Thomas Edward Bowdich
Thomas Edward Bowdich (20 June 1791 – 10 January 1824) was an English traveller and author.
Bowdich was born at Bristol and educated at Bristol Grammar School. In 1813, he married Sarah Wallis, who shared his subsequent career. In 1814, through his uncle, J. Hope-Smith, governor of the British Gold Coast settlements, he obtained a writership in the service of the African Company of Merchants and was sent to Cape Coast. In 1817, he was sent, with two companions, William Hutchison and Henry Tedlie, to Kumasi on a mission to the king of Ashanti, and chiefly through his skillful diplomacy the mission succeeded in its object of securing British control over the coast natives.
In 1818, Bowdich returned to England, and in 1819 published an account of his mission and of the study he had made of the court of Kumasi, entitled Mission from Cape Coast Castle to Ashantee, &c. (London, 1819). He later presented his Ashanti collections to the British Museum. Bowdich publicly attacked the management of the African committee, and his strictures were instrumental in leading the British government to assume direct control over the Gold Coast.
From 1820 to 1822, Bowdich lived in Paris, studying mathematics and the natural sciences, and was on intimate terms with Georges Cuvier, Alexander von Humboldt and other savants. During his stay in France he edited several works on Africa, and also wrote scientific works. In 1822, accompanied by his wife, he went to Lisbon, where, from a study of historic MSS., he published An Account of the Discoveries of the Portuguese in . . . Angola and Mozambique (London, 1824). In 1823, Bowdich and his wife, after some months spent in Madeira and Cape Verde Islands, arrived at Bathurst (now Banjul) at the mouth of the Gambia, intending to go to Sierra Leone and thence explore the interior. However, Bowdich died from malaria while in Bathurst on 10 January 1824, leaving his widow Sarah with three children.
His widow, Sarah (Wallis) Bowdich Lee, published an account of his last journey, entitled Excursions in Madeira and Porto Santo . . . to which is added A Narrative of the Continuance of the Voyage to its Completion, &c (London, 1825). Bowdich's daughter, Mrs Tedlie Hutchison Hale, republished in 1873, with an introductory preface, her father's Mission from Cape Coast Castle to Ashantee.
- Mission from Cape Coast Castle to Ashantee, with a statistical account of that kingdom, and geographical notices of other parts of the interior of Africa, London: J. Murray, 1819.
- Elements of Conchology Including the Fossil Genera and the Animals, Treuttel & Würtz, 1822.
- Mission from Cape Coast Castle to Ashantee, with a Descriptive Account of that Kingdom, London: Griffith & Farran, 1873.
- Gibson, John Westby (1885–1900). "Bowdich, Thomas Edward". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Baynes, T.S., ed. (1878), "Thomas Edward Bowdich", Encyclopædia Britannica, 4 (9th ed.), New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, p. 178.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911), "Thomas Edward Bowdich", Encyclopædia Britannica, 4 (11th ed.), Cambridge University Press, p. 341.