Thomas Fairfax (Gilling)
Sir Thomas Fairfax (c. 1475 – 1520) was an owner of Gilling Castle, near Gilling East, North Yorkshire, England. He and his wife Anne Gascoigne are common ancestors of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge.
Sir Thomas Fairfax (father)
Fairfax's father, also named Thomas, was presumably a supporter of the House of York in the Wars of the Roses. His original home was near the site of the Battle of Towton. Based on the 1349 marriage between Margaret de Etton and their ancestor, a third Thomas Fairfax of Walton, the elder Thomas Fairfax successfully claimed the ownership of the Gilling Estate during two inquisitions, the first of which was in 1489.
The elder Thomas Fairfax married Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Sherburne of Lancashire. Their son, the younger Thomas Fairfax, was the eldest of nine children; his brothers' names were Richard, Robert and John, and his sisters were Jane, Elizabeth, Isabel, Anne and Dorothy.
In 1513, the younger Fairfax served with Henry VIII on his expedition to Artois. He was knighted when the city of Tournai (now in Belgium) surrendered to the king. Upon his father's death in 1505, the younger Thomas Fairfax inherited the Gilling estate.
Marriage and family
The younger Fairfax's wife was Agnes (or Anne) Gascoigne, daughter of Lady Margaret Percy, the daughter of Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland and through him, a descendant of Edward III. Agnes's father was Sir William Gascoigne "the Younger" of York, son of another Sir William Gascoigne.
Fairfax had six sons and six daughters.
- Upon his death, he left his estate to his son Nicholas, an ancestor of William, Duke of Cambridge's maternal ancestors, the Spencer family.
- William was Nicholas's twin. He settled at Bury St. Edmunds and is buried in Walsingham. William is an ancestor of Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge's paternal family, the Middleton family.
- His third son, Thomas, became a priest in the Church of England.
- His other sons were named Miles of Gilling, Guy and Robert.
A celebrated member of the Fairfax family is Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Lord Fairfax of Cameron (17 January 1612 – 12 November 1671) - the distant cousin of Sir Thomas Fairfax (Gilling) - who was a general and Parliamentary commander-in-chief during the English Civil War.
Records reveal that in his will, dated 26 November 1520, Sir Thomas Fairfax names his wife Anne (Agnes) - “Dame Anne Fairfax, my wif” - as an "executrix" and she is granted administration 11 April 1521.
- Reitwiesner, William Addams (2011). Child, Christopher Challender; Steward, Scott Campbell, eds. The Ancestry of Catherine Middleton. Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic Genealogical Society. ISBN 978-0-88082-252-7.
- Marwood, John (1995). "Chapter 9.1: The Fairfax Family". A History of Gilling. Available publicly online through APL-385.
- Norcliffe, Charles Best (1881). "The Visitation of Yorkshire in the years 1563 and 1564 made by William Fowler, Esq Norroy King of Arms". The Publications of the Harleian Society. The Harleian Society. XVI: 117–119.
- Marwood 1995, Chapter 9.1
- Adolph, Anthony (July 2012). "The Fairfax ancestry of the Duchess of Cambridge – a correction". Genealogists' Magazine. London: Society of Genealogists. 30 (10).
- Reitwiesner op.cit. – Ahnentafel entry 38561, Notes in respect of ancestry of entry 38561
- Burke, John (1835). A genealogical and heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland. Volume II. London. p. 115.
- Reitwiesner op.cit. – Notes in respect of other descendants of entries 38560 and 38561
- Reitwiesner op.cit. – Ahnentafel entry 19270
- Adolph, Anthony. "The Ancestry of H.R.H. Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge". Retrieved 2 October 2013.
Having found a few problems which I could not resolve I published a cautionary article, 'The Fairfax ancestry of the Duchess of Cambridge – a correction' in The Genealogists' Magazine, vol. 30, no. 10, June 2012, pp. 407–411. Thereafter I kept searching and in July 2013 I found a pedigree compiled by the Suffolk clergyman-genealogist Matthias Candler (1604–1663), preserved in Harleian Manuscript 6071 (p. 502/f. 249v) in the British Library. Taken straight from the family's own knowledge, it confirmed the line as shown below, and dispelled any shadow of doubt.
- Cracroft-Brennan, Patrick. "Fairfax of Cameron, Lord (S, 1627) - Cracroft's Peerage". Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
- "The will of Sir Thomas Fairfax of Walton, Knight". Testamenta Eboracensia. V. Durham: Andrews & Co. 1884. pp. 121–123.
- Brooke-Little, JP (1978) . Boutell's Heraldry. London: Warne. ISBN 0 7232 2096 4.
- Cracroft-Brennan, Patrick (28 April 2011). "Royal Wedding: William and Kate are (very) distant cousins". Channel 4. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
'This makes William and Kate fourteenth cousins once removed through his mother and fifteenth cousins through his father.'
- Cracroft-Brennan, Patrick (22 July 2013). "How royal is the royal baby?". Channel 4. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
Sir Thomas Fairfax
|Owner of Gilling Castle