Thomas Hartley

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This article is about the American soldier and politician. For the American botanist, see Thomas Gordon Hartley.
Thomas Hartley
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 8th district
In office
March 4, 1795 – December 21, 1800
Preceded by See below
Succeeded by John Stewart
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's at-large district
In office
March 4, 1789 – March 3, 1795
Preceded by District created
Succeeded by See below
Personal details
Born (1748-09-07)September 7, 1748
Reading, Pennsylvania
Died December 21, 1800(1800-12-21) (aged 52)
York, Pennsylvania
Political party Pro-Administration
Federalist
Military service
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch Continental Army
Battles/wars American Revolutionary War

Thomas Hartley (September 7, 1748 – December 21, 1800) was an American lawyer, soldier, and politician from York, Pennsylvania.

Biography[edit]

Thomas Hartley was born in Reading, Pennsylvania and practiced law in York. He served as a member of the 1775 provincial convention at Philadelphia, and commanded a 1778 Indian expedition. During the American Revolutionary War Hartley was second in command of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment in the Continental Army. Beginning in January 1777, he raised and commanded Hartley's Additional Continental Regiment and commanded it as colonel during the major battles of the Philadelphia Campaign, including Brandywine, Paoli, and Germantown. In 1778 the unit guarded the Pennsylvania frontier and, on September 24, 1778, mounted a two week foray against hostile Indians, including the destruction of Catherine's Town.[1] The regiment merged with other units in January 1779 to become the "new" 11th Pennsylvania Regiment and went with the Sullivan Expedition that summer.

He later represented Pennsylvania in the U.S. House from 1789 until 1800. He is buried in St. John’s Churchyard in York.[2]

References[edit]

See also[edit]

The following website has a portrait from the York County (Pa.) Heritage Society dating from 1927 and thus not in the public domain.

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
District Created
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's at-large congressional district

1789–1791
alongside: George Clymer, Thomas Fitzsimons, Frederick A. C. Muhlenberg, Thomas Scott, Henry Wynkoop, Daniel Hiester and Peter G. Muhlenberg

1791–1793
alongside: Thomas Fitzsimons, Frederick A. C. Muhlenberg, Israel Jacobs, John W. Kittera, Daniel Hiester, William Findley, and Andrew Gregg
1793–1795
alongside: Thomas Fitzsimons, John W. Kittera, Frederick A. C. Muhlenberg, Thomas Scott, James Armstrong, Peter G. Muhlenberg, Andrew Gregg, Daniel Hiester, William Irvine, William Findley, John Smilie, and William Montgomery

Succeeded by

1st: John Swanwick
2nd: Frederick A.C. Muhlenberg
3rd: Richard Thomas
4th: Samuel Sitgreaves and John Richards
5th: Daniel Hiester
6th: John Andre Hanna
7th: John W. Kittera
8th: Thomas Hartley
9th: Andrew Gregg
10th: David Bard and Samuel Maclay
11th: William Findley
12th: Albert Gallatin

Preceded by
At large on a General ticket:
Thomas Fitzsimons, John W. Kittera, Thomas Hartley, Thomas Scott, James Armstrong, Peter G. Muhlenberg, Andrew Gregg, Daniel Hiester, William Irvine, William Findley, John Smilie, and William Montgomery
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district

1795–1800
Succeeded by
John Stewart