Thomas Anson, 1st Viscount Anson

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Thomas Anson (1767-1818), after T. Phillips, by 1886. Member of Parliament.

Thomas Anson, 1st Viscount Anson (14 February 1767 – 31 July 1818) was a British politician and peer from the Anson family.

Background and career[edit]

Thomas Anson was born 14 February 1767, the first son of George Anson (1731–1789) of Shugborough and Mary Vernon, the daughter of George Venables Vernon.[1] The family's surname was Adams until 1773, when his father inherited the Anson estates upon the death of his maternal uncles and his unmarried older brother, Thomas.[2]

He was the brother of Mary Anson (born 1759), who married Sir Francis Ford, 1st Baronet in 1785.[3] Thomas's brothers included army generals Sir George Anson and Sir William Anson.[2]

He was educated in Eton College in 1779 and Oriel College, Oxford in 1784.[1]

On his father's death in 1789, Thomas Anson succeeded him as member of parliament (MP) for Lichfield and held the post until 17 February 1806,[1] when he was succeeded by his brother, George. On leaving the Commons on 17 February 1806, Anson was created Viscount Anson,[1][4] of Shugborough and Orgrave, Co. Stafford and Baron Soberton, of Soberton, Co. Southampton, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.[4]

Marriage and children[edit]

Viscount Anson's memorial at St Michael and All Angels Church in Colwich

On 15 September 1794, Anson married Lady Anne Coke, the daughter of the 1st Earl of Leicester of Holkham.[1]

They had thirteen children:[2]

  • Hon. Thomas William Anson (1795–1854), who became 1st Earl of Lichfield.
  • Hon. Anna Margaret Anson ( 3 Oct 1796 – 19 Aug 1882), married the 4th Earl of Rosebery.
  • Hon. George Anson (1797–1857)
  • Hon. Charles Littleton Anson (1799-1812, killed by an exploding gun aboard HMS Bacchante)
  • Hon. William Anson (26 Feb 1801 – 19 Oct 1830)
  • Georgiana Anson (b. and d. 1802)
  • Hon. Henry Anson (15 May 1804-May 1827)
  • Edward Anson (21 Jun 1805-died an infant)
  • Hon. Georgiana Anson ( 3 Jan 1807-1821)
  • Hon. Edward Harcourt Anson (1808-1817)
  • Hon. Frances Elizabeth Anson ( 9 Jan 1810 – 25 Dec 1899), married (1) Hon. Charles Murray, a son of the 4th Earl of Mansfield and Mansfield, (2) Ambrose Isted.
  • Hon. Frederica Sophia (24 Aug 1814 – 11 Oct 1867), married Hon. Bouverie Primrose, a son of the 4th Earl of Rosebery.
Their children included Henry William Primrose (1846–1923) who became chairman of the Board of the Inland Revenue from 1899 to 1907.

Death[edit]

He died on 31 July 1818.[1] His papers and correspondence are held at the Staffordshire County Record Office of the Staffordshire and Stoke-on-Trent Archive Service.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f E. A. Smith. "Anson, Thomas (1767-1818)". History of Parliament Online, Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 13 March 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c John Debrett (1840). Debrett's Peerage of England, Scotland, and Ireland. revised, corrected and continued by G.W. Collen. pp. 447–448. 
  3. ^ "Sir Francis Ford 2nd Bart.". Legacies of British-slave ownership. Universerity College of London. Retrieved 13 March 2015. 
  4. ^ a b William Dyott (1907). Dyott's diary, 1781-1845: a selection from the journal of William Dyott, sometime general in the British army and aide-de-camp to His Majesty King George III. A. Constable. p. 296. 
  5. ^ "Anson, Thomas (1767-1818) 1st Viscount Anson (D 615 P)". National Archives. Retrieved 13 March 2015. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Thomas Gilbert
George Anson
Member of Parliament for Lichfield
with Thomas Gilbert 1768–95,
Lord Granville Leveson-Gower 1795–99,
Sir John Wrottesley, from 1799

1789–1801
Succeeded by
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Member of Parliament for Lichfield
with Sir John Wrottesley

1801–1806
Succeeded by
Sir John Wrottesley
Sir George Anson
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Viscount Anson
1806–1818
Succeeded by
Thomas Anson