Thomas Alexander Smith

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Thomas Alexander Smith (September 3, 1850 – May 1, 1932) represented the 1st congressional district of Maryland in the United States House of Representatives from 1905 to 1907.

Smith was born near Greenwood, Delaware, and moved with his parents to Ridgely, Maryland, as a youth in 1856. He attended the public schools and Denton Academy, and taught school in Delaware, Maryland, and Michigan. He returned to Ridgely, where he was postmaster from August 4, 1885, to November 25, 1889. He engaged in the mercantile business, and was a member of the board of school commissioners for Caroline County, Maryland, from 1889 to 1893.

In 1894 and 1896, Smith served as a member of the Maryland State Senate, and was chief of the Maryland Bureau of Statistics and Information from 1900 to 1904. He was the first vice president of the National Association of Labor Statisticians in 1903 and 1904, and member of the board of State aid and charities in 1904 and 1905. He was one of the founders of the Bank of Ridgely, and served as its first president.

Smith was elected as a Democrat to Congress in 1904, serving the 1st Congressional district for one full term from March 4, 1905 to March 3, 1907, but was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1906. He later served as a delegate to the Farmers’ National Congress of the United States held at Madison, Wisconsin, in 1908 and at Lincoln, Nebraska, in 1910. He was also land commissioner of Maryland from 1908 to 1912, internal revenue agent for the district of Maryland from January 1, 1920, to 1922. He died in Newark, Delaware, and is interred in Denton Cemetery.


United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
William Humphreys Jackson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 1st congressional district

Succeeded by
William Humphreys Jackson