Thomas Gardner Horridge

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Thomas Horridge

Sir Thomas Gardner Horridge (12 October 1857 – 25 July 1938) was a British barrister and Liberal Party politician who became a judge of the High Court of England and Wales.

He was the only son of John Horridge, chemist, of Tonge with Haulgh, and Margaret Barlow of Bolton, Lancashire. He was educated in Barnes, Surrey before becoming a solicitor in Southport in 1879. In 1884 he was called to the bar at the Middle Temple, serving in the Northern Circuit.[1][2] In January 1901 it was announced that he was to be appointed a queen's counsel. With Victoria's death, the warrant was issued by her successor, Edward VII, and he became a king's counsel.[3]

In 1906 he was elected as Liberal Member of Parliament (MP) for Manchester East, spectacularly unseating the former Conservative prime minister, Arthur Balfour. He particularly campaigned on the "Chinese Slavery" issue: the Conservative government's policy of using indentured Chinese labourers, housed in primitive enclosures, to operate South African gold mines.

Horridge stood down at the next general election in January, 1910, and resumed his legal career. He was promptly appointed a judge of the King's Bench Division, a decision that was criticised as political at the time.[1][4] He subsequently dealt with cases in the Divorce and Bankruptcy Courts, and also took part in the trial for treason of Roger Casement.[1][2] He was elected treasurer of the Middle Temple in 1929.[1]

In 1937 he announced his resignation from the bench, aged 79. He was appointed a member of the Privy Council upon his retirement.[5] He died at his home in Hove, Sussex in 1938, aged 80.[1][2]

Horridge was married twice. In 1901 he married Evelyne Sandys of Lanarth, Cornwall, who died in 1920. In 1921 he married May Ethel Markham, widow of Alfred Isenberg. There were no children from either marriage.[1][2]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Obituary - Sir T Horridge, The Times, 26 July 1938, p.14
  2. ^ a b c d David Davies, rev. Hugh Mooney (2004). "Horridge, Sir Thomas Gardner (1857–1938)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2008-10-09. 
  3. ^ Law Report, The Times, 1 February 1910, p.13
  4. ^ The New Judges, The Times, 4 August 1910, p.6
  5. ^ Mr Justice Horridge's Resignation, The Times, 27 May 1937, p.16

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Arthur James Balfour
Member of Parliament for Manchester East
1906January 1910
Succeeded by
John Edward Sutton