Thomas Gaugain

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Thomas Gaugain
Born 1756
Abbeville, France
Died 1812
London
Nationality English
Occupation engraver
Relatives Peter John Gaugain (1762-1813), brother
Philip August Gaugain, son or nephew, portraiture painter c 1820s-1830s
Tsar Paul I visiting Tadeusz Kościuszko in prison by Thomas Gaugain after Aleksander Orłowski, 1801, National Library of Poland

Thomas Gaugain (1756–1812[1]) was a stipple-engraver.

Life[edit]

Gaugain was born at Abbeville in France in 1756, and moved to England with his family while still young. He studied engraving under Richard Houston. He began his artistic career as a painter, and exhibited in 1778 at the Royal Academy, showing A Moravian Peasant, The Shepherdess of the Alps, and a portrait. He continued to exhibit there up to 1782.

From 1780 he devoted himself principally to engraving, using the stipple method, and engraving some of his own designs. He showed four of these, printed in colours – Annette, Lubin, May-day, and The Chimney Sweeper's Garland– at the exhibition of the Free Society of Artists in 1783. Gaugain ranks among the best stipple-engravers of the period, and produced a large number of engravings. Gaugain lived for some years at 4 Little Compton Street, Soho, London. It is not certain when he died, but the engraving mentioned last was published in 1809, and he very probably died soon after that date.

He married Mariane Ame Le Cointe on 17 June 1787.[2]

Works[edit]

  • Diana and her Nymphs, after William Taverner
  • The Officers and Men saved from the Wreck of the Centaur, after James Northcote
  • Lady Caroline Manners, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
  • The Death of Prince Leopold of Brunswick, after James Northcote
  • The Last Interview of Charles I with his Children, after Charles Benazech
  • Diligence and Dissipation, a set of ten engravings after James Northcote
  • Rural Contemplation, after Richard Westall
  • The Madonna, after W. Miller
  • Warren Hastings, from a bust by Thomas Banks
  • Charles James Fox, from a bust by Joseph Nollekens
  • Lieut.-Col. Disbrowe, after Thomas Barker

Also, numerous others after William Hamilton (1751–1801), William Redmore Bigg, George Morland, Joseph Barney, John Milbourn, Maria Cosway, and others.

References[edit]

Attribution

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain"Gaugain, Thomas". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.