The temple is more commonly known as Melkote, taking the name from the hill on which it is situated. It is also called Yadugiri by the local people.
There are many ponds (called Kulam in Tamil) even today people of the town uses water from these ponds for washing clothes, taking bath etc., One of the important pond is called Akka Tangi Kulam. Water for the temple is taken from this kulam to the temple.
The temple itself is large and breathes history. It is very ancient – Vishnu is said to have worshipped here before his incarnations known as the Dasavataram. Rama too offered prayers here. The main deity Mulavar is Thirunarayanan, Utsavar is called Cheluvanarayana, Sampathkumar, Selva Pillai, Ramapriya. The Goddess is Yadugiri Nachiyar or "Goddess of the Hill". Ramanujacharya sannidhi is one of the important one, all the srivaishnava's will visit Ramanuja before taking darshan of Mulava, utsavar and Yadugiri Nacchiyar. Outside the temple are shrines to Desika, Manavala Mamuni and other Acharyas. On a hill overlooking the town is a separate Yoganarasimha temple of great antiquity. It is quite a climb on worn steps to reach that temple.
Only once a year, during the famous Vairamudi Seva, do crowds congregate in Melkote. This festival, when the "utsavar" is adorned with a diamond-encrusted tiara, takes place every year in the month of April. Thirunarayanapuram, with its serene and sacred atmosphere, is a temple one does not want to leave.
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