Thomas Croxen Archer

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Thomas Croxen Archer
Born Hardingstone, Northamptonshire
Spouse Mary Eleanor Salmon

Thomas Croxen Archer FRSE FSA FRSSA (1817 – 19 February 1885) was a British botanist, and the first Director of the National Museum of Scotland, a post he held from 1864 until his death in 1885.

Early life and education[edit]

Thomas Croxen Archer was born in 1817 in Hardingstone in Northamptonshire.[1]

Career[edit]

From 1842-1856, he worked as a customs officer in Liverpool. He studied botany at the medical school in Liverpool and at Queen's College there, and went on to be Professor of Botany at the college.[2]

Archer was Superintendent and then Director of the Industrial Museum of Scotland, from 1860-1864.[3]

He was the first Director of the National Museum of Scotland, a post he held from 1864 until his death in 1885.[3]

He was a member of the Royal Scottish Society of Arts from 1861 (and its President in 1874), the Botanical Society of Edinburgh, and the Royal Society of Edinburgh.

Publications[edit]

Honours and awards[edit]

Personal life[edit]

On 27 December 1841, he married Mary Eleanor Salmon at St. Paul's, Deptford, London.[4]

In 1861, he was living at 46 Gilmore Place, with his wife Mary Eleanor Archer, seven children and two other people.

In 1881, he was living at 5 West Newington Terrace, with two of his children and five other people.

References[edit]