Thomas Brudenell-Bruce, 1st Earl of Ailesbury
The Earl of Ailesbury
The Earl of Ailesbury by Joshua Reynolds.
|Lord-Lieutenant of Wiltshire|
|Preceded by||The Earl of Pembroke|
|Succeeded by||The Earl of Pembroke|
|Born||30 April 1729|
|Died||19 April 1814 (aged 84)|
Seamore Place, Mayfair, London, England
|Children||5, including Charles|
Thomas Brudenell-Bruce, 1st Earl of Ailesbury KT (30 April 1729 – 19 April 1814), styled The Honourable Thomas Brudenell until 1747 and known as The Lord Bruce of Tottenham between 1747 and 1776, was a British courtier.
Background and education
Born Thomas Brudenell, he was the youngest son of George Brudenell, 3rd Earl of Cardigan and Lady Elizabeth Bruce. He was the younger brother of George Montagu, 1st Duke of Montagu, James Brudenell, 5th Earl of Cardigan and the Honourable Robert Brudenell. He was educated at Winchester College. In February 1747, aged 17, he succeeded his uncle, the 4th Earl of Elgin and 3rd and last Earl of Ailesbury, as 2nd Baron Bruce of Tottenham according to a special remainder in the letters patent. In 1767 he assumed by Royal licence the additional surname of Bruce.
Lord Bruce served as a Lord of the Bedchamber to King George III, and was briefly in May 1776 Governor to the Prince of Wales and Prince Frederick. In June 1776 he was created Earl of Ailesbury (later styled Aylesbury) , in the County of Buckingham, a revival of the earldom which had become extinct on his uncle's death. He subsequently served as Lord Lieutenant of Wiltshire from 1780 to 1782, as Lord Chamberlain to Queen Charlotte from 1780 to 1792 and as Treasurer to Queen Charlotte from 1792 to 1814. On 29 November 1786 he was made a Knight of the Order of the Thistle.
Lord Ailesbury married firstly, Susanna Hoare, daughter of the banker Henry Hoare and widow of Charles Boyle, Viscount Dungarvan, on 17 February 1761; her only child from her first marriage was Henrietta O'Neill, later a successful poet. They had five children:
- Lady Caroline Anne Brudenell-Bruce (d. 1824), died unmarried.
- George Brudenell-Bruce, Lord Bruce (1762–1783), died unmarried.
- Lady Frances Elizabeth Brudenell-Bruce (1765–1836), married Sir Henry Wright-Wilson, MP for St Albans.
- Hon. Charles Brudenell-Bruce (1767–1768), died in infancy.
- Charles Brudenell-Bruce, 1st Marquess of Ailesbury (1773–1856).
Susanna, Countess of Ailesbury, died on 4 February 1783. Lord Ailesbury married as his second wife Lady Anne Elizabeth Rawdon (1753-1813), eldest daughter of John Rawdon, 1st Earl of Moira, on 14 February 1788. There were no children from this marriage. She died on 8 January 1813. Lord Ailesbury died at Seamore Place, Mayfair, London, in April 1814, aged eighty-four. He was succeeded in the earldom by his third but only surviving son, Charles, who was created Marquess of Ailesbury in 1821.
Titles and styles
- 1729—1747: The Honourable Thomas Brudenell
- 1747—1776: The Right Honourable The Lord Bruce of Tottenham
- 1776—1786: The Right Honourable The Earl of Ailesbury
- 1786—1814: The Right Honourable The Earl of Ailesbury KT
Lord Ailesbury's first wife, Susanna Hoare, was the widow of Charles Boyle, Viscount Dungarvan.
Lord Ailesbury's second daughter Lady Frances Elizabeth Brudenell-Bruce later married Sir Henry Wright-Wilson of Chelsea Park, Middlesex.
Lord Ailesbury's third and youngest son, Charles, later 1st Marquess of Ailesbury.
- correspondence and papers
- miscellaneous correspondence 1753-1809
- 1796-1807 correspondence with Duke of Buccleuch
- 196-1807 Letters to Sir R J Buxton
- correspondence with Lord Elgin
- 1766-68 - ten letters to Lord Rockingham.
- Debrett, John (2002). Peerage of Great Britain and Ireland. vol.1/2. Adamant Media Corp.
- Ailesbury, Marquess of (1962). The History of Savernake Forest (first ed.).
- Henning, duke (1986). Thorne (ed.). History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1790-1820. Boydell & Brewer.
- thepeerage.com Thomas Brudenell-Bruce, 1st Earl of Ailesbury
- "No. 10793". The London Gazette. 26–29 December 1767. p. 2.
- "No. 11672". The London Gazette. 4 June 1776. p. 1.
- WRO  15th HMC Report App VII
- WRO 9, 100, 111; NRA 30725; Principal Family estate correspondence, 1996, A-K [12a]
- BL, MSS, II, 1984
- NRS GD224/663; NRA 34806
- CUL BP; NRA 42238
- NRAS 3955; NRA 26223 Bruce
- Sheffield City Archives WWM; WRA 1083 Wentworth Woodhouse
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Thomas Brudenell-Bruce, 1st Earl of Ailesbury
- Brudenell Bruce
Marquess of Carmarthen
| Lord Chamberlain to Queen Charlotte
The Earl of Morton
Title last held byThe Earl of Guilford
| Treasurer to Queen Charlotte
The Earl of Effingham
The Earl of Pembroke
| Lord-Lieutenant of Wiltshire
The Earl of Pembroke
|Peerage of Great Britain|
|New creation|| Earl of Ailesbury
| Baron Bruce|