Thomas David Anderson

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Thomas David Anderson (6 February 1853 – 31 March 1932) was a Scottish amateur astronomer.

Life[edit]

He was born at 28 Saxe-Coburg Place[1] in Stockbridge, Edinburgh, the son of John Anderson.[2] When he was five years old, his father showed him Comet Donati, and his nanny also gave him an interest in astronomy.

He was educated at Edinburgh Institution and Edinburgh University where he studied theology and obtained a D.Sc. in philology in 1880, but abandoned the idea of becoming a minister. He was sufficiently well off financially to pursue astronomy full-time.

In 1890 he was living at 3 Alfred Place on the south side of Edinburgh and working as a bank agent for the Bank of Scotland.[3]

He became a keen observer, and discovered two fairly well known novas: Nova Aurigae 1892 and Nova Persei 1901. The former marked the first time a nova's spectrum had been photographed, while the latter eventually reached magnitude 0.2 to become the brightest nova in history since the supernova SN 1604, though it was later topped by Nova Aquilae 1918. His timely discoveries enabled spectra to be taken before maximum magnitude was reached.

The plaque to Anderson at 21 East Claremont Street, Edinburgh

He constructed his own star charts and discovered 53 variable stars, the first being V Cassiopeiae in 1893. He also discovered through research that the 3rd-magnitude star Theta Eridani had been described as 1st-magnitude by Ptolemy and al-Sufi.

In 1901, Anderson, Joseph Joachim Landerer, and Henri Chrétien jointly received the Prix Jules Janssen, the highest award of the Société astronomique de France, the French astronomical society.

For his nova discoveries he won the Gunning Victoria Jubilee Prize of the Royal Society of Edinburgh for 1897-1900 and the Jackson-Gwilt Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1902.

He left Edinburgh for good in 1904 in search of better observing conditions. He claimed to have discovered another nova in Cygnus in 1923, but this could not be independently confirmed, and it is possible that it was a flare star.

Recognition[edit]

In 2014 a plaque was erected in Anderson's memory at 21 East Claremont Street in Edinburgh.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Edinburgh Post Office Directory 1854-5
  2. ^ Hector MacPherson (July 2018). "Thomas David Anderson: Watcher of the Skies" (PDF). Astronomical Society of Edinburgh. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  3. ^ Edinburgh Post Office Directory 1890-91
  4. ^ Thomas David Anderson Retrieved 14 November 2018.