Thomas Frederic Cheeseman
|Thomas Frederic Cheeseman|
June 8, 1846|
Hull, Yorkshire, UK
|Died||August 15, 1923
Auckland, New Zealand
|Spouse(s)||Rosetta "Rose" Cheeseman (née Keesing)|
|Author abbrev. (botany)||Cheeseman|
Thomas Frederic Cheeseman (8 June 1846 – 15 October 1923) was a New Zealand botanist. He was also a naturalist who had wide-ranging interests, such that he even described a few species of sea slugs (marine gastropod molluscs).
Cheeseman was born at Hull, in Yorkshire on 8 June 1846. He came to New Zealand at the age of eight with his parents on the Artemesia, arriving in Auckland on 4 April 1854. He was educated at Parnell Grammar School and then at St John's College, Auckland. His father, the Rev. Thomas Cheeseman, had been a member of the old Auckland Provincial Council.
In 1874, he was appointed Secretary of the Auckland Institute and Curator of the Auckland Museum, which had only recently been founded. Under his curatorship, the museum's collections were formed. His botanical studies were valuable not just academically, but were of importance to agriculture, horticulture, and forestry. He published papers almost every year until his death.
When Cheeseman's research began, the botany of New Zealand was quite poorly known. Cheeseman made many collecting trips including areas such as the Nelson Provincial District, the Kermadec and Three Kings Islands, and the area from Mangonui to the far north. He sometimes traveled with his friend Mr. J. Adams, of the Thames High School, after whom he named the species Senecio adamsii and Elytranthe adamsii.
Hundreds of bird specimens added to Auckland Museum's collections by Cheeseman were shot by his younger brother, William Joseph, and their labels bear the tag "W.J.C." The museum could not afford a taxidermist, but Cheeseman's sister Emma learnt the skill and prepared many of the specimens. Her initials "E.C." appear.on the backs of many labels.
Many of Cheeseman's botanical publications paved the way for the publication of a complete Flora of New Zealand. In 1906 he produced the Manual of the New Zealand Flora. In 1914 he, Hemsley, and Matilda Smith created Illustrations of the New Zealand Flora (1914). In some of his publications, Cheeseman speculated as to the possible origins of the New Zealand sub-Antarctic flora. He also had written an early paper on the naturalized plants of the Auckland Provincial District. Some of his early papers were about the pollination of certain species.
As well as his botanical research, Cheeseman developed the Auckland Museum, including what is probably the most extensive collection extant illustrating Māori ethnology. He donated his own herbarium of the flowering plants and vascular cryptogams to the Auckland Institute.
Cheeseman also named ten sea snails, half of which have become synonyms. Eight marine species were named cheesemanii after him.
Cheeseman was a Fellow of the Linnean Society of London, and the Zoological Society. He was made a Corresponding Membership of the Botanical Society of Edinburgh, and awarded the Gold Linnean Medal of the Linnean Society, the botanical equivalent to a Nobel Medal. The New Zealand Institute elected him President in 1911. In 1918, he was awarded the Hector Memorial Medal and Prize, and in 1919 he was made an original Fellow of the New Zealand Institute.
- Cockayne, Leonard (1923-12-14). "Thomas Frederic Cheeseman, 1846-1921". Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand. W.A.G. Skinner, Govt. Printing Office. 54: xvii–xix – via National Library of New Zealand.
- Goulding, Jeanne H. (1996). "Cheeseman, Thomas Frederick". In Orange, Claudia. Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. 3 (1901–1920). Auckland, N.Z.: Auckland University Press. ISBN 9781869402006.
- Gill, Brian (2012). The owl that fell from the sky: stories of a museum curator. Awa Press. pp. 57–63. ISBN 978-1-877551-13-0.
- Gill 2012, p. 61.
- P Grant-Taylor, descendant of Cheeseman
- Cheeseman, Thomas Frederick (1906). Manual of the New Zealand flora. Biodiversity Heritage Library. Wellington, New Zealand: J. Mackay, Govt. Printer. Retrieved 2017-10-09.
- Cheeseman, Thomas Frederick; Hemsley, William Botting; Smith, Matilda (1914). Illustrations of the New Zealand flora. Biodiversity Heritage Library. Wellington, New Zealand: John Mackay, Govt. Printer. Retrieved 2017-10-09.
- "Search Results: Cheeseman, T. F." rsnz.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2017-10-09.
- "WoRMS - World Register of Marine Species". www.marinespecies.org. Retrieved 2017-10-09.
- IPNI. Cheeseman.
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Thomas Frederic Cheeseman