This Gun for Hire
|This Gun for Hire|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Frank Tuttle|
|Produced by||Richard Blumenthal|
|Screenplay by||Albert Maltz
|Story by||Graham Greene|
|Music by||David Buttolph|
|Edited by||Archie Marshek|
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
This Gun for Hire is a 1942 film noir, directed by Frank Tuttle and based on the 1936 novel (published in America with the same title, and in Britain with the title A Gun for Sale) by Graham Greene. The film stars Veronica Lake, Robert Preston, Laird Cregar, and Alan Ladd.
In wartime San Francisco, chemist and blackmailer Albert Baker (Frank Ferguson) is killed by hit man Philip Raven (Alan Ladd), who recovers a stolen chemical formula. Raven is double-crossed by his employer, Willard Gates (Laird Cregar), who pays him with marked bills and reports them to the Los Angeles Police Department as stolen from his company, Nitro Chemical. Raven learns of the set up and decides to get revenge. LAPD detective lieutenant Michael Crane (Robert Preston), who is vacationing in San Francisco to visit his girlfriend, nightclub singer Ellen Graham (Veronica Lake), is immediately assigned the case. He goes after Raven, but the assassin eludes him.
Meanwhile, Gates hires Ellen to work in his LA nightclub. She is taken to a clandestine meeting with Senator Burnett (Roger Imhof), where she learns that Gates and Nitro Chemical are under investigation as suspected traitors, and is recruited to spy on Gates. She and Gates board a train for Los Angeles, followed by Raven. By chance, Raven and Ellen sit next to each other. The next morning, Gates is alarmed when he sees them asleep with Raven's head on her shoulder. He wires ahead to alert the police, but Raven forces Ellen at gunpoint to help him elude them again. He is about to kill her but is interrupted by workmen, allowing Ellen to flee. She tries to contact Crane, but he has left San Francisco to return to LA.
That evening the suspicious Gates invites Ellen to his Hollywood mansion, where his chauffeur Tommy (Marc Lawrence) knocks her unconscious to set up a fake suicide. Crane goes to the mansion looking for Ellen but Gates has already left. While Crane questions Tommy, Raven arrives and hides outside, where he sees Tommy discard Ellen's purse, to keep Crane from spotting it. Raven realizes that Ellen is in danger. After Crane leaves, Raven knocks Tommy down a flight of stairs when the chauffeur denies Ellen is still there. Raven searches the house and rescues her. Tommy recovers and warns Gates at his club, where Crane has caught up with him. Raven and Ellen are confronted as they enter the club, so Raven takes her hostage as he flees. She surreptitiously drops monogrammed playing cards as a trail of "breadcrumbs". The police corner them in a railroad yard but wait for daylight to move in.
Raven reveals to Ellen that he was orphaned at a young age and raised by an abusive aunt. One day, he snapped while she was beating him and killed her, for which he was imprisoned in reform school; there, he was abused by the other children. She tells him that the formula he recovered was for a poison gas that Nitro is selling to the Japanese and begs him to extract a signed confession instead of killing Gates. Ellen helps Raven escape the dragnet, hoping she has appealed to his patriotism. However he breaks his promise to her and kills a policeman to get away.
Raven arrives as Nitro Chemical conducts a gas attack drill and its employees wear gas masks, obscuring their faces. Gates orders Tommy to guard his door. Tommy spots Raven and gives chase, but Raven knocks him out. Raven disguises himself in Tommy's uniform and gas mask to surprise Gates, forcing him to take him to company president Alvin Brewster (Tully Marshall), the mastermind of the treasonous Nitro sale. Raven barricades himself with them when the police and Ellen arrive, and coerces both into signing a confession. Brewster dies of a heart attack while trying to kill Raven, who then kills Gates. Crane is lowered on a scaffold and exchanges gunfire with Raven, wounding him. Raven passes up the opportunity to kill Crane when he sees Ellen helping the detective. Other police fatally shoot Raven, but he lives long enough to assure Ellen that he got the confession and receive her assurance that she did not turn him in.
- Veronica Lake as Ellen Graham
- Robert Preston as Michael Crane
- Laird Cregar as Willard Gates
- Alan Ladd as Philip Raven
- Tully Marshall as Alvin Brewster
- Marc Lawrence as Tommy
- Olin Howland as Blair Fletcher
- Roger Imhof as Senator Burnett
- Pamela Blake as Annie
- Frank Ferguson as Albert Baker
- Victor Kilian as Drew
- Harry Shannon as Steve Finnerty
- Charles C. Wilson as the Police Captain
Graham Greene's novel This Gun for Hire was published in the U.S. in 1936 and several movie studios considered obtaining rights to the book, including 20th Century Fox and Paramount Pictures.[a] Paramount bought the rights in 1936 and announced Gertrude Michael as a possible star. Later that year the cast was announced as being Akim Tamiroff, Ray Milland and Ida Lupino with Dore Schary writing the script. However the film would not be made for several more years. It was reactivated in 1941 with Frank Tuttle attached as director.
Veronica Lake was announced early as a female lead with Macdonald Carey - who had been signed by Paramount following his appearance on Broadway in Lady in the Dark - mooted as a possible male lead. By September Alan Ladd had been signed to a long term Paramount contract and was cast in the key role of Raven. Robert Preston was given the other main role, replacing Carey.
Ladd received fourth billing. Because of fan reaction and critical praise, the film made him a star. Bosley Crowther, the critic for The New York Times, wrote that while the actors credited ahead of him gave good performances, "Mr. Ladd is the buster; he is really an actor to watch. After this stinging performance, he has something to live tip [sic] to—or live down."
Crowther characterized the film itself as a "fast and exciting melodrama."
Lake's star was rising rapidly due to her performances in the 1941 films I Wanted Wings and Sullivan's Travels. This Gun for Hire was a big box office success when released and Lake's other films of 1942, The Glass Key (also with Ladd) and I Married a Witch were also box office hits.
This Gun For Hire was adapted as a radio play on the July 3, 1942, broadcast of Philip Morris Playhouse with Marlene Dietrich starring, on the January 25, 1943 broadcast of Lux Radio Theater and the April 2, 1945 broadcast of The Screen Guild Theater. Alan Ladd reprised his role in both adaptations while Veronica Lake reprised in the latter, but was replaced with Joan Blondell in the former.
- Two first edition copies of the novel—one from Twentieth Century Fox's Research Library and one from Paramount Picture's Story Department—are held in a private collection of the works of Graham Greene. Each copy bears the respective studio's file copy library stamps, and the Paramount copy includes the film's original studio project number.
- Jerome Kern, Noted Composer, Renounces Broadway Stage for Work in Movies: Opportunities Now Found With Screen "A Gun For Sale," War Story, to Be Filmed With Gertrude Michael Considered for Lead; Brisson Leaving Town Today Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 19 May 1936: 17.
- NEWS OF THE SCREEN: Don Marquis and Friends Sell a Play -- Akim Tamiroff A New Sherlock for the Screen. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 22 Aug 1936: 6.
- SCREEN NEWS HERE AND IN HOLLYWOOD: David Selznick Is Negotiating Deal to Join United Artists With Frank Capra TWO FILMS OPEN TODAY There's Magic in Music' at the Criterion and Central Will Show 'Naval Academy' By DOUGLAS W. CHURCHILLSpecial to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 04 June 1941: 27.
- Need for Exploitation of Film Product Told: Gaynor Plans Stage Debut Stardom Urged for Actor Gene Tierney Gets Lead Cowan Turns Lobbyist MacDonald Carey Cast Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 27 Aug 1941: A10.
- SCREEN NEWS HERE AND IN HOLLYWOOD: ' Pied Piper,' Novel by Nevil Shute, Purchased by Fox -- Harold Shuster to Direct RIALTO FILM IS HELD OVER ' Badlands of Dakota' to Begin a Second Week -- Swedish Program Opens Today By DOUGLAS W. CHURCHILLBy Telephone to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 13 Sep 1941: 21.
- The Gent Is Alan Ladd, the Calculating Trigger-Man in 'This Gun for Hire' By JOHN R. FRANCHEY. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 07 June 1942: X4.
- Bosley Crowther (May 14, 1942). "This Gun for Hire (1942)". The New York Times.
- "Marlene Dietrich Has Star Role in Playhouse Drama". Harrisburg Telegraph. June 27, 1942. p. 25. Retrieved August 6, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- This Gun for Hire at the Internet Movie Database
- This Gun for Hire at AllMovie
- This Gun for Hire at the TCM Movie Database
- This Gun for Hire at Rotten Tomatoes
- on YouTube