Thomas Gaetano LoMedico

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Thomas Gaetano LoMedico
Thomas Gaetano LoMedico working on sculpture in 1938
Born (1904-07-11)July 11, 1904[1]
New York City
Died November 29, 1985 (1985-11-30) (aged 81)[2]
Tappan, New York[3]
Nationality American
Education Beaux Arts Institute of Design
Known for Sculpture, Art Medals
Spouse(s) Leonora Lisciandra LoMedico
Awards Saltus Award
Thomas LoMedico signature.jpeg

Thomas Gaetano LoMedico (July 11, 1904 – November 29, 1985) was an American sculptor and medalist.[4] Born and raised in New York City, his sculpture won awards in the 1930s and 40’s and is now in several American museum collections.

Life and career[edit]

Thomas Lo Medico was born in Upper East Side Manhattan on July 11, 1904, the son of Philip and Angelina Cimino Lo Medico.[2] His interest in the arts surfaced at a young age and while at PS 13 (Manhattan) he designed posters for neighborhood storefronts to promote the sale of WW I Liberty Bonds.[5] In 1920, at age 16, he was hired as an artist’s apprentice in a New York architectural sculpture studio. In the evenings from 1920 thru 1928 he studied at the Beaux Arts Institute of Design.[2] Chartered in 1916, the Beaux Arts Institute had as its mission promotion of the Beaux-Arts architectural style and fostering of closer relationships between architects, muralists, and sculptors.[6]

In 1935, after fifteen years creating architectural sculpture, Lo Medico opened his own studio in New York City. The Great Depression made it difficult for young sculptors to cast and sell small works as collectors still financially in a position to purchase artwork tended to support recognized sculptors such as Paul Manship. At the same time, the New Deal created opportunities for lesser known sculptors to pursue commissions for federal contracts via anonymous competitions. Contracts to create art for Federal Buildings were being administered by the Department of Treasury’s Section of Painting and Sculpture The section had been established in 1934 under Edward Bruce, Director of the Public Works of Art Project (PWAP) with a mission to discover new talent and provide work for unemployed artists.[6]

In 1936, Lo Medico was awarded a PWAP contract to execute plaster reliefs for the new Wilmington, North Carolina Post Office. He wrote “I wish to…praise the policy of the Section of Painting and Sculpture in granting freedom and liberal cooperation to the artists in the execution of their work.”[7] His seven 4.5-foot-high panels depicting scenes of North Carolina people, commerce, and history were collectively titled “History and Present Day Themes Relating to Wilmington and Its Surroundings”.[8] The individual panels are titled Stevedores, Fishing,[9] Cotton Pickers,[10] Chemists, The Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence, The Landing of the English on Roanoke Island, and Education.[7] In 1939, Lo Medico executed a PWAP contract of a terracotta Potter[11] to embellish the interior of the Crooksville, Ohio Post Office.[2]

In 1938, the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company announced an $8000 prize for a sculptural group on the American Family intending to make it the centerpiece of their exhibit at the upcoming 1939 New York World's Fair. The competition attracted 257 entries and the winning entry was Family Group by Lo Medico.[6] From the insurance company’s perspective the 12-ft- high statue symbolized an average American family moving forward in life shielded from unforeseen hazards by insurance.[12] In April 1940, after the Fair had closed, Family Group was exhibited at the Whitney Museum courtesy of Met Life.[13]

Lo Medico designed his first medal in 1946 for the National Sculpture Society (NSS). The medal in honor of American sculptor Herbert Adams (1958 – 1945) was created as an annual memorial (The Herbert Adams Memorial Award) to recognize individuals and organizations that have significantly encouraged and advanced American sculpture.[2] Lo Medico continued to design new medals almost every year thereafter.

He taught at the NY School of Industrial Art,[2] and the National Academy of Design.[5]

In 1956, Lo Medico moved to Tappan, NY and constructed an art studio behind his house on Main St. where he continued to create sculpture and medals. He died at home on November 29, 1985 at age 81. He was survived by his wife Lenora Lisciandra Lo Medico.[2]

In 1993, his widow donated Lo Medico’s papers including correspondence about commemorative medals, sculpture competitions, commissions, and financial records to Smithsonian Archives of American Art.[4] Previous to this, in 1967 & 1971 Lo Medico donated photographs of his work to the Special Collections Research Center at Syracuse University Library.[14]

Artistic controversy[edit]

On June 17, 1942 Lo Medico won a $1,000 first prize in a competition to design a public sculpture with the theme “Wings for Victory – The Spirit of Aviation”. The competition was sponsored by Artists for Victory, Inc., a consortium of twenty-three artists’ organizations. The idea was to create a temporary outdoor sculpture that would promote patriotism and incentivize the purchase of War Bonds. Lo Medico submitted a one-third scale model of a 24-foot-high weather resistant plaster stature depicting a resolute looking WW II aviator in flight suit pulling on gloves. His entry was the unanimous choice of the eleven jurors from among 149 entries and the full size statue was expected to be displayed in a prominent public location.[15] The suggested location was in front of the NY Public Library at 42nd St. & 5th Ave.[5] Contest results were announced at the Whitney Museum of American Art and Lo Medico’s model along with those of the runners-up were placed on display in the museum entrance hall.[16] Newspapers and magazines around the nation publicized the award and published photos of the winning entry.[17]

In August 1942, New York City Mayor, Fiorello La Guardia sent a letter to Artists for Victory. Inc. expressing disapproval of Lo Medico’s design.[18] He stated that he would not approve the statue’s placement on any city owned property. The mayor was quoted in the press describing the statue as a “piece of second or third-rate art looking for a first-class controversy”. Robert Moses, NYC Parks Commissioner concurred and opposed its display in any city park.[19]

Paul Manship, noted sculptor and the Vice-President of Artists for Victory expressed his support for the jury's decision and suggested erecting the stature on private property or in a different city.[20]

In 1980, nearly 40 years later, commenting on this incident, Lo Medico seemed to blame the media for creating the controversy: “I became a mildly notorious subject thanks to the newspapers. …The sculpture was simply a dramatic rendition of a World War II aviator. It was 24-feet-high and, of course, it was going to be placed in one of the most prominent spots in New York City. That was the plan, but Mayor La Guardia, who was then the mayor of New York, for some reason said ‘no’. That was it. The newspapers made quite a thing of it. And, of course, artists all over protested the mayor’s decision. It was never put in front of the library.” At the time of this interview in 1980, the original 8-ft-high competition model of Wings for Victory was on display in Lo Medico's Tappan, NY studio.[5]

Awards and recognition[edit]

Lo Medico's artwork has been shown at the Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York), the Whitney Museum of American Art, the National Academy of Design,[2] the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, and the Smithsonian American Art Museum Renwick Gallery.[23]

Selected works[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thomas LoMedico, accessed December 2011
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Demarest, William “Sculptor of Astronauts Dies at Tappen Home” The Journal News (White Plains, NY), Nov. 30, 1985, page A1.
  3. ^ Thomas LoMedico, from search at Smithsonian American Art Gallery
  4. ^ a b Thomas Gaetano LoMedico papers, ca. 1939-1980 at the Archives of American Art web site.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Hitzig, Michael “Six Decades a Sculptor” The Journal News (White Plains, NY), March 30, 1980, p. 67.
  6. ^ a b c d Howlett, D. Rodger "Thirties Sculpture in the Manship Tradition Reborn in the Eighties" The Journal of Decorative and Propaganda Arts, Vol. 16, Summer 1990, pgs. 22 - 27.
  7. ^ a b c Davis, Anita Price New Deal Art in North Carolina, The Murals, Sculptures, Reliefs, Paintings, Oils and Frescoes and Their Creators, McFarland & Co., Jefferson, NC, 2009, pgs. 201 – 205.
  8. ^ "New Deal Art In North Carolina". WPAmurals.com. Retrieved 30 May 2016. 
  9. ^ "Fisherman (sculpture)". Photograph Archives Catalog. Smithsonian American Art Museum SIRIS. 
  10. ^ "Cotton (sculpture)". Photograph Archives. Smithsonian Institution. 
  11. ^ "Potter at the Wheel (sculpture)". Art Inventories Catalog. SIRIS. 
  12. ^ “Exhibit Planned by Metropolitan” Macon Telegraph (Macon GA), December 17, 1938, p. 9.
  13. ^ Exhibition of Sculptures under the Auspices of the National Sculpture Society at the Whitney Museum of American Art, Platin Press, NY, 1940, Entry #70.
  14. ^ Lo Medico, Thomas. "Inventory of Thomas LoMedico Papers at Syracuse University Library". 
  15. ^ McCausland, Elizabeth “Sculptors Contribute to War Effort” Springfield Republican (Springfield, Massachusetts), June 28, 1942, p. 6E.
  16. ^ “Lo Medico, Sculptor, Wins ‘Wings for Victory’ Prize” Springfield Republican (Springfield, Massachusetts), June 21, 1942, p. 6E.
  17. ^ “Prize Designs for Aviation Monument” Springfield Republican (Springfield, Massachusetts), June 28, 1942, p. 6E.
  18. ^ “Mayor Objects to Gift Statue” The New York Times (NY, NY), August 13, 1942, p. 17.
  19. ^ “Controversy Over The ‘Wings for Victory’” Springfield Republican (Springfield, Massachusetts), August 27, 1942, p. 11.
  20. ^ “Aviation Sculpture May Go Out Of City” The New York Times (NY, NY), August 14, 1942, p. 14.
  21. ^ "Historic Members". National Sculpture Society. 
  22. ^ a b c d Johnson, D. Wayne Who’s Who Among American Medallists, Groton, MA, 2015, p. 176-177.
  23. ^ "Collection Databank". Smithsonian. 
  24. ^ "Thomas Lo Medico Photo 1938". Archives of American Art. Smithsonian. Retrieved 30 May 2016. 
  25. ^ "Family Group (sculpture)". Art Inventories Catalog. SIRIS. 
  26. ^ "Thomas Lo Medico Medals". Medallic Art Collector. Retrieved 30 May 2016. 
  27. ^ Alexander, David Thomason American Art Medals, 1909 – 1995, The American Numismatic Society, New York, NY, 2010, p. 122.
  28. ^ "Six Early Saints (sculpture)". Art Inventories Catalog. SIRIS. 
  29. ^ "Popular Mechanics 10th Anniversary". Art Inventories Catalogue. Smithsonian American Art Museum. 
  30. ^ Johnson, DIck. "Record for Thomas Gaetano LoMEDICO". Dick Johnson's Databank of Medallic Artists. 
  31. ^ “Medal for the World Council of Churches Assembly” The Circleville Herald (Circleville, OH), Aug 28, 1954. p. 3.
  32. ^ "Official Seal of the City of Rye". Art Inventories Catalog. SIRIS. 
  33. ^ "Alice Palmer Medal". Mantis. American Numismatic Society. Retrieved 30 May 2016. 
  34. ^ "Students (sculpture)". Art Inventories Catalog. Smithsonian American Art Museum. Retrieved 30 May 2016. 
  35. ^ "Paul Revere". Mantis. American Numismatic Society. Retrieved 30 May 2016. 
  36. ^ "Patrick Henry". Mantis. American Numismatic Society. Retrieved 30 May 2016. 
  37. ^ "Jean Pointe du Sable". Mantis. American Numismatic Society. Retrieved 30 May 2016. 
  38. ^ "NSS 75th Anniversary". Mantis. American Numismatic Society. Retrieved 30 May 2016. 
  39. ^ Reuters, “Astronaut Medal Has a Goof-up” Omaha World News (Omaha NE), Jul 16, 1970, p. 28.

External links[edit]