Thomas Bardolf, 5th Baron Bardolf
Thomas Bardolf, 5th Baron Bardolf (born prior to 1390-died 19 February 1408) was a baron in the Peerage of England, Lord of Wormegay, Norfolk, of Shelford and Stoke Bardolph in Nottinghamshire, Hallaton (Hallughton), Leicestershire, and others, and was "a person of especial eminence in his time".
He was an armiger, his Arms being: Azure, three cinquefoils, or. A supporter of the rebellion of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland against King Henry IV of England after the death of Percy's son Harry Hotspur, he died from wounds received at the Battle of Bramham Moor.
He took part with Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland, and others, in their insurrection against King Henry IV, and being pursued by the Royal army in great force, was obliged to flee to France. But about three years after returning to England, he resumed his alliance with the Earl of Northumberland, Thomas Mowbray (Earl Marshall), and Richard le Scrope, Archbishop of York, only to be defeated again in Yorkshire by John of Lancaster and the Earl of Westmorland. The king ordered the execution of Mowbray and Scrope, who were subsequently beheaded at York.
Finally, in 1408, at the Battle of Bramham Moor, the rebels suffered a total defeat. Northumberland was slain, and Lord Bardolf "so much hurt" that he died of his wounds soon after.
Bardolf had married Avicia, daughter of Ralph de Cromwell, 2nd Baron Cromwell. He left two daughters, Anne and Joan, his co-heirs. However, his honours and lands had already been forfeited to the Crown by attainder.
William Dugdale states that "Lord Bardolf's remains were quartered, and the quarters disposed of by being placed above the gates of London, York, Lenne [possibly King's Lynn?], and Shrewsbury, while the head was placed upon one of the gates of Lincoln; his widow obtained permission, however, in a short time, to remove and bury them."
The estates were divided between Thomas Beaufort, 1st Duke of Exeter (the king's half-brother), Sir George de Dunbar, Knight, and Joan of Navarre, Queen of England; but the latter's proportion, upon the petition of Sir William Clifford, knt., and his wife, Anne, and Sir William Phelip and his wife, Joan, to the king, was granted in reversion, after the Queen's decease, to those husband's of the attainted nobleman.
Also, on "27 April 1407. The King to the sheriff of Lincoln. Referring to the late plea in Chancery between Amicia (sic) wife of Thomas, late lord of Bardolf, and George de Dunbarre regarding certain lands in Ruskynton forfeited by Thomas, which had been granted by the King to George, with the manor of Calthorpe, the half of Ancastre (and many others), wherein it was adjudged that Rusynton should be excepted from the grant and restored to her with the rents, etc., from 27 November 1405, drawn by George, - the King orders him to restore the same to Amicia. Westminster. [Close, 9 Henry IV. m.17.]".
- Banks, T.C., The Dormant & Extinct Baronage of England &c., from the Norman Conquest to the year 1806, London, 1808, vol II: 28
- Douglas Richardson (2004). Plantagenet Ancestry. Baltimore, MD. pp. 215,223. ISBN 0-8063-1750-7. where it is assumed he is the son of Roger de Clifford, 5th Baron Clifford, who was sheriff of both Westmoreland and Cumberland and governor of Carlisle Castle.
- Bain, Joseph, editor, Calendar of Documents relating to Scotland, vol.iv, 1357 - 1508, Edinburgh, 1888, p.150, number 732.
- Burke, Sir Bernard, Norroy King of Arms, The Extinct Peerage of England, Ireland, and Scotland, p. 22-23.
- Burke, Messrs., John and John Bernard, The Extinct & Dormant Baronetcies of England, Ireland, and Scotland, 2nd edition, 1841, p. 594.
- Bulwer, Brigadier-General, editor, The Visitation of Norfolk, 1563, Norwich, 1895, p. 270, where he is designated "Thomas Bardolf of Spixworth, Knight".