Thomas Dundas (British Army officer)

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Thomas Dundas
Born 30 June 1750
Died 3 June 1794 (1794-06-04) (aged 43)
Allegiance  Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branch British Army
Rank Major-General
Battles/wars Seven Years' War
American War of Independence
Wars of the French Revolution

Major-General Thomas Dundas (30 June 1750 – 3 June 1794) was a British military officer and Governor of Guadeloupe.

Military Service[edit]

Born the son of Thomas Dundas of Fingask, Dundas was educated at Edinburgh High School and entered the army in 1766, rising to Major of the 65th Foot.[1] He was elected Member of Parliament for the Stewartry of Orkney & Shetland in 1771 retaining the seat until 1780.[1] As Lieutenant-Colonel of the 80th Foot he saw action in the American War of Independence,[1] serving under Benedict Arnold in the raid against Richmond 5–7 January 1781. Under Arnold & Phillips, he was present at the capture of Williamsburg 18 April, Blandford 25 April, the attack on Osborne’s wharf 27th, & Manchester 30th. Then he passed under the command of Cornwallis.[1] He commanded the Left Wing at Green Spring 6 July. With Tarleton he was bottled up by the Marquis de Choisy at Gloucester during the Siege of Yorktown 6–20 October. Assigned as joint commissioner for carrying out the capitulation,[1] he was made Prisoner of War after the fall of Yorktown. Promoted Colonel 20 November 1782, after repatriation he was appointed to the board of commission in 1782 to examine claims for compensation to those "who having remained loyal to the mother country, had suffered in their rights, properties and profession".

Dundas married Lady Elizabeth Eleanora Home (d. 1837), daughter of Alexander, ninth Earl Home, on 9 January 1784.[1]

He was briefly Lieutenant Governor of Guernsey in 1793.[1] Promoted Major-General on 12 Oct 1793, after the outbreak of the Wars of the French Revolution he served in the West Indies, commanding the 2nd Brigade under Charles Grey in Barbados 1794.[1] He served in the 2nd Invasion of Martinique,[1] February and commanded the military forces under John Jervis in the invasion of Guadeloupe, landing on 12 April and capturing Grand-Terre.[1] After accepting the French surrender on 20 April he was made Governor of Guadeloupe, but died on 3 June of Yellow Fever and was buried in the primary bastion of Fort Maltilde.[1]

When the French later regained possession of the island Victor Hugues issued a declaration on 10 December " That the body of Thomas Dundas, interred in Guadeloupe, shall be taken up and given as prey to the birds of the air."[1] This aroused great outrage in England and prompted a memorial in St.Paul's Cathedral.[1][2]

References[edit]

  • Dictionary of National Biography
  • Christopher Hibbert: Redcoats and Rebels: The War for America, 1770-1781
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Thomas Dundas (elder)
Member of Parliament for Orkney and Shetland
1771–1780
Succeeded by
Robert Baikie
Preceded by
Charles Dundas
Member of Parliament for Orkney and Shetland
17841790
Succeeded by
John Balfour
Government offices
Preceded by
William Brown
Lieutenant Governor of Guernsey
1793
Succeeded by
Sir James Craig
Military offices
Preceded by
John Mansel
Colonel of the 68th (Durham) Regiment of Foot
1794
Succeeded by
Sir Alured Clarke