Thomas Claiborne (1780–1856)

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Thomas Claiborne
Member of the United States House of Representatives from Tennessee's 5th congressional district
In office
March 4, 1817 – March 3, 1819
Preceded by Newton Cannon
Succeeded by Newton Cannon
Personal details
Born (1780-05-17)May 17, 1780
Brunswick County, Virginia
Died January 7, 1856(1856-01-07) (aged 75)
Nashville, Tennessee
Political party Democratic-Republican
Spouse(s) Sarah Martin Lewis Claiborne
Profession lawyer


Thomas Claiborne (May 17, 1780 – January 7, 1856) was an American politician and a United States Representative for the state of Tennessee.


Claiborne was a son of Thomas Claiborne (1749-1812), a brother of John Claiborne, and born near Petersburg, Brunswick County, Virginia on May 17, 1780. He attended the common schools in Virginia.[1] He married Sarah Martin Lewis.


Claiborne served as a major on the staff of Gen. Andrew Jackson in the Creek War. He studied law and was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Nashville, Tennessee, in 1807. As a member of Tennessee House of Representatives from 1811 to 1812, he was presiding as Speaker during the latter session. He served as a United States Marshal.[2]

Elected as a Democratic-Republican to the Fifteenth Congress, Claiborne served from March 4, 1817 to March 3, 1819.[3] He also served as Mayor of Nashville in 1818.

Claiborne represented Hiram Lodge No. 7 and Cumberland Lodge No. 8, of the Free and Accepted Masons, at the formation of the Grand Lodge of Tennessee on December 27, 1813. He was chosen Most Worshipful Grand Master of Tennessee from 1813 to 1814.[4] He resumed the practice of law in Nashville.


Claiborne died on January 7, 1856, at the age of 75 years, 235 days. He is interred at Nashville City Cemetery, Nashville, Tennessee.[5]


  1. ^ "Thomas Claiborne". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 14 February 2013. 
  2. ^ "Thomas Claiborne". The Nashville Retrieved 14 February 2013. 
  3. ^ "ThomasClaiborne". Govtrack US Congress. Retrieved 14 February 2013. 
  4. ^ "Thomas Claiborne". The Grand Lodge of Tennessee Free and Accepted Masons. Retrieved 14 February 2013. 
  5. ^ "Thomas Claiborne". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 14 February 2013. 

External links[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Newton Cannon
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Tennessee's 3rd congressional district

Succeeded by
Newton Cannon