Thomas E. Murray
Thomas E. Murray
|Died||July 21, 1929 (aged 68)|
|Website||Archived October 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine|
Thomas E. Murray (October 21, 1860 – July 21, 1929) was an American inventor and businessman who developed electric power plants for New York City as well as many electrical devices which influenced life around the world, including the dimmer switch and screw-in fuse. It has been said that he "invented everything from the power plant up to the light bulb".
Murray is considered one of the most prolific inventors in history after Thomas Edison, holding 462 U.S. patents in his name. However, unlike Edison, Murray did not patent the work of others under his name; the employee would have the patent in their name, and assign it to the Murray company. Also, if Murray worked with anyone else on an invention, their name would be listed on the patent.
Thomas E. Murray was born in Albany, New York, to an Irish family and was one of 12 children. He left school upon the death of his father when he was nine to help support his family by working three jobs.
In 1875, he was an apprentice at the Albany Iron & Machine works. In 1881, at the age of 21, he became the Chief Engineer of the Albany Waterworks. In 1887, Anthony N. Brady hired Murray to run the power station of the Albany Municipal Gas Co.
Murray was responsible for the power stations that powered New York City for the first half of the 20th century. He eventually was in complete charge of all the allied Edison companies in New York City, Brooklyn, and Westchester.
- 1898: Gold St. in Brooklyn
- 1899: Waterside I and II (1906)
- 1910: Central Power Station in Gowanus
- 1913: Sherman Creek @ 201 St.
- 1921: Hell Gate in South Bronx
- 1924: Hudson Avenue
- 1926: E 14th Street Station
- Many in Upstate NY / out of state
- Brooklyn Transit System
His son, Thomas E. Murray Jr., was also an engineer who worked with Thomas Edison.
Honors and awards
Books and publications
- Report on the power station possibilities of the Kent avenue property of the Brooklyn Heights Railroad Company Thomas E. Murray, consulting engineer. April 1903.
- Specifications for the Williamsburg power house of the Transit development company Thomas E. Murray, consulting engineer (1905)
- Electric power plants; a description of a number of power stations designed by Thomas Edward Murray (1910).
- Power stations, by Thomas Edward Murray (1922).
- Applied engineering, by Thomas Edward Murray. : Applied engineering, by Thomas Edward Murray (1928)
- Dad's in Heaven with Nixon is a 2010 documentary film produced, directed and written by Tom Murray, the great-grandson of Thomas E. Murray. It concerns the history of the Murray family and Tom's brother Chris Murray, an artist affected by autism. It briefly covers Thomas E. Murray's career and as a father through pictures and narration.
- Golden Clan, a non-fiction account of the Murray / McDonnell family of New York, by John Corry
- "NIHF Inductee Thomas E. Murray Invented the Electric Fuse Box". National Inventors Hall of Fame. Retrieved April 15, 2021.
- "Thomas E. Murray". National Inventors Hall of Fame. July 25, 2016. Archived from the original on March 11, 2017. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
- New York Edison Company (March 1911). "A New Protective System". The Edison Monthly. New York, NY: New York Edison Company. 3: 310–311. OCLC 560865847, 1567506. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
- "Thomas E. Murray Made Doctor of Science by Villa Nova College". Mechanical Engineering. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. 42: 1-PA112. 1920. ISSN 0025-6501. OCLC 1756943. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
- Corry, John (1977). Golden clan : the Murrays, the McDonnells, and the Irish American aristocracy. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 9780395251461. OCLC 924575580.
- Birmingham, Stephen (1973). Real Lace: America's Irish Rich. New York: Harper & Row. pp. 23–54. ISBN 9780060103361. OCLC 1151090528, 927973513 – via Internet Archive.