|Sir Joseph Amable Thomas Chapais|
|Senator for Grandville, Quebec|
December 31, 1919 – July 15, 1946
|Appointed by||Robert Borden|
|Preceded by||Philippe-Auguste Choquette|
|Succeeded by||Paul Henri Bouffard|
|Member of the Legislative Council of Quebec for Les Laurentides|
March 18, 1892 – July 15, 1946
|Preceded by||Guillaume Bresse|
|Succeeded by||Gérald Martineau|
|Born||March 23, 1858|
Saint-Denis, Canada East
|Died||July 15, 1946 (aged 88)|
Saint-Denis, Quebec, Canada
|Relations||Jean-Charles Chapais, father|
Minister Without Portfolio (1893-1896 & 1936-1939 & 1944-1946)
Commissioner of Colonization and Mines (1897)
Government Leader in the Legislative Council (1893-1894 & 1936-1939 & 1944-1946)
President of the Legislative Council (1895-1897)
Born in Saint-Denis, Quebec (then Canada East), the son of Jean-Charles Chapais, a Father of Canadian Confederation, and Henriette-Georgina Dionne, he received a bachelor's degree in 1876 from Université Laval and was called to the Bar of Quebec in 1879.
From 1879 to 1884, he was the Principal Secretary to the Lieutenant Governor of Quebec, Théodore Robitaille. Turning to journalism, he became the Editor-in-Chief of the daily newspaper, Le Courrier du Canada in 1884 and from 1890 to 1901 was the owner. From 1907 to 1934, he was a Professor of History at Université Laval.
In 1891, he ran unsuccessfully as a Conservative for the House of Commons of Canada in the riding of Kamouraska. He was appointed to the Legislative Council of Quebec in 1892 representing Laurentides. From 1893 to 1894, he was the Leader of the Government. In 1893, he was appointed Minister without Portfolio in the cabinet of Louis-Olivier Taillon. From 1895 to 1897, he was the Speaker of the Legislative Council. From 1896 to 1897, he was the President of the Executive Council in the cabinet of Edmund James Flynn and was a Cabinet Minister. In 1917, he refused a seat in the Senate but was summoned to the Senate in 1919. A Conservative, he represented the senatorial division of Grandville, Quebec and served until his death in 1946.
From 1936 to 1939 and again from 1944 to 1946, he was the leader of the government in the Legislative Council. From 1936 to 1938, he was a Minister without Portfolio in the cabinet of Maurice Duplessis. He was appointed again in 1944.
In 1912, he was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and was its President from 1923 to 1924. From 1925 to 1926, he was the President of the Canadian Historical Association. In 1930, he was a member of the Canadian delegation to the League of Nations. In 1935, he was made a Knight Bachelor by George V.
Parc Thomas-Chapais in Montreal is named in his honour.
- Congrégations enseignantes et le brevet de capacité (1893)
- Discours et conférences (1895)
- le Serment du roi (1901)
- Jean Talon, intendant de la Nouvelle-France (1904)
- Mélanges de polémique et d'études religieuses, politiques et littéraires (1905)
- le Marquis de Montcalm (1911)
- Mélanges (1915)
- Cours d'histoire du Canada, 1760-1867 (1919)
- "Chapais, Sir Thomas National Historic Person". Parks Canada. 2012-03-15. Retrieved 10-3-2013. Check date values in:
- "Biography". Dictionnaire des parlementaires du Québec de 1792 à nos jours (in French). National Assembly of Quebec.
- Thomas Chapais – Parliament of Canada biography
- Works by Thomas Chapais at Project Gutenberg
- Works by Thomas Chapais at Faded Page (Canada)
- Works by or about Thomas Chapais at Internet Archive
- Works by Thomas Chapais at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)