Thomas Hay, 9th Earl of Kinnoull

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The Right Honourable
The Earl of Kinnoull
PC
Thomas Hay 9th Earl of Kinnoull.jpg
Thomas Hay, 9th Earl of Kinnoull
Lord Commissioner of the Treasury
In office
1754–1755
Member of Parliament for Cambridge
In office
1741–1758
Personal details
Born (1710-07-04)4 July 1710
Died 27 December 1787(1787-12-27) (aged 77)
Spouse(s) Constantia Ernlie (m. 1741)

Thomas Hay, 9th Earl of Kinnoull PC (4 July 1710 – 27 December 1787), styled Viscount Dupplin from 1719 to 1758, was a Scottish peer, British politician and scholar.

Family and education[edit]

Hay was the eldest son of George Hay, 8th Earl of Kinnoull, and Abigail, daughter of Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer.[1]

He was educated at Westminster School and then at Christ Church, Oxford.[2]

On 12 June 1741, at Oxford Chapel, Marylebone, he married Constantia Ernle, the only daughter and heiress of John Kyrle Ernle of Whetham House, Calne. Her great-grandfather was Sir John Ernle, who served as Chancellor of the Exchequer between 1676 and 1689.[3]

They had a son, born 12 August 1742, who died 14 October 1743. She died in July 1753, and was buried in Calne.[4] When Lady Dupplin died, she left her money to James Money, son of her first cousin, Elizabeth. A lengthy lawsuit followed between Kinnoull and Money.[3]

He succeeded to the earldom upon his father's death on 28 July 1758.

Career[edit]

As Lord Dupplin, he was elected for Scarborough in 1736, but his election was overturned on petition. He sat as Member of Parliament (MP) for Cambridge from 1741 until 1758. As an MP, he gradually rose to a position of influence. In the final two parliaments, he served as chairman of the committee of privileges and elections. In 1741, he was appointed one of the commissioners of the revenue in Ireland, and in 1746 was made a lord of trade and plantations. In 1751, Horace Walpole described the earl as "fond of forms and trifles," but "not absolutely a bad speaker."[5] He took a prominent part in the efforts to improve the condition of Nova Scotia. In 1754, Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle made him a Lord of the Treasury. He also served joint Paymaster of the Forces from 1755 until 1757.

He was well known in political and literary circles, and his friends included Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke, William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield, and the Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Secker. He was also acquainted with Alexander Pope, who used him as a model for the character Balbus in his Epistle to Dr Arbuthnot.[5]

He served as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster from 1758 to 1762. In 1759, he served as special envoy to Portugal, returning the next year. After the Duke of Newcastle resigned his posts in 1762, Kinnoull told George III he would support whatever minister the King should name. However, when the William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire was dismissed, Kinnoull resigned his posts from his "inviolable friendship" to Devonshire.[2]

He then retired to the country. One of his lasting legacies is the Perth Bridge over the River Tay, which he helped fund.

His final post was serving as Chancellor of the University of St Andrews from 1765 to his death on 27 December 1787. He was buried in Aberdalgie.[4]

The earldom passed to his nephew, Robert Hay-Drummond.

Legacy[edit]

Duplin County, North Carolina was named for Viscount Dupplin, as he was known when he served on the Board of Trade and Plantations in the 1740s.[6] Lempster, New Hampshire, was also briefly named Dupplin from 1753 to 1767.

References[edit]

  1. ^ James Balfour Paul (1908). The Scots Peerage. D. Douglas. p. 228. 
  2. ^ a b "HAY, Thomas, Visct. Dupplin (1710-87).". History of Parliament Online. Parliament of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "The Money - Kyrle Family". The National Archives (United Kingdom). Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Balfour Paul, p. 234.
  5. ^ a b  Stephen, Leslie; Lee, Sidney, eds. (1891). "Hay, Thomas". Dictionary of National Biography 25. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  6. ^ "A Brief History of Duplin County, NC". Duplin County, North Carolina. Retrieved 7 April 2015. 
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir John Hynde Cotton, Bt
Gilbert Affleck
Member of Parliament for Cambridge
1741–1758
With: James Martin 1741–1744
Christopher Jeaffreson 1744–1747, 1748–1749
Samuel Shepheard 1747–1748
Charles Sloane Cadogan 1749–1754, 1755–1758
Hon. Thomas Bromley 1754–1755
Succeeded by
Charles Sloane Cadogan
Soame Jenyns
Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Edgcumbe
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
1758–1762
Succeeded by
James Stanley
Academic offices
Preceded by
The Duke of Cumberland
Chancellor of the University of St Andrews
1765–1787
Succeeded by
The Viscount Melville
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
George Hay
Earl of Kinnoull COA.svg
Earl of Kinnoull

1758–1787
Succeeded by
Robert Hay-Drummond
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
George Hay
Baron Hay of Pedwardine
1758–1787
Succeeded by
Robert Hay-Drummond