Thomas Butler, 7th Earl of Ormond

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Thomas Butler, 7th Earl of Ormond
Born1426
Kilkenny, Ireland
Died3 August 1515(1515-08-03) (aged 88–89)
London, England
BuriedMercers' Chapel, St Thomas of Acre, London
Spouse(s)Anne Hankford
Lora Berkeley
IssueAnne Butler
Margaret Butler
Elizabeth Butler
FatherJames Butler, 4th Earl of Ormond
MotherJoan de Beauchamp

Thomas Butler, 7th Earl of Ormond, P.C. (1426 – 3 August 1515) was the youngest son of James Butler, 4th Earl of Ormond. He was attainted, but restored by Henry VII's first Parliament in November 1485, and the statutes made at Westminster, by Edward IV, which declared him and his brothers traitors, were abrogated.

Family[edit]

Arms of Butler, Earl of Ormond[1]

Thomas Butler was the third son of James Butler, 4th Earl of Ormond, by his first wife, Joan de Beauchamp (d. 3 or 5 August 1430). He had two elder brothers, James Butler, 5th Earl of Ormond, and John Butler, 6th Earl of Ormond, as well as two sisters, Elizabeth Butler, who married John Talbot, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury, and Anne Butler (d. 4 January 1435), who was contracted to marry Thomas FitzGerald, 7th Earl of Desmond, although the marriage appears not to have taken place. [2]

Career[edit]

Thomas Butler, as an Irish peer, should only have sat in the Irish Parliament. However, as a personal friend of Henry VII he was summoned to the English Parliament in November 1488 as "Thomas Ormond de Rochford chevaler". At this time he was already 8th Earl of Carrick and 7th Earl of Ormond,[3] having succeeded his elder brothers James Butler, 5th Earl of Ormond and John Butler, 6th Earl of Ormond, neither of whom left legitimate issue.

He was afterwards sworn of the Privy Council of England.

He was known as The Wool Earl, due to his enormous wealth. Besides being in the possession of major lands in the Irish counties of Kilkenny and Tipperary, he owned 72 manors in England, making him one of the richest subjects in the realm.[4] He relied heavily on the advice and political skills of Walter Champfleur, Abbot of St Mary's Abbey, Dublin, until the Abbot's death in 1498 or 1499. Champfleur collected his rents, stored money for him, and kept him informed of important political developments, especially in Parliament. After Champfleur's death the Earl's relations with the Abbey, and particularly the new Abbot, John Orum, declined markedly.

In 1509, he was appointed Lord Chamberlain to Catherine of Aragon.[5] He held this post until 1512.

Marriage and children[edit]

He married twice:

Death and succession[edit]

Ormond died on 3 August 1515 and was buried in the Mercers' Chapel of the Hospital of St Thomas of Acre in the City of London.[17] As he died without male progeny the barony supposedly created in 1488 fell into abeyance. The Earldom devolved to his heir male and distant cousin Piers Butler, 8th Earl of Ormond, 1st Earl of Ossory (1467–1539), the grandson of his first cousin Sir Edmund MacRichard Butler (1420–1464) of Polestown, County Kilkenny, Ireland, a grandson of James Butler, 3rd Earl of Ormond (c. 1359 – 1405) of Gowran Castle in Ireland.

See also[edit]

Butler dynasty

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Blazoned as Gules, three covered cups or in Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p. 864
  2. ^ Richardson I 2011, pp. 380–3.
  3. ^ Henry VII By Stanley Bertram Chrimes, p. 138
  4. ^ Marie Louise Bruce, Anne Boleyn, p. 11
  5. ^ Antonia Fraser, The Wives of Henry VIII, pp. 59, 117
  6. ^ Risdon, Tristram (d.1640), Survey of Devon, 1811 edition, London, 1811, with 1810 Additions, p. 64
  7. ^ Prince, John, (1643–1723) The Worthies of Devon, 1810 edition, p. 462, biography of Sir William Hankford
  8. ^ Prince, p. 462
  9. ^ Richardson I 2011, p. 384.
  10. ^ Richardson I 2011, p. 385.
  11. ^ Richardson I 2011, pp. 383.
  12. ^ Cokayne 1936, p. 338.
  13. ^ Horrox 2004.
  14. ^ Nicols 1891, p. 192.
  15. ^ Burke 1866, p. 55.
  16. ^ Richardson 2011, p. 385.
  17. ^ Richardson 2011, p. 383.

References[edit]

  • Burke, Bernard (1936). A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire (New ed.). London: Harrison. p. 55. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
  • Cokayne, George Edward (1936). The Complete Peerage, edited by H.A. Doubleday and Lord Howard de Walden. Vol. IX. London: St. Catherine Press. pp. 337–8.
  • Horrox, Rosemary (2004). "Blount, Walter, first Baron Mountjoy (d. 1474)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/2700. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  • Nichols, Francis Morgan (1891). The Hall of Lawford Hall. London: Ellis and Elvery. pp. 192–3, 314. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
  • Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G. (ed.). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. Vol. I (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 978-1449966379.
  1. Marie Louise Bruce, Anne Boleyn, p. 11
  2. Antonia Fraser, The Wives of Henry VIII, pp. 59, 117
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by Earl of Ormond
1478–1515
Succeeded by