Thomas Buchanan (Liberal politician)
|The Right Honourable
|Financial Secretary to the War Office|
|Prime Minister||Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman|
|Preceded by||William Bromley-Davenport|
|Succeeded by||Francis Dyke Acland|
|Alma mater||Balliol College, Oxford|
Background and education
In 1880 Buchanan unsuccessfully contested Haddington in the 1880 general election but was successfully returned to Parliament for Edinburgh in an 1881 by-election. This constituency was abolished in 1885 and he was elected for the newly created constituency of Edinburgh West as a Liberal Unionist. However, in 1888 Buchanan announced that he supported William Ewart Gladstone's Home Rule policy. He resigned his seat and was elected by a narrow majority as a Gladstonian and Home Ruler the same year.
Buchanan lost the Edinburgh West seat in 1892 but returned to the House of Commons in December the same year when he was elected to represent Aberdeenshire East in a by-election. He lost this seat in the 1900 general election and remained out of the House of Commons for the next three years. However, in February 1903 he was returned as the member for Perthshire East, a seat he held until 1910. When the Liberals came to power in December 1905 he was appointed Financial Secretary to the War Office by Prime Minister Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, a post he retained until April 1908. The latter month he was sworn of the Privy Council and made Under-Secretary of State for India by the new Prime Minister, H. H. Asquith. He remained in this post until June 1909.
Buchanan married Emily Octavia Bolitho on 15 August 1888 at Madron, Penzance, Cornwall. He was a noted collector of books and manuscripts. Some of his collections were donated by his widow to the University of Edinburgh and the Bodleian Library, Oxford, after his death.
He died in April 1911.
- Edinburgh and Leith Post Office Directory 1891-92
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs [self-published source][better source needed]
- Brief biography at Edinburgh University Library
- "THE WRITING ON THE WALL.; A NOTABLE VICTORY FOR HOME RULE IN EDINBURGH.". New York Times. 19 February 1888. Retrieved 2008-08-07.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Thomas Buchanan
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Edinburgh
With: James Cowan 1881–1882
Samuel Danks Waddy 1882–1885
|New constituency||Member of Parliament for Edinburgh West
|Member of Parliament for Aberdeenshire East
Archibald White Maconochie
Sir John Kinloch
|Member of Parliament for Perthshire East
|Financial Secretary to the War Office
Francis Dyke Acland
|Under-Secretary of State for India
The Master of Elibank