Thiruvananthapuram (Lok Sabha constituency)

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Thiruvananthapuram
Lok Sabha Constituency
Thiruvananthapuram Lok Sabha Map.jpg
Sitting Map of Thiruvananthapuram Parliament Constituency
IncumbentShashi Tharoor
Parliamentary PartyIndian National Congress
Elected Year2019
Constituency Details
Established1957
ReservationNone
StateKerala
Total Electors13,59,084[citation needed]
Most Successful PartyINC (8 times)
Assembly ConstituenciesKazhakootam
Vattiyoorkavu
Thiruvananthapuram
Nemom
Parassala
Kovalam
Neyyattinkara

Thiruvananthapuram Parliamentary (Lok Sabha) Constituency (Malayalam: തിരുവനന്തപുരം ലോകസഭ നിയോജക മണ്ഡലം) is one of the 20 parliamentary constituencies in Kerala, India. It is located in Thiruvananthapuram district and encompasses the major part of Thiruvananthapuram city, the capital of Kerala State.

Demographics[edit]

As per the estimates of 2011 census, Thiruvananthapuram Parliament constituency has a population of 17,03,709 persons. Out of total population, 27.83% is rural and 72.17% is urban. The Scheduled castes (SC) and Scheduled tribes (ST) ratio is 9.82 and 0.45, respectively out of total population. As per the voter list published by the Election commission for the 2019 Lok Sabha elections, there are 13,34,665 voters in the electorate and 1077 polling stations in this constituency.[1]

The total population of Thiruvananthapuram district is 33,01,427 as per census of 2011. Hindus constitute 66.46% of Thiruvananthapuram district population, Christians form 19.1% and Muslims constitute 13.72% of the total population.[2]

Voter turnout for the 2019 Lok Sabha election was 73.45% where as it was 68.63% and 65.74% in the 2014 and 2009 elections respectively.[3]

Assembly segments[edit]

Thiruvananthapuram Parliament constituency is composed of the following legislative assembly segments:[4]

Constituency number Name Reserved for (SC/ST/None) District
132 Kazhakootam None Thiruvananthapuram
133 Vattiyoorkavu None Thiruvananthapuram
134 Thiruvananthapuram None Thiruvananthapuram
135 Nemom None Thiruvananthapuram
137 Parassala None Thiruvananthapuram
139 Kovalam None Thiruvananthapuram
140 Neyyattinkara None Thiruvananthapuram

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Lok Sabha Member Party Tenure
Travancore-Cochin
1952 1st Annie Mascarene Independent politician 1952-1957
After the Formation of Kerala
1957 2nd Easwara Iyer Independent politician 1957-1962
1962 3rd P. S. Nataraja Pillai Independent politician 1962-1967
1967 4th P. Viswambharan Samyukta Socialist Party 1967-1971
1971 5th V. K. Krishna Menon
(Died in 1974)
Independent politician 1971-1977
1977 6th M. N. Govindan Nair Communist Party of India 1977-1980
1980 7th A. Neelalohithadasan Nadar Indian National Congress (I) 1980-1984
1984 8th A. Charles 1984-1989
1989 9th 1989-1991
1991 10th 1991-1996
1996 11th K. V. Surendranath Communist Party of India 1996-1998
1998 12th K. Karunakaran Indian National Congress 1998-1999
1999 13th V. S. Sivakumar 1999-2004
2004 14th P. K. Vasudevan Nair Communist Party of India 2004-2005
2005* Pannyan Raveendran 2005-2009
2009 15th Shashi Tharoor Indian National Congress 2009-2014
2014 16th 2014-2019
2019 17th Incumbent

* indicates bypolls

Election results[edit]

Percentage change (±%) denotes the change in the number of votes from the immediate previous election.[5]

General Election 2019[edit]

There were 13,34,665 registered voters in Thiruvananthapuram Constituency for the 2019 Lok Sabha Election.[1] The Constituency recorded a polling percentage of 73.45% of the total electorate.[6]

Party wise Results[edit]

2019 Indian general election: Thiruvananthapuram
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
INC Dr. Shashi Tharoor 4,16,131 41.19 Increase7.10
BJP Kummanam Rajasekharan 3,16,142 31.30 Decrease1.02
CPI C. Divakaran 2,58,556 25.60 Decrease2.90
NOTA None of the Above 4,580 0.45 Increase0.07
Margin of victory 99,989 9.89 Increase8.12
Turnout 10,11,268 73.74 Increase5.11
INC hold Swing Increase7.10

Legislative Assembly wise Results [7][edit]

No. Assembly 1st Position Party Votes % 2nd Position Party Votes % 3rd Position Party Votes % NOTA Margin
132 Kazhakootam Shashi Tharoor INC 46964 35.50 Kummanam Rajasekharan BJP 45479 34.38 C. Divakaran CPI 37688 28.49 648 Increase1385
133 Vattiyoorkavu Shashi Tharoor INC 53545 39.46 Kummanam Rajasekharan BJP 50709 37.37 C. Divakaran CPI 29414 29.67 690 Increase2836
134 Thiruvananthapuram Shashi Tharoor INC 57077 43.98 Kummanam Rajasekharan BJP 42877 33.08 C. Divakaran CPI 27530 21.23 647 Increase14200
135 Nemom Kummanam Rajasekharan BJP 58513 41.40 Shashi Tharoor INC 46472 32.88 C. Divakaran CPI 33921 24.00 748 Decrease 12041
137 Parassala Shashi Tharoor INC 69944 42.57 C. Divakaran CPI 47942 29.18 Kummanam Rajasekharan BJP 42887 26.10 621 Increase27057
139 Kovalam Shashi Tharoor INC 73221 45.65 C. Divakaran CPI 42050 26.22 Kummanam Rajasekharan BJP 41092 25.62 616 Increase 32129
140 Neyyattinkara Shashi Tharoor INC 66834 47.71 C. Divakaran CPI 37925 27.07 Kummanam Rajasekharan BJP 32368 23.11 583 Increase 34466

General Election 2014[edit]

Party wise Results[edit]

2014 Indian general election : Thiruvananthapuram
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
INC Dr. Shashi Tharoor 2,97,806 34.09 Decrease10.20
BJP O. Rajagopal 2,82,336 32.32 Increase20.92
CPI Bennet Abraham 2,48,941 28.50 Decrease2.24
AAP Ajit Joy 14,153 1.62 N/A
SDPI Kunnil Shajahan 4,820 0.55 N/A
NOTA None of the Above 3,346 0.38 ---
Margin of victory 15,470 1.77 Decrease11.78
Turnout 8,73,441 68.63 Increase2.89
INC hold Swing Decrease10.20

Legislative Assembly wise Results[edit]

No. Assembly 1st Position Party Votes % 2nd Position Party Votes % 3rd Position Party Votes % NOTA Margin
132 Kazhakoottam O. Rajagopal BJP 41829 37.1% Shashi Tharoor INC 34220 30.4% Bennet Abraham CPI 31799 28.2% 483 Decrease 7609
133 Vattiyoorkavu O. Rajagopal BJP 43589 37.1% Shashi Tharoor INC 40663 34.6% Bennet Abraham CPI 27504 23.4% 716 Decrease2926
134 Thiruvananthapuram O. Rajagopal BJP 40835 36.0% Shashi Tharoor INC 39027 34.4% Bennet Abraham CPI 27385 24.1% 578 Decrease1808
135 Nemom O. Rajagopal BJP 50685 42.1% Shashi Tharoor INC 32639 27.1% Bennet Abraham CPI 31643 26.3% 523 Decrease18046
137 Parassala Shashi Tharoor INC 50360 34.8% Bennet Abraham CPI 47953 33.2% O. Rajagopal BJP 39753 27.5% 357 Increase10607
139 Kovalam Shashi Tharoor INC 51401 37.7% Bennet Abraham CPI 42112 30.9% O. Rajagopal BJP 36169 26.5% 347 Increase 15232
140 Neyyattinkara Shashi Tharoor INC 48009 39.3% Bennet Abraham CPI 39806 32.6% O. Rajagopal BJP 28958 23.7% 336 Increase19051

General Election 2009[edit]

2009 Indian general election: Thiruvananthapuram[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
INC Shashi Tharoor 326,725 44.29 Increase2.65
CPI P. Ramachandran Nair 226,727 30.74 Decrease20.66
BSP A. Neelalohithadasan Nadar 86,233 11.69 N/A
BJP P. K. Krishna Das 84,094 11.40 Increase6.57
NCP M. P. Gangadharan 2,972 0.40
Margin of victory 99,998 13.55 Increase34.77
Turnout 737,641 65.74 Decrease2.81
INC gain from CPI Swing Increase45.26

Bye-Election 2005[edit]

Bye-Election, 2005: Thiruvananthapuram[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
CPI Pannyan Raveendran 390,324 51.41 Increase13.96
INC V. S. Sivakumar 316,124 41.64 Increase11.34
BJP C. K. Padmanabhan 36,690 4.83 Decrease25.03
Margin of victory 74,200 9.77 +35.89
Turnout 759,237 68.13 -0.66
CPI hold Swing +36.45

General Election 2004[edit]

2004 Indian general election: Thiruvananthapuram[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
CPI P. K. Vasudevan Nair 286,057 37.45 Increase1.22
INC V. S. Sivakumar 231,454 30.30 Decrease7.85
BJP O. Rajagopal 228,052 29.86 Increase8.93
Margin of victory 54,603 7.15 Increase5.24
Turnout 764,317 68.7 Increase5.52
CPI gain from INC Swing 24.18%

General Election 1999[edit]

1999 Indian general election: Thiruvananthapuram[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
INC V. S. Sivakumar 288,390 38.15 Decrease6.2
CPI Kaniyapuram Ramachandran 273,905 36.23 Decrease6.1
BJP O. Rajagopal 158,221 20.93 Increase8.54
Margin of victory 14,485 1.91 Decrease0.1
Turnout 757,497 63.18% Decrease2.56
INC hold Swing -14.53%

General Election 1998[edit]

1998 Indian general election: Thiruvananthapuram[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
INC K. Karunakaran 337,429 44.35% Increase2.92
CPI K.V. Surendranath 322,031 42.33 Decrease2.05
BJP Kerala Varma Raja 94,303 12.39 Increase1.76
Margin of victory 15,398 2.01
Turnout 766,775 65.74
INC gain from CPI Swing

General Election 1996[edit]

1996 Indian general election: Thiruvananthapuram[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
CPI K.V. Surendranath 312,622 44.38
INC A. Charles 291,820 41.43
BJP K. Raman Pillai 74,904 10.63
Margin of victory 20,802 2.95
Turnout 721,087 64.56
CPI gain from INC Swing

General Election 1991[edit]

1991 Indian general election: Thiruvananthapuram[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
INC A. Charles 334,272 46.99
CPI E. J. Vijayamma 290,602 40.85
BJP O. Rajagopal 80,566 11.33
Margin of victory 43,670 6.14
Turnout 721,412 68.89
INC hold Swing

General Election 1989[edit]

1989 Indian general election: Thiruvananthapuram[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
INC A. Charles 367,825 49.02
CPI O. N. V. Kurup 326,912 42.23
BJP P. Asok Kumar 56,046 7.47
Margin of victory 50,913 6.79
Turnout 754,853 73.78
INC hold Swing

General Election 1984[edit]

1984 Indian general election: Thiruvananthapuram[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
INC A. Charles 239,791 43.00
LKD Neelalohithadasan Nadar 186,353 33.41 -27%
Hindu Munnani (KL) Kerala Varma Raja 110,449 19.80
Margin of victory 53,438 9.58
Turnout 561984 71.70
INC hold Swing

General Election 1980[edit]

1980 Indian general election: Thiruvananthapuram[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
INC Neelalohithadasan Nadar 273,818 60.90
CPI M. N. Govindan Nair 166,761 37.09
Margin of victory 107,057 23.81
Turnout 453,458 63.44
INC gain from CPI Swing

General Election 1977[edit]

1977 Indian general election: Thiruvananthapuram[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
CPI M. N. Govindan Nair 244,277 56.32
BLD P. Vishwambharan 174,455 40.22
Margin of victory 69,822 16.1
Turnout 448,586 72.14
CPI gain from Independent Swing

General Election 1971[edit]

1971 Indian general election: Thiruvananthapuram[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent V. K. Krishna Menon 167,872 52.99
PSP D. Damodaran Potti 143,745 45.38
Margin of victory 24,127 7.56
Turnout 318,883 59.76

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.ceo.kerala.gov.in/pdf/2019/FinalRoll/FINAL_2019.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  2. ^ "Thiruvananthapuram District Religion Census 2011".
  3. ^ "CEO Kerala".
  4. ^ "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 21 October 2008.
  5. ^ "Thiruvananthapuram Election News".
  6. ^ Indiancrux 2019 General Election Thiruvananthapuram Constituency Live Results
  7. ^ "CEO Kerala :: BOOTH WISE RESULTS".
  8. ^ "Indian Parliament Election Results 2009 (Lok Sabha polls 2009)- Kerala". Keralaassembly.org. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
  9. ^ Bye Election -HPC. "Chief Electoral Officer, Kerala". Ceo.kerala.gov.in. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
  10. ^ "Indian Parliament Election Results- Kerala 2004". Keralaassembly.org. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
  11. ^ "Indian Parliament Election Results- Kerala 1999". Keralaassembly.org. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
  12. ^ "Indian Parliament Election Results- Kerala 1998". Keralaassembly.org. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
  13. ^ "Indian Parliament Election Results- Kerala 1996". Keralaassembly.org. Retrieved 9 July 2014.
  14. ^ "Indian Parliament Election Results- Kerala 1991". Keralaassembly.org. Retrieved 9 July 2014.
  15. ^ "Indian Parliament Election Results- Kerala 1989". Keralaassembly.org. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
  16. ^ "Indian Parliament Election Results- Kerala 1984". Keralaassembly.org. Retrieved 4 June 2020.
  17. ^ "Indian Parliament Election Results- Kerala 1980". Keralaassembly.org. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  18. ^ "Indian Parliament Election Results- Kerala 1977". Keralaassembly.org. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  19. ^ "Statistical Report - Indian Parliament Election 1971" (PDF). Gujarat Election Commission. Retrieved 4 June 2020.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 8°30′N 76°54′E / 8.5°N 76.9°E / 8.5; 76.9