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Coordinates: 30°56′19″N 31°30′59″E / 30.93861°N 31.51639°E / 30.93861; 31.51639

Thmuis is located in Egypt
Location in Egypt
Coordinates: 30°56′19″N 31°30′59″E / 30.93861°N 31.51639°E / 30.93861; 31.51639
Country  Egypt
Time zone EST (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) +3 (UTC)

Thmuis (/ˈθmj.s/; Greek: Θμοῦις; Arabic: Tell El-Timai‎‎) is a city in Lower Egypt, located on the canal east of the Nile, between its Tanitic and Mendesian branches.


Sophilos Mosaic from Thmuis, about 200 BC, now in the Graeco-Roman Museum, Alexandria

During the Ptolemaic period, Thmuis succeeded Djedet as the capital of Lower Egypt's 16th nome of Kha (Herodotus (II, 166)). The two cities are only several hundred meters apart. Ptolemy also states that the city was the capital of the Mendesian nome.

Thmuis was an episcopal see in the Roman province of Augustamnica Prima, suffragan of Pelusium. Today it is part of the Coptic Holy Metropolitanate of Beheira (Thmuis & Hermopolis Parva), Mariout (Mariotis), Marsa Matruh (Antiphrae & Paractorium), Libya (Livis) and Pentapolis (Cyrenaica).

In the fourth century it was still an important Roman city, having its own administration and being exempt from the jurisdiction of the Prefect of Alexandria. It was in existence at the time of the Arab invasion in 641 AD, and was later called Al-Mourad or "Al-Mouradeh"; it must have disappeared after the Turkish conquest.

Its ruins are at Tell El-Timai, about five miles north-west of Sinbellawein, a station on the railway from Zagazig to Mansourah in the central Delta.


Le Quien (Oriens christianus, II, 537) names nine bishops of Thmuis, the last three being Monophysites of the Middle Ages. The others are:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The Church of Alexandria.
  2. ^ Photius, P.G., CIV, 1229.


  • Wikisource-logo.svg Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Thmuis". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 
  • Baines & Malek "Cultural Atlas of Ancient Egypt", 2000. ISBN 0-8160-4036-2
  • M.I. Bakr & H. Brandl, "Various Sites in the Eastern Nile Delta: Thmuis", in: M.I. Bakr and H. Brandl, with F. Kalloniatis (eds.), Egyptian Antiquities from the Eastern Nile Delta. Museums in the Nile Delta, vol. 2. Cairo/Berlin 2014, pp. 79, 294-301. ISBN 9783000453182.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Thmuis". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.