Thomas F. Toon
|Thomas F. Toon|
June 10, 1840|
Columbus County, North Carolina
|Died||February 19, 1902
Raleigh, North Carolina
|Place of burial||Historic Oakwood Cemetery
Raleigh, North Carolina
|Allegiance|| United States of America
Confederate States of America
|Service/branch||Confederate States Army|
|Years of service||1861 – 1865 (CSA)|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
Thomas Fentress Toon was born June 10, 1840, in Columbus County, North Carolina, to Anthony F. Toon and Mary McMillian Kelly. He attended Wake Forest College but left school as a senior when the Civil War began.
Toon enlisted in a company that became a part of the 20th North Carolina Infantry Regiment. He returned to Wake Forest in June and graduated. Toon was elected his company's first lieutenant and then its captain in July. From 1862 to March 1865, he fought in all the major engagements of the Army of Northern Virginia and suffered seven wounds in the process. Following his performances at the Battle of Seven Pines, in the Seven Days Battles, at the Battle of South Mountain the Battle of Fredericksburg he was elected colonel of the 20th North Carolina on February 26, 1863, when the senior officers in the regiment waived their rights to the command. He led the regiment at the Battle of Chancellorsville, at Gettysburg, and at the Battle of Mine Run in 1863. Toon famously wrote of his brigade's slaughter at Gettysburg under the leadership of Alfred Iverson, Jr., "...initiated at Seven Pines, sacrificed at Gettysburg, surrendered at Appomattox."
During the bloody Overland Campaign of 1864, Toon continued to display solid leadership. When his brigade commander, Brigadier General Robert D. Johnston, was wounded at the Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse in May, he succeeded to command of the brigade. Following promotion to brigadier general, Toon led the brigade during Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early's July raid on Washington. In August Johnston returned, and Toon reverted to his former rank of Colonel and command of the 20th North Carolina. He led his regiments in the Valley Campaigns of 1864 and during the Siege of Petersburg. On March 25, 1865, he was severely wounded during the Confederate attack during the Battle of Fort Stedman ending his active duty in the field remainder of the War.
After the War, Toon returned to North Carolina where he lived for the remainder of his life. He was elected superintendent of public instruction for North Carolina in 1900, serving for one year until his death in Raleigh, North Carolina, on February 19, 1902. He is buried at Historic Oakwood Cemetery in Raleigh.
- Thomas Fentress Toon (1840 - 1902) - Find A Grave Memorial at www.findagrave.com
- Toon, Thomas F. as quoted in Walter Clark (ed.) North Carolina Regiments: 1861-1865, Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions: First at Bethel, Farthest to the Front at Gettysburg, Last at Appomattox. Vol. II, (Raleigh, NC: E.M. Uzzell, Printer and Binder, 1901): p. 111.
- Clark, Walter (ed.) North Carolina Regiments: 1861-1865, Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions: First at Bethel, Farthest to the Front at Gettysburg, Last at Appomattox. Vol. II, (Raleigh, NC: E.M. Uzzell, Printer and Binder, 1901)
- Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 978-0-8047-3641-1.
- Sifakis, Stewart. Who Was Who in the Civil War. New York: Facts On File, 1988. ISBN 978-0-8160-1055-4.
- Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Gray: Lives of the Confederate Commanders. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959. ISBN 978-0-8071-0823-9.