Thomas Cary (North Carolina)

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Thomas Cary
6th Deputy Governor of the Province of Carolina
In office
Preceded by Robert Daniell
Succeeded by William Glover (officially Deputy Governor, 1707-1710); Edward Hyde (c. 1650–1712)
Personal details
Born Buckinghamshire, England
Died ca. 1718
near Bath, North Carolina
Residence Bath, North Carolina
Occupation Politician

Thomas Cary was the sixth Deputy Governor of the Province of Carolina at a time when the deputy governor's role was to oversee and manage what is now the state of North Carolina. Cary is best known for his role in the revolt known as Cary's Rebellion, between 1708 and 1711, in which he usurped power from then-deputy-governor William Glover, driving Glover from the province.


Thomas Cary was born in Buckinghamshire, England, to Walter Cary and Ann Dobson. Eventually, Cary moved to South Carolina, where he became a prominent "merchant and shipowner". In 1707, Cary joined the South Carolina assembly as the representative and speaker. The same year, he also was appointed governor of South Carolina until he was replaced by William Glover. However, he regained the government of the province in October 1708 thanks to support from dissenters. Cary abolished the laws of Glover and replaced officials suspected of being disloyal to the dissidents. He prompted the immigration of new settlers through the reformation of land grant policy. He ended his term in 1711.

In this year, when Edward Hyde was appointed the first Governor of the Province of North Carolina (albeit before the Province's official separation from the Province of South Carolina), Cary put up resistance to Hyde's new authority, thus causing a revolt in the colony. Cary was eventually defeated and captured in Virginia, and Hyde took office as he had planned. In 1711, the Governor of Virginia Alexander Spotswood sent Cary and his supporters to London to subject them to trial. Cary was released in 1712 without suffering any punishment, "likely due to a lack of clear evidence." In 1713, Cary returned to North Carolina, living in Bath County until his death in July 1718.[1]


  1. ^ Daniels, Dennis F.; Powell, William S., ed. (2006). "Thomas Cary". Encyclopedia of North Carolina. UNC Press. Retrieved 20 December 2012.