Fonnrereau was the eldest son of the merchant Claude Fonnereau, a well-to-do London merchant of Huguenot extraction. He succeeded his father in 1740, inheriting his estates, which included Christchurch in Ipswich.
Returned for Sudbury in 1741, he continued to sit for that constituency until 1768, several of those years in conjunction with Thomas Walpole, a business connection. However, he retained interests in Suffolk and was a member of the Free British Fishery Society, and was MP for the constituency of Aldeburgh there at the end of his life.
He died unmarried in 1779 and was succeeded by his brother Dr Claudius Fonnereau (1701-85).
- Namier, L.B. (October 1927). "Brice Fisher, M. P.: A Mid-Eighteenth-Century Merchant and His Connexions". The English Historical Review. 42 (168): 514–532. doi:10.1093/ehr/XLII.CLXVIII.514. JSTOR 552412.
- Harris, Bob (February 1996). ""American Idols": Empire, War and the Middling Ranks in Mid-Eighteenth-Century Britain". Past and Present. 150: 111–141. doi:10.1093/past/150.1.111. JSTOR 651239.
- "FONNEREAU, Thomas (1699-1779), of Ipswich, Suff." History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
|Parliament of Great Britain|
| Member of Parliament for Sudbury
With: Carteret Leathes 1741–1747
Richard Rigby 1747–1754
Thomas Walpole 1754–1761
John Henniker 1761–1768
Sir Patrick Blake, Bt
Zachary Philip Fonnereau
| Member of Parliament for Aldeburgh
With: Zachary Philip Fonnereau 1773–1774
Richard Combe 1774–1779
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