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Thomas Bushnell, BSG
|Born||December 13, 1967|
|Other names||formerly Michael Bushnell|
|Education||PhD in Philosophy, University of California, Irvine.|
|Known for||GNU Hurd|
Thomas Bushnell, BSG, formerly known as Michael Bushnell (born December 13, 1967), is a software developer and Gregorian friar. He was the founder and principal architect of GNU's official kernel project, GNU Hurd. Bushnell was Hurd's official maintainer from its instigation until November 2003. Bushnell currently maintains Debian packages, and is employed by Google LLC since July 2010. He is a member of Saint Mark's Episcopal Church in Glendale, CA.
In 1999 Bushnell graduated summa cum laude from the University of Massachusetts Boston with Bachelor's degrees in philosophy and classics. In 2007 he completed his PhD at the University of California, Irvine under supervisor Professor Bonnie Kent, with his dissertation titled Peter Abelard's Conception of the Good.
The GNU Hurd kernel was launched in 1990 and Bushnell was the lead developer. This kernel was to be one of the last free software components needed to complete the GNU operating system. The project was experiencing delays however for various reasons, one of them being that Bushnell "several times redesigned and rewrote large parts of the code based on what he had learned, rather than trying to make the Hurd run as soon as possible", according to Richard Stallman. Stallman stated that "it was good design practice, but it wasn’t the right practice for our goal: to get something working ASAP". In 1992 when the Linux kernel became available, it instead was packaged with other GNU components and software to create the Linux operating system.
Bushnell was Hurd's official maintainer from its instigation until November 2003, when he posted to the GNU project's discussion mailing list saying that he had been dismissed by Stallman for criticizing the GNU Free Documentation License. Stallman said the dismissal was because Bushnell had been inactive since 2001 and wasn't responding to mail.
Comments on Stallman
Following Stallman's resignation as president of the Free Software Foundation and his guest position at MIT, Bushnell wrote on Medium that although he felt sympathy for Stallman, he believes it was good for the free software community for him to step down.
- Thomas, Gavin. "Whatever happened to the Hurd? – The story of the GNU OS". Retrieved September 10, 2016.
- "The Brothers". The Brotherhood of Saint Gregory. Retrieved 2019-09-22.
- Brinkmann, Marcus (2001). "Talk about the Hurd". gnu.org. Retrieved 2019-09-22..
- GNU's bulletin, vol. 1 No. 12
- corbet (2003-11-19). "Thomas Bushnell is no longer Hurd maintainer". LWN.net. Retrieved 2019-09-22.
- List of Debian Developers
- "Debian Quality Assurance".
- Thomas Bushnell's LinkedIn page
- Bushnell, Thomas (2007). Peter Abelard's Conception of the Good. Ann Arbor, U.S.: University of California, Irvine. ISBN 978-0549114833.
- Google Scholar - Peter Abelard's Conception of the Good
- Williams, Sam; Stallman, Richard M. (2010). Free as in Freedom 2.0 (PDF). GNU Press. p. 149. ISBN 978-0-9831592-1-6.
- Answer to an audience question after Richard Stallman's speech at FOSDEM, February 2004.
- Vaughan-Nichols, Steven J. (2012-08-29). "The truth about Goobuntu: Google's in-house desktop Ubuntu Linux". ZDNet. Retrieved 2019-09-24.
- Bushnell, Thomas (2019-09-18). "A reflection on the departure of RMS". Medium. Retrieved 2019-09-22.
- EditorDavid (2019-09-21). "GNU's Former Kernel Maintainer Shares 'A Reflection on the Departure of Richard Stallman'". Slashdot. Retrieved 2019-09-22.
- Home page
- Profile on LinkedIn
- Profile on Medium
- The Deeds of the Divine Augustus translated by Thomas Bushnell
- "Towards a New Strategy of OS Design", an architectural overview of the HURD, by Thomas Bushnell, BSG
- YouTube: Bushnell's talk about Goobuntu at NYLUG on 2012-11-08
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