Thomas Cooper, 1st Baron Cooper of Culross

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Thomas Mackay Cooper, 1st Baron Cooper of Culross PC KC FRSE (24 September 1892 – 15 July 1956) was a Scottish Unionist Party politician, judge and historian.

Background and education[edit]

The grave of Thomas Cooper, Baron Cooper, Grange Cemetery, Edinburgh

Cooper was the son of John Cooper, of Edinburgh, a civil engineer, and Margaret, daughter of John Mackay, of Dunnet, Caithness. He was educated at George Watson's College, Edinburgh, and the University of Edinburgh.[1]

Political, legal and judicial career[edit]

Cooper was admitted a member of the Faculty of Advocates in 1915 and created a King's Counsel in 1927.[2] He was the Unionist Member of Parliament (MP) for Edinburgh West from a by-election in 1935 to 1941.[1][3] In 1935 he was appointed Solicitor General for Scotland[4] and later that year he was appointed as Lord Advocate.[5][6] He also became a Privy Counsellor in 1935.[7] In 1941 he became Lord Justice Clerk with the judicial title of Lord Cooper[8][9][10] and in 1947 Lord Justice General and Lord President of the Court of Session.[11][1] He resigned in 1954 and was created a peer as Baron Cooper of Culross, of Dunnet in the County of Caithness.[12]

Personal life[edit]

He was educated at George Watson's College and then studied Law at Edinburgh University.

Cooper married Margaret Mackay.

He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1936, his proposers being John Alexander Inglis, Thomas Henry Holland, Thomas Hudson Beare and Ernest Wedderburn. He served as the Society's Vice President 1945–48.[13]

Lord Cooper of Culross died in July 1956, aged 62, at which point the barony became extinct.[1] He is buried with his parents near the centre of the SW section of the original Grange Cemetery in south Edinburgh.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d Thomas Mackay Cooper, 1st and last Baron Cooper of Culross
  2. ^ "No. 33264". The London Gazette. 8 April 1927. p. 2310. 
  3. ^ House of Commons: Ealing to Elgin
  4. ^ "No. 15174". The Edinburgh Gazette. 17 May 1935. p. 424. 
  5. ^ "No. 15222". The Edinburgh Gazette. 1 November 1935. p. 913. 
  6. ^ "No. 34215". The London Gazette. 1 November 1935. p. 6900. 
  7. ^ "No. 34224". The London Gazette. 29 November 1935. p. 7575. 
  8. ^ "No. 15820". The Edinburgh Gazette. 13 June 1941. p. 305. 
  9. ^ "No. 35190". The London Gazette. 13 June 1941. p. 3376. 
  10. ^ "Lord Justice Clerk Appointed". The Times (Issue 48945). London, England. 6 June 1941. p. 4. Retrieved 18 January 2016 – via The Times Digital Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  11. ^ "No. 16401". The Edinburgh Gazette. 7 January 1947. p. 7. 
  12. ^ "No. 40246". The London Gazette. 3 August 1954. p. 4523. 
  13. ^

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Wilfrid Normand
Member of Parliament for Edinburgh West
Succeeded by
Sir Ian Clark Hutchison
Legal offices
Preceded by
Douglas Jamieson
Solicitor General for Scotland
Succeeded by
Albert Russell
Preceded by
Douglas Jamieson
Lord Advocate
Succeeded by
James Reid
Preceded by
Lord Aitchison
Lord Justice Clerk
Succeeded by
Lord Thomson
Preceded by
Lord Normand
Lord Justice General
Succeeded by
Lord Clyde
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Cooper of Culross