Thom de Graaf

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Thom de Graaf
Thom de Graaf 2009.jpg
Thom de Graaf in 2009
Vice-President of the Council of State
Assumed office
1 November 2018
MonarchWillem-Alexander
Preceded byPiet Hein Donner
Parliamentary leader in the Senate
In office
9 June 2015 – 26 June 2018
Preceded byRoger van Boxtel
Succeeded byHans Engels
Parliamentary groupDemocrats 66
Member of the Senate
In office
7 June 2011 – 20 September 2018
Parliamentary groupDemocrats 66
Mayor of Nijmegen
In office
8 January 2007 – 1 February 2012
Preceded byGuusje ter Horst
Succeeded byWim Dijkstra (Ad interim)
Deputy Prime Minister
In office
27 May 2003 – 23 March 2005
Serving with Gerrit Zalm
Prime MinisterJan Peter Balkenende
Preceded byJohan Remkes
Roelf de Boer
Succeeded byLaurens Jan Brinkhorst
Minister for Government Reform
and Kingdom Relations
In office
27 May 2003 – 23 March 2005
Prime MinisterJan Peter Balkenende
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byAlexander Pechtold
Leader of the Democrats 66
In office
30 May 1998 – 22 January 2003
Preceded byEls Borst
Succeeded byBoris Dittrich
Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives
In office
30 May 1998 – 22 January 2003
Preceded byEls Borst
Succeeded byBoris Dittrich
In office
21 November 1997 – 19 May 1998
Preceded byGerrit Jan Wolffensperger
Succeeded byEls Borst
Parliamentary groupDemocrats 66
Member of the House of Representatives
In office
17 May 1994 – 27 May 2003
Parliamentary groupDemocrats 66
Personal details
Born
Thomas Carolus de Graaf

(1957-06-11) 11 June 1957 (age 61)
Amsterdam, Netherlands
NationalityDutch
Political partyDemocrats 66 (from 1977)
Children2 children
ResidenceNijmegen, Netherlands
Alma materRadboud University Nijmegen (Bachelor of Laws, Master of Laws)
OccupationPolitician · Civil servant · Jurist · Legal educator · Researcher · Corporate director · Nonprofit director ·

Thomas Carolus "Thom" de Graaf (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈtoːmɑz də ˈɣraːf];[1] born 11 June 1957) is a Dutch politician of the Democrats 66 (D66) party. He is the Vice-President of the Council of State since 1 November 2018.

De Graaf a jurist by occupation, worked as a researcher at the Radboud University Nijmegen from 1981 until 1985 when he became a civil servant working for the Ministry of the Interior from 1985 until 1994. De Graaf was elected as a Member of the House of Representatives after election of 1994 serving from 17 May 1994 until 27 May 2003. After the Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives Gerrit Jan Wolffensperger announced his retirement De Graaf was chosen to succeed him as Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives serving from 21 November 1997 until 19 May 1998. After the election of 1998 the Leader of the Democrats 66 and Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives Els Borst became Deputy Prime Minister in the Cabinet Kok II with De Graaf chosen to succeed him in both positions serving from 30 May 1998 until 22 January 2003. For the election of 2002 De Graaf was the Lijsttrekker (top candidate) and lost half of the seats and had now a total of seven seats. After the election of 2003 De Graaf for a second time as Lijsttrekker lost one seat and had now six seats in the House of Representatives. Taking political responsibility for the disappointing results in the election, De Graaf stepped down as Leader of the Democrats 66 and Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives on 22 January 2003. After a long formation period a coalition agreement with the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA), People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) and the Democrats 66 was made which formed the Cabinet Balkenende II with De Graaf asked to become Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Government Reform and Kingdom Relations taking office on 27 May 2003. On 23 March 2005 De Graaf resigned as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Government Reform and Kingdom Relations following the rejection of a proposed introduction for democratically elected mayors in the Senate.

Early life and education[edit]

De Graaf was born in Amsterdam and studied law at the Catholic University Nijmegen where he obtained his LL.M. in 1981. He was a member of the House of Representatives in the period 1994-2003, where he also held the post of party leader and faction chairperson for D66 from 1997 onward. He sat as vice-chairman in the parliamentary inquiry commission that looked into the investigative methods used by the Dutch inter-regional police force, leading to the resignation in 1994 of the Minister for Internal Affairs, Ed van Thijn.

Political career[edit]

De Graaf served in the second Balkenende cabinet as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Government Reform and Kingdom Relations from 23 May 2003 until 23 March 2005. In 2005, de Graaf resigned, after the introduction of democratically elected mayors had been rejected in the Senate, with a deciding vote cast by the Labour Party faction under guidance by Ed van Thijn. The proposal was especially important as it had become a symbol of the government reform that D66 had wanted since its creation. Alexander Pechtold took his place in the cabinet.

From 8 January 2007 until 1 February 2012, De Graaf was mayor of Nijmegen, as successor of Guusje ter Horst. De Graaf's father, Theo de Graaf, was a Catholic People's Party member of parliament and from 1968 until 1977 mayor of Nijmegen. Since 1 February 2012 Thom de Graaf is President of the HBO-raad.

Decorations[edit]

Honours
Ribbon bar Honour Country Date Comment
NLD Order of Orange-Nassau - Officer BAR.png Officer of the Order of Oranje-Nassau Netherlands 23 May 2005

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thomas in isolation: [ˈtoːmɑs].

External links[edit]

Official
Party political offices
Preceded by
Gerrit Jan Wolffensperger
Parliamentary leader of the
Democrats 66 in the
House of Representatives

1997–1998
1998–2003
Succeeded by
Els Borst
Preceded by
Els Borst
Succeeded by
Boris Dittrich
Leader of the Democrats 66
1998–2003
Preceded by
Roger van Boxtel
Parliamentary leader of the
Democrats 66 in the Senate

2015–2018
Succeeded by
Hans Engels
Political offices
Preceded by
Johan Remkes
Roelf de Boer
Deputy Prime Minister
2002–2005
Served alongside: Gerrit Zalm
Succeeded by
Laurens Jan Brinkhorst
Preceded by
Office established
Minister for Government Reform
and Kingdom Relations

2003–2005
Succeeded by
Alexander Pechtold
Preceded by
Guusje ter Horst
Mayor of Nijmegen
2007–2012
Succeeded by
Wim Dijkstra
Ad interim
Preceded by
Piet Hein Donner
Vice-President of the
Council of State

2018–present
Incumbent