Thomas Harold Broadbent Maufe
|Thomas Harold Broadbent Maufe|
|Born||6 May 1898
Ilkley, West Yorkshire
|Died||28 March 1942 (aged 43)
|Battles/wars||World War I
World War II
Thomas Harold Broadbent Maufe VC (6 May 1898 – 28 March 1942) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. He was educated at Uppingham School.
On 4 June 1917 at Feuchy, France, Second Lieutenant Maufe, on his own initiative and under intense artillery fire repaired, unaided, the telephone wire between the forward and rear positions, thereby enabling his battery to open fire on the enemy. He also saved what could have been a disastrous occurrence by extinguishing a fire in an advanced ammunition dump caused by a heavy explosion, regardless of the risk he ran from the effects of gas shells in the dump.
By the end of the war he had achieved the rank of major, one of the youngest to hold that rank. After the war Maufe completed his interrupted education at Clare College, Cambridge and the Royal School of Mines where he was a member of The Chaps Club.
Maufe served in the Home Guard as a volunteer during World War II in 28th West Riding (Otley) Bn. He was killed in an accident with a misfiring trench mortar during training at the age of 43 on 28 March 1942 near Ilkley. He is buried in Ilkley Cemetery.
The family name was originally Muff but was changed to Maufe in 1909. The family owned the Bradford department store Brown, Muff. In response to their rising fortunes they left Bradford and changed their name to Maufe, thereby inspiring the local ditty: "In Bradford 'tis good enoof/To be known as Mrs Muff/But in Ilkley by the river Wharfe/'Tis better to be known as Mrs Maufe!"