Thomas H. Swope
Thomas Hunton Swope (October 21, 1827 – October 3, 1909) was an American real estate magnate and philanthropist in Kansas City, Missouri. His death in 1909 became the focus of one of the most publicized murder trials in the early 20th century.
Born on October 21, 1827 in Lincoln County, Kentucky. In his youth, Swope was an avid reader known as "bookish and delicate". After graduating from Centre College in Danville, Kentucky in 1848, he attended Yale Law School but never practiced the profession. Instead of practicing law, he became interested in real estate and mining in New York and St. Louis.
Swope was a Yale graduate with money to invest. After living in several states, he eventually made his way to Missouri when he moved to St. Louis and began working in real estate. He came west in 1855 as the Kansas Territory opened and settled in Kansas City in 1857. Swope began purchasing property here and would later go on to become the largest individual land owner in Kansas City. Mr. Swope was called "Colonel" Swope, but the title was honorary and not from military service.
In 1893, civic reformers put forth an effort to beautify the city with parks and boulevards. Swope actively opposed the plan because he would be heavily taxed for owning vacant real estate lots. The Kansas City Star responded to his opposition by calling him a greedy mossback who "evaded taxes, fighting progress, and getting rich."
In 1896, the seventy-year-old Swope donated 1,334 acres (5.40 km2) of land to be used as a public park. The land lay seven miles (11 km) southeast of town and was used to create Swope Park.:4 18,000 Kansas Citians celebrated opening day for Swope Park with the "Colonel" wandering around the crowd while they listened to a two hour speech honoring his benefactions.
Swope's sudden illness and demise happened under mysterious circumstances, as did several others in the family. Swope was known to be mild-mannered and self-conscious,:28–29 and was a lifelong bachelor. He lived alone until later in life when he moved into the turreted red brick mansion of his late brother Logan Swope, home of his sister-in-law Margaret "Maggie" Chrisman Swope as well as seven nieces and nephews. The frugal millionaire commuted daily by streetcar to his downtown Kansas City office in the New England Life Building until the month before his death.:26–27
Swope's last days were preoccupied with how best to bestow his wealth. His real estate alone was worth three and a half million dollars. In his last days Swope was sometimes treated by Doctor Bennett Clark Hyde, who had married one of his nieces (Logan and Margaret Swope's daughter, Frances).:12–17 On October 3, 1909, just 18 days short of his 82nd birthday, Col. Swope died suddenly in his sister-in-law's home with Dr. Hyde in attendance, the aftermath of a perplexing, brief and violent illness. Swope's body lay in state at the Kansas City Public Library where thousands of mourners paid their respects.:50 Until a tomb could be prepared in Swope Park where he had requested burial, he lay in a holding vault.:119
Three months after Swope's death, Dr. Hyde came under suspicion and was charged with murder by strychnine poisoning in "a plot for money." The body of Thomas Hunton Swope was exhumed by coroner Ludvig Hektoen and an autopsy performed. At his request, Walter Stanley Haines conducted a postmortem examination of the internal organs and reported that Thomas Hunton Swope's body contained lethal amounts of both strychnine and cyanide.:179–180;210–225
Hyde was charged, tried and convicted on May 16, 1910, of the murder of Thomas Swope. On appeal, the verdict was overturned on procedural grounds. Three more trials, seven years and a quarter of a million dollars later, the charges against Hyde were dropped and he was released.
Eight and a half years after his death, Col. Thomas Swope was laid to rest in Swope Park. On April 8, 1918, he was buried high on a hill amid a forest of trees, overlooking his gift to Kansas City. His remains lie beneath a Greek temple of white granite, guarded by a pair of stone lions.
- Walter Stanley Haines
- William Rockhill Nelson
- Jesse Clyde Nichols
- William Volker
- Deaths on Pleasant Street, book covering Swope's death
- Carus, W. Seth (September 24, 2002). Bioterrorism and biocrimes : the illicit use of biological agents since 1900 ([8th rev.] ed.). Center for Counterproliferation Research, National Defense University, Fredonia Books. pp. 91–93. ISBN 9781410100238. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
- Cronan, J. Michael (March 10, 2018). "Chapter 3: State of Missouri vs. Bennett Clark Hyde". James A. Reed : legendary lawyer, marplot in the United States Senate. iUniverse. ISBN 978-1532043741. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
- Dictionary of Missouri Biography. Columbia and London: University of Missouri Press. 1999.
- "Dr. Hyde and Mr. Swope | KC History". kchistory.org. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
- "Swope Park". City of Kansas City, MO. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
- Fowler, Giles (September 2009). Deaths on Pleasant Street : the ghastly enigma of Colonel Swope and Doctor Hyde. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University Press. ISBN 978-1931112918.
- Hicks, Jesse (2013). "Return to the scene". Distillations. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
- "Thomas Swope". The Kansas City Star. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
- "Wife of Dr. Hyde, Alleged Slayer, Seeks Divorce". Pittsburgh Press. October 3, 1920. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
- Duke, Thomas Samuel (1910). "Dr. B. C. Hyde's diabolical plot to gain possession of Col. Swope's millions". Celebrated Criminal Cases of America. San Francisco, CA: James H. Barry Company. pp. 354-369. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
- Dr. Hyde Arrested As Swope's Slayer; Accused of First Degree Murder, He Has Hearing and Is Released on Bail New York Times, Friday, February 11, 1910, page 1A.
- "February 9, 1910 CONVULSIONS TOLD OF BY THE NURSE. Testifies That Capsule Was Given on Order of Dr. Hyde. STRYCHNINE THEN USED. Hypodermic Injections Made When Philanthropist Was Unconscious". The Kansas City Journal. February 9, 1910. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
- "SWOPE CHEMISTS FIND POISON TRACES; Cipher Message Conveys News to Executor J.G. Paxton, Who Is Summoned to Chicago". Special to The New York Times. January 29, 1910. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
- "Thomas H. Swope Memorial". Kansas City Parks & Recreation. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Thomas H. Swope.|
- Dr. Hyde (Swope Murder) Trial (1910): Selected Links & Bibliography compiled by Douglas O. Linder, University of Missouri, Kansas City.
- Jason Roe, Kansas City Public Library: "Dr. Hyde and Mr. Swope"
- "Dr. Jekyll or Mr. Hyde" St. Petersburg Times - October 29, 1950.
- "Colonel Swope's Nephew by Marriage Formally Accused and Arrested" Vintagekansascity.com section on the Swope-Hyde case.
- A 1928 Photograph of the "Swope Mansion" in Independence, Missouri. The building was razed in 1960, having been purchased by the RLDS church in 1923.