra once insulted the sage Bhrigu when he placed the divine garland offered to him on his elephant Airavata. Bhrigu cursed him to lose all the powers. Indra did severe penance in the place to regain the powers. Agni, the fire god, was affected with Brahmbhatt Dosha, a curse inflicted on account of burning the head of Brahma handed over by Shiva. He was propitiated off his curse by offering worship at this temple.[5]

Architecture[edit]

Aadanoor temple is located in Adanoor located 8 km (5.0 mi) away from Kumbakonam in Thanjavur district in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is located close to Swamimalai. The temple has a three-tiered rajagopuram, the temple tower and all the shrines are enclosed by rectangular enclosure. The sanctum is located axial to the gopuram and is approached through sacrificial altar and temple mast. There are sculptures of Kamadhenu, the divine cow and her daughter Nandhini. The temple is believed to be similar to the Srirangam Ranganathaswamy temple in all its form having seven enclosures, but were destroyed with time. The vimana, the shrine over the sanctum is called Pranava Vimana, where image of Vishnu is visible upto knee. As per the legend in Srirangam temple, it is believed that the world will get destroyed when the feet of the image emerges. Hanuman, the monkey god, visited the temple on his way to Sri Lanka. Rama is believed to have visited the place hearing about Hanuman's visit and the foot marks are sculpted to indicate the legend. The image of Hanuman in the place is known as Virasudarshana Anjaneya.[5]

Festivals and religious practices[edit]

The vimana of the temple

The temple follows Pancharatra Agama and the worship practices are carried out by hereditary priests. The temple priests perform the pooja (rituals) during festivals and on a daily basis. As at other Vishnu temples of Tamil Nadu, the priests belong to the Vaishnavaite community, a Brahmin sub-caste. The temple rituals are performed six times a day: Ushathkalam at 7 a.m., Kalasanthi at 8:00 a.m., Uchikalam at 12:00 p.m., Sayarakshai at 5:00 p.m., Irandamkalam at 6:00 p.m. and Ardha Jamam at 7:30 p.m. Each ritual has three steps: alangaram (decoration), neivethanam (food offering) and deepa aradanai (waving of lamps) for both Andalakkum Aiyarn and Bhargavi Thayar. During the last step of worship, nagaswaram (pipe instrument) and tavil (percussion instrument) are played, religious instructions in the Vedas (sacred text) are recited by priests, and worshippers prostrate themselves in front of the temple mast. There are weekly, monthly and fortnightly rituals performed in the temple. The major festival of the temple, the Brahmotsavam is celebrated during the Tamil month of Vaikasi (May - June). Vaikunta Ekadasi celebrated during the Tamil month of Margazhi (December–January) is the other major festival celebrated in the temple.[6]

Religious importance[edit]

Prabandam
"ஒருக்காலே நெடுமாலே உன்னை செருக்கால் மறந்தாலும்

இருக்காலே ஏத்தி இறைஞ்ச இயலாது இருந்தாலும்
முறுக்காலே மோதிய முன்வினை மோகத்தாலும் மறப்பாயே நீ

மரக்கால் கொண்டு ஆண்டு அளக்கும் ஆதனூர் ஐயனே"

~ Thirumangai Azhwar, Nalayira Divya Prabandam

The temple is revered in Nalayira Divya Prabandham, the 7th–9th century Vaishnava canon, by Kulasekhara Alvar in one hymn. The temple is classified as a Divyadesam, one of the 108 Vishnu temples that are mentioned in the book. Thirumangai Alvar have sung in praise of the perumal in this temple with one Pasuram, numbered at 3815. It is believed that once the temple was buried under earth. At the same time, a Kashmiri Princess was afflicted on account of a spell from a magician. Vishnu appeared in the dreams of the king and asked him to renovate the submerged temple. The king is believed to have followed the orders, resulting in the princess getting propitiated. The worship in the temple is thus believed to offer solace to people afflicted by witchcraft.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "An NGO does its bit for god - and humanity". New Delhi, India: Hindustan Times. 29 April 2007. Retrieved 13 April 2018 – via HighBeam Research.
  2. ^ Hindu Pilgrimage: A Journey Through the Holy Places of Hindus All Over India. Sunita Pant Bansal.
  3. ^ "In a state of neglect". The Hindu. 26 July 2012. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
  4. ^ Ayyar, P. V. Jagadisa (1982). South Indian Shrines: Illustrated. New Delhi: Asian Educational Services. p. 533. ISBN 9788120601512.
  5. ^ a b c R., Dr. Vijayalakshmy (2001). An introduction to religion and Philosophy - Tévarám and Tivviyappirapantam (1st ed.). Chennai: International Institute of Tamil Studies. pp. 444–6.
  6. ^ "Sri Andalakkum Aiyan temple". Dinamalar. Retrieved 2 November 2019.

External links[edit]